We review and explain an infinite-dimensional counterpart of the Hurwitz theory realization (Alexeevski and Natanzon, Math. Russ. Izv. 72:3-24, 2008) of algebraic open-closed-string model à la Moore and Lazaroiu, where the closed and open sectors are represented by conjugation classes of permutations and the pairs of permutations, i.e. by the algebra of Young diagrams and bipartite graphs, respectively. An intriguing feature of this Hurwitz string model is the coexistence of two different multiplications, reflecting the deep interrelation between the theory of symmetric and linear groups, S∞ and GL(∞).
A measurement of the decorrelation of azimuthal angles between the two jets with the largest transverse momenta is presented for seven regions of leading jet transverse momentum up to 2.2TeVTeV. The analysis is based on the proton-proton collision data collected with the CMS experiment at a centre-of-mass energy of 8TeVTeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7fb−1fb−1. The dijet azimuthal decorrelation is caused by the radiation of additional jets and probes the dynamics of multijet production. The results are compared to fixed-order predictions of perturbative quantum chromodynamics (QCD), and to simulations using Monte Carlo event generators that include parton showers, hadronization, and multiparton interactions. Event generators with only two outgoing high transverse momentum partons fail to describe the measurement, even when supplemented with next-to-leading-order QCD corrections and parton showers. Much better agreement is achieved when at least three outgoing partons are complemented through either next-to-leading-order predictions or parton showers. This observation emphasizes the need to improve predictions for multijet production.
The differential cross section and charge asymmetry for inclusive pp→W±+X→μ±ν+Xpp→W±+X→μ±ν+Xproduction at s√=8TeVs=8TeV are measured as a function of muon pseudorapidity. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 18.8fb−1fb−1 recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC. These results provide important constraints on the parton distribution functions of the proton in the range of the Bjorken scaling variable x from 10−310−3 to 10−110−1.
A remarkable feature of Schur functions—the common eigenfunctions of cut-and-join operators from W∞W∞—is that they factorize at the peculiar two-parametric topological locus in the space of time variables, which is known as the hook formula for quantum dimensions of representations of Uq(SLN)Uq(SLN) and which plays a big role in various applications. This factorization survives at the level of Macdonald polynomials. We look for its further generalization to generalized Macdonald polynomials (GMPs), associated in the same way with the toroidal Ding–Iohara–Miki algebras, which play the central role in modern studies in Seiberg-Witten–Nekrasov theory. In the simplest case of the first-coproduct eigenfunctions, where GMP depend on just two sets of time variables, we discover a weak factorization—on a one- (rather than four-) parametric slice of the topological locus, which is already a very non-trivial property, calling for proof and better understanding.