Foreword: Fundamental Problems of High Temperature Superconductivity
The conferences “Fundamental Problems of High Temperature Superconductivity” (FPS) have become traditional since the first one in 2004. The problem of high-temperature superconductivity remains highly topical: quite regularly, novel HTS materials come on stage (copper oxide high-Tc superconductors in 1986, magnesium diboride in 2001, iron pnictide and iron chalcogenide compounds in 2008, FeSe monolayers in 2012, and sulfur hydrides in 2014–2015). Achieving progressively higher superconducting transition temperatures remains an encouraging motivation for researchers in the field. Up to now, the highest Tc, 203 K, is achieved for H2S(H3S) pressurized at ∼ 2 Mbar. Nevertheless, a commonly accepted approach to the problem of high-temperature superconductivity is still missing.