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Of all publications in the section: 3 859
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Working paper
Nataliya Kochkina, Evgeniya Popova. ACEI Working Paper Series. AWP. Association for Cultural Economics International, 2017. No. AWP-06-2017.
In the times of Soviet Union books were a luxury good. This paper examines whether books are still a luxury good in Russia. For this purpose data from one of the Russian book retail chains is used to empirically estimate a general book demand and separate demand models for genres. We focus on estimating income elasticity. For this reason we construct a covariate on the basis of monthly wages of working individuals that reveals consumer income. Moreover, this paper is one of the few which addresses in detail the influence of books content quality on book demand. The main result is that books on average are not luxury goods anymore in Russia. However two genres: foreign prose and poetry are exceptions and can be called luxury goods. We also conclude that quality control covariates (book rating and number of people who rated the book) are important determinants of book demand as they influence significantly the general book demand and the demand models for different genres as well.
Working paper
Malakhovskaya O. A., Minabutdinov A. Economics/EC. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. No. WP BRP 48/EC/2013.
This paper constructs a DSGE model for an economy with commodity exports. We estimate the model on Russian data, making a special focus on quantitative effects of commodity price dynamics. There is a widespread belief that economic activity in Russia crucially depends on oil prices, but quantitative estimates are scarce. We estimate an oil price effect on the Russian economy in the general equilibrium framework. Our framework is similar to those of Kollmann(2001) and Dam and Linaa (2005), but we extend their models by explicitly accounting for oil revenues. In addition to standard supply, demand, cost-push, and monetary policy shocks, we include the shock of commodity export revenues, which are supposed to be like a windfall. The main objective of the paper is to identify the contribution of structural shocks to business cycle fluctuations in the Russian economy. We estimate the parameters and stochastic processes that govern ten structural shocks using Bayesian techniques. The model yields plausible estimates, and the impulse response functions are in line with empirical evidence. We found that despite a strong impact on GDP from commodity export shocks, business cycles in Russia are mostly domestically based
Working paper
Dabrowski M. Bruegel blog. Bruegel blog. Bruegel, 2018
Democracy has not always accompanied market economy. But in modern societies, economic and political freedoms are increasingly interconnected. Democracy and market economy can support each other. This is particularly true in post-communist economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Thus, authoritarian tendencies observed in these and other regions can negatively affect quality of economic policy and governance.
Working paper
Lyusin D., Mohammed A. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2018
The temporal dynamic characteristics of mood play an important role in various aspects of our lives including our psychological health and well-being. It is assumed that the individuals with high emotional intelligence (EI) are characterized by more positive and stable moods. However, most studies analyze how EI is related to emotional traits or momentary assessments of mood; there are almost no findings on EI relationships with mood dynamics. The present study fills this gap. Two research questions were asked. How mood dynamics characteristics are related to each other and to what extent are they independent? Which aspects of EI are related to particular characteristics of mood dynamics? Method. To collect data on mood dynamics, an experience sampling procedure was implemented. Twenty-six female participants reported their mood for two weeks, three times a day, using the EmoS-18 questionnaire. Their emotional intelligence was measured with the EmIn questionnaire. Mean mood scores calculated across all measurement points were regarded as static characteristics showing a mood background typical for the participant. Also, three dynamic characteristics of mood were calculated, namely variability, instability, and inertia. Results. Mood variability and instability were found to be very closely related to each other, measuring essentially the same construct. Inertia is relatively independent. EI was not related to mean mood scores which contradicts the results of other studies and can be explained by the use of the experience sampling procedure. EI was positively related to the inertia of a positive mood with high arousal and a negative mood with low arousal. In addition, a negative relationship between EI and the instability of tension was found. Most of the correlations were low. Further studies with higher statistical power are needed for more decisive conclusions. However, the results show that experience sampling provides new important insights on the role of EI in mood
Working paper
Tatarko A. SEARCH Working Paper. WP5. Университет Барселоны, 2013. No. WP5/04.
This study analyzes the phenomenology of socio-psychological capital viewed as a resource for psychological relations which constitutes the basis for the formation of social capital. A crosscultural analysis of the impact of value orientations on socio-psychological capital has been performed. Based on a sample of 3 ethnic groups (Russians, n = 103; Chechens, n = 100; Ingush, n = 109), it has been demonstrated that although the impact of individual values on socio-psychological capital obeys logic, it may be culture-specific. Values of Self-Transcendence (Benevolence and Universalism) have a positive impact on the socio-psychological capital of a multicultural society, whereas values of Self-Enhancement influence it negatively. Openness to Change values positively influence civic identity but have a negative effect on perceived social capital. Conservation values positively affect the civic (Russian) identity of the representatives of the Ingush ethnic group.
Working paper
Tatarko A. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 03.
This study analyzes the phenomenology of socio-psychological capital viewed as a resource for psychological relations which constitutes the basis for the formation of social capital. A cross-cultural analysis of the impact of value orientations on socio-psychological capital has been performed. Based on a sample of 3 ethnic groups (Russians, n = 103; Chechens, n = 100; Ingush, n = 109), it has been demonstrated that although the impact of individual values on socio-psychological capital obeys logic, it may be culture-specific. Values of Self-Transcendence (Benevolence and Universalism) have a positive impact on the socio-psychological capital of a multicultural society, whereas values of Self-Enhancement influence it negatively. Openness to Change values positively influence civic identity but have a negative effect on perceived social capital. Conservation values positively affect the civic (Russian) identity of the representatives of the Ingush ethnic group.
Working paper
Oshchepkov A. Y. Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin. 750. DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, 2007. No. 750.
Working paper
Piontkovski D. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2014. No. arXiv:1412.8601.
We show that a direct limit of surjections of (weak) Golod--Shafarevich algebras is a weak Golod--Shafarevich algebra as well. This holds both for graded and for filtered algebras provided that the filtrations are induced by the filtration of the first entry of the sequence. It follows that the limit is an algebra of exponential growth. An example shows that the assumptions of this theorem cannot be directly weakened.
Working paper
Liviu O., Verbitsky M. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2010. No. 1002.3473.
We present an overview of recent results in locally conformally K¨ahler geometry, with focus on the topological properties which obstruct the existence of such structures on compact manifolds.
Working paper
Gimpelson V. E., Lukyanova A. IZA Discussion Paper. IZA, 2009. No. 3941.
The paper starts with discussing institutional framework for public sector wage setting in Russia. Given that individual choice of the sector is endogenous to wages, the authors recommend alternative econometric techniques for the public-private wage gap estimation. Applying switching regression that allows correcting for non-random sector selection, the paper provides wage gap estimates for various demographic, occupational, and territorial population subgroups. As it is shown, there is significant cross-group variation in the wage gap. The paper concludes that to eliminate the negative gap wages in the public sector should be linked to the private sector wages at the regional level.
Working paper
Poldnikov D. Law. LAW. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. No. 16/LAW/2013.
The paper suggests several ways to rediscover the legacy of early modern and classical natural law of the 18th century in contemporary legal thought through the joint efforts of legal history and legal theory with particular reference to the domain of contract law. Additionally, the paper justifies the revival of the research in the domain of natural law in connection with legal argumentation.
Working paper
Rudenko D. Cornell University Library, 2014
Our main object of study is a 3−valent graph with a vector function on its edges. The function assignes to an edge a pair of 2−adic integer numbers and satisfies additional condition: the sum of its values on three edges, terminating in the same vertex, is equal to 0. For each vertex of the graph three vectors corresponding to these edges generate a lattice over the ring of 2−adic integers. In this paper we study the restrictions, imposed on these lattices by the combinatorics of the graph. As an application we obtain the following fact: a rational balanced polygon cannot be cut into an odd number of triangles of equal areas. First result of this type was obtained by Paul Monsky in 1970. He proved that a square cannot be cut into an odd number of triangles of equal areas. In 2000 Sherman Stein conjectured that the same holds for any balanced polygon. We prove this conjecture in the case, when coordinates of all vertices of the cut are rational numbers.
Working paper
Hainsworth R., Karminsky A. M., Solodkov V. M. Financial Economics. FE. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 01.
Investors are being encouraged after the global crisis to reduce their dependence on the largest credit rating agencies for risk assessments of companies and securities. Comparing risk assessments from different sources rapidly becomes non-trivial when more than three credit rating agencies are involved. We propose a method for comparing rating scales, and hence constructing correspondence diagrams and tables, thereby treating the rating scales used by different agencies as objects of study. Scales are compared by looking at sets of ratings assigned to similar entities (in this case banks) with the assumption that the risk being measured by each credit rating agency is the same for a given rated entity at a given point in time. Two ratings assigned by two credit rating agencies may differ for two reasons: the two agencies have different opinions about the relative positioning of the rated entity (e.g., issuer or security) with respect to the universe of other rated entities; both agencies position the rated entity with respect to the universe of other rated entities in the same way, but they use different symbols to represent this position. Type 1 differences should disappear when a large number of ratings are considered. The existence of type 2 differences will require a mapping from one rating scale to another. Studying international bank ratings for a five-year period shows that there are type 2 differences for the largest credit rating agencies. A mechanism for constructing mappings between scales could lead to more competition with new credit rating agencies.
Working paper
Vladimir L. Popov. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2014. No. 1409.6330.
A "rational" version of the strengthened form of the Commuting Derivation Conjecture, in which the assumption of commutativity is dropped, is proved. A systematic method of constructing in any dimension greater than 3 the examples answering in the negative a question by M. El Kahoui is developed.
Working paper
Repina A. Science, Technology and Innovation. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2019
Artificial intelligence is having a transformative effect on business world. Among others, legal services industry is susceptible to these transformations, but being a part of the legal system, it adopts novelties more slowly than other service-based industries. The issue of AI acceptance for legal services is widely discussed in Russia. Opportunities and threats of AI implementation are the subjects of academic research, business enquires, experts' assessments, and professional community discussions. Still, all those pieces of evidence are biased by the objectives of specific research and methodology used, mostly have no or little empirical data to ground conclusions on. The absence of empirical evidence on the state-of-theart of AI in legal services and users’ expectations on AI implementation hinders further research in various topics – from legal firms’ management and legal innovations to the lawyering process and access to justice. This paper confirms expert opinions regarding AI technologies and their implementations for legal services, suggesting the cooperation of lawyer and AI in legal service rendering rather than competition. Russian lawyers appear to have the experience of using very advanced AI solutions, including those that are unavailable directly on the Russian market. The expectations of lawyers as users of AI technologies could be described as uncertain, which means that further extension of AI implementation is still a disputable issue.
Working paper
Positselski L. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2011. No. 1012.3735.
We propose a construction of a tensor exact category F_X^m of Artin-Tate motivic sheaves with finite coefficients Z/m over an algebraic variety X (over a field K of characteristic prime to m) in terms of etale sheaves of Z/m-modules over X. Among the objects of F_X^m, in addition to the Tate motives Z/m(j), there are the cohomological relative motives with compact support M_cc^m(Y/X) of varieties Y quasi-finite over X. Exact functors of inverse image with respect to morphisms of algebraic varieties and direct image with compact supports with respect to quasi-finite morphisms of varieties Y\to X act on the exact categories F_X^m. Assuming the existence of triangulated categories of motivic sheaves DM(X,Z/m) over algebraic varities X over K and a weak version of the "six operations" in these categories, we identify F_X^m with the exact subcategory in DM(X,Z/m) consisting of all the iterated extensions of the Tate twists M_cc^m(Y/X)(j) of the motives M_cc^m(Y/X). An isomorphism of the Z/m-modules Ext between the Tate motives Z/m(j) in the exact category F_X^m with the motivic cohomology modules predicted by the Beilinson-Lichtenbaum etale descent conjecture (recently proven by Voevodsky, Rost, et al.) holds for smooth varieties X over K if and only if the similar isomorphism holds for Artin-Tate motives over fields containing K. When K contains a primitive m-root of unity, the latter condition is equivalent to a certain Koszulity hypothesis, as it was shown in our previous paper.
Working paper
Nenko A. (., Basov N. Working Papers of Centre for German and European Studies (CGES). ISSN 1860-5680. SPbSU, University of Bielefeld, Centre for German and European Studies (CGES), 2013. No. 8.
Artists are among the key knowledge-generating actors in the city space,  particularly when they join in collectives. Knowledge creation in artistic groups  goes in constant (re-)interpretation of the essence of art, discussions on the  themes and formats for artworks, continuous interaction during collective  creative processes and the presentation of artworks in the city space. This  study explores the opportunities for semantic network analysis to shed light on  the knowledge structures underlying the creative practices of artistic  communities. Combining a set of quantitative and qualitative techniques, we  study the case of the artistic community “La Escocesa” located in Barcelona,  Spain. To map semantic networks as relations between co-occurring concepts,  texts of semi-structured interviews with the artists are used.1  Interpretation of  the structures is given with regard to the qualitative data collected during a field  study, and links the knowledge structures revealed to the peculiar  characteristics of the creative processes in the community, such as positioning  and identification, format of creative practices, engagement of publics,  community localization in a co-habilitation space and the broader urban  context.
Working paper
Brown F., Levin A. math. arxive. Cornell University, 2013. No.  1110.6917 [.
Abstract. We study the de Rham fundamental group of the configuration sp ace of several  marked points on a complex elliptic curve, and define multiple elliptic polylogarithms. These are multivalued functions with unipotent monodromy, and are constructed by a general averaging proce dure. We show that all iterated integrals on this configuration space can be expressed in terms of these functions.
It is well--known that certain properties of continuous functions on the circle $\mathbb T$, related to the Fourier expansion, can be improved by a change of variable, i.e., by a homeomorphism of the circle onto itself. One of the results in this area is the Jurkat--Waterman theorem on conjugate functions, which improves the classical Bohr--Pal theorem.  In the present work we provide a short and technically very simple proof of the Jurkat--Waterman theorem. Our approach yields a stronger result.