The article reflects undertaken worldwide steps to build the bioeconomy. Bioeconomy is a set of industries, from the point of view of economy, and a plurality of cross-industry research, in terms of global science. All this leads to difficulty in understanding the boundaries of bioeconomy, developing within the traditional economies. The article also presents the main instruments of support and development of biotechnology and bioeconomy in Russia, such as the National Technology Initiative (NTI), the Federal Targeted Programme for Research and Development in Priority Areas of Advancement of the Russian Scientific and Technological Complex for 2014-2020 (action 2.2). The influence of the international scientific and technological programs (Horizon 2020, ERA-NET) on the regional economy was also estimated.
Language Assessment at Kazan (Volga region) Federal University (KFU). In the paper the local impact of the course at KFU is viewed at four levels: Reactions, Learning Changes, Behaviour and Results. Impact data collected at KFU include the following: end of session written feedback, pre- and post-course questionnaires, observation in the classroom, interviews, concept maps, teacher portfolios, written assignments, tests/examinations and participant journal entries. Viewed as the first step in conducting a full Student Needs Analysis, the research is intended to inform the design and delivery of Language Assessment courses for graduates majoring in English, Linguistics or Pedagogy elsewhere. The methods, techniques and tools developed by the authors may also be adapted for application to any University course during piloting, or following its introduction