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Статья

Ultrafast time measurements by time-correlated single photon counting coupled with superconducting single photon detector

Review of Scientific Instruments. 2016. Vol. 87. No. 5. P. 053117-1-053117-5.
Shcheslavskiy V., Morozov P., Divochiy A., Vakhtomin Y., Smirnov K., Becker W.

Time resolution is one of the main characteristics of the single photon detectors besides quantum efficiency and dark count rate. We demonstrate here an ultrafast time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC)setup consisting of a newly developed single photon counting board SPC-150NX and a superconducting NbN single photon detector with a sensitive area of 7 × 7 μm. The combination delivers a record instrument response function with a full width at half maximum of 17.8 ps and system quantum efficiency ∼15% at wavelength of 1560 nm. A calculation of the root mean square value of the timing jitter for channels with counts more than 1% of the peak value yielded about 7.6 ps. The setup has also good timing stability of thedetector–TCSPC board.