Participation of ethnic migrations in the formation of the regional labor market (on the materials of the Republic of Tatarstan)
The article considers some territorial aspects of development of labor migration of the population within the Republic of Tatarstan. We showed the mechanism of attracting and using foreign labor in the region. We studied the factors influencing the use of foreign labor. We paid special attention to the influence of foreign labor migrants employed in the Tatarstan labor market on national security. We identified the most significant problems of ensuring national security in the region during this study. We explored how the migration processes taking place in Russia actively influence the change in the national composition of the population by the example of the Republic of Tatarstan. We showed the factors influencing the migration movement of the population. Taking into account the current trends in the demographic development of the population, the forecast data of the future ethnic composition of the Republic of Tatarstan are presented by 2030. The paper shows how the effective use of own labor resources is complicated by the low territorial mobility of the population of the Republic. In the paper, we studied the dependence of the dynamics of the number of labor resources on the ratio of different nationalities to the population of the republics and their reproduction regimes. To increase the efficiency of attracting and using foreign labor, we presented the necessary recommendations.