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Of all publications in the section: 121
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Working paper
Леман Х., Раззолини Т., Зайцева А. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. № 01.

Having unique data we investigate informal employment and “envelope payments” as additional costs of worker displacement in the Russian labor market. In particular we analyze whether displaced workers experience
more involuntary informal employment than their non-displaced counterparts. Our main results confirm
our contention that displacement entraps some of the workers in involuntary informal employment. Those who quit, in turn, experience voluntary informality for the most part, but there seems a minority of quitting workers who end up in involuntary informal jobs. This scenario does not fall on all the workers who separate but predominantly on workers with low human capital. Being able to distinguish between involuntary and voluntary informal employment our study contributes to the debate in the informality literature on the issue of segmented versus integrated labor markets. We also pursue the issue of informality persistence and find that informal employment is indeed persistent as some workers churn from one informal job to the next. Job separations in general and not displacement events per se are associated with larger “envelope payments”.

Added: Dec 26, 2012
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2020. № 4.
Recently, Universal Basic Income (UBI) has become one of the most hotly debated issues in both academic and publicistic literature. The paper describes the conceptual core of this project, critically evaluates the philosophical, moral and economic arguments put forward both “for” and “against” it, and summarizes evidence on implementation of social programs close to it “in spirit”. It is emphasized that UBI should be viewed as a global politico-philosophical and ethico-economic project. This explains why its full-fledged version has never been put into practice anywhere and the consequences of its real introduction are unknown. The analysis is conducted in a comparative institutional perspective, which allows us to highlight the most important differences between this scheme and alternative forms of social support. Three lines of its justification are discussed – normative, positive and “alarmist” (referring to negative processes in the labor market) ones. The author concludes that UBI has no future as a real program of action. This project contradicts the latest trends in the evolution of welfare state; the costs associated with it are fiscally unbearable; most people perceive it as morally unacceptable. Most likely, UBI awaits for the fate of another cabinet utopia.
Added: Jul 27, 2020
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. № 06.
Today most of the countries are experiencing fast population aging that will last the entire XXI century. Its economic effects are multifarious and in a large part will shape further dynamics of the global economy not only in the short- or medium- but also in the long-run. Unfortunately Russian economists and politicians hardly aware how diverse are economic consequences of population aging since their attention is focused on its narrow purely pragmatic dimensions (such as raising of pension age, deficit of the Russian Pension Fund etc.). The paper provides a broad overview of major economic effects of population aging in both theoretical and empirical perspectives. It examines a place of aging in the process of the demographic transition and forecasts its expected trends in subsequent decades for a few countries including Russia. Next it critically reviews different versions of dependency/support ratios – demographic and economic; chronological and prospective; non-adjusted and adjusted for differences by age in labor income and per capita consumption. A special attention is paid to a basic scheme of relationships between key demographic and macroeconomic variables that highlights how population aging might affect employment, labor productivity, capital intensity, wages, returns to capital, investment and savings. Some additional effects are also analyzed such as prospective changes in labor supply, human capital accumulation, technological change, real interest, inflation. A general conclusion is that population aging is not per se a fundamental economic challenge that should endanger society’s welfare. Real dangers arise from existing institutions providing support for elderly which were established in the early to mid 20 century under completely different demographic and economic condition.
Added: Nov 30, 2018
Working paper
Лукьянова А. Л., Белоконная Л. А., Гимпельсон В. Е. и др. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2007. № WP3/2007/05.
Added: May 14, 2013
Working paper
Вишневская Н. Т., Куликов О. В. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2008. № 04.
In Russia, the wage setting mechanism is still under transformation. Among the institutions that form the wage system, the industry level bargaining is among the less explored. The main motivation of this paper is to analyze the role of industry-level tariff agreements in wage set­ting process. The paper examines the procedure of industry-wide negotiations, main institution­al characteristics of the agreements concluded by social partners, the interrelations of industry-level agreements, on the one hand, with the upper level agreements (on federal and regional lev­els) and, on the other, with company-level bargaining. Special sections study the peculiarities of wage setting on industry-level and the enforcement of agreements reached between employer or­ganizations and trade unions. The final part of the paper contains the analysis of economic con­sequences of Russian system of wage determination.
Added: Oct 13, 2012
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Капелюшников Р. И., Лукьянова А. Л. и др. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2009. № 05.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Зинченко Д. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2019. № 2311.
The article focuses on the wage formation of workers in the pre-retirement and retirement age in Russia. For this, the authors analyze age-wage profile and wage differentiation within and between age groups. The study exploits the Sample Survey of Household Incomes and Participation in Social Programs for 2016 which has a large sample and covers all groups of employed in the economy. It measures wages payed during the year 2015, thus allowing estimates for annual as well as hourly wages. Multiple previous studies across developed countries come to consensus that wages tend to grow over age until late in life, though with decreasing pace. However, this pattern does not show up in Russian data. Earnings peak early in working life and then decline monotonically. By their pre-retirement age, Russian workers find themselves on the declining wage trend. Though this “deviation” from stylized facts has already been noted in the literature, we explore it using the new and more comprehensive dataset. In addition, our analysis deals with annual earnings as well as hourly wage rates, and it explores trends in hours worked over age. The findings suggest that wage differentiation tends to be higher among older age workers reflecting stronger selection into employment with age. Given the forecast of changes in the age composition of employment by 2025–2030 and assuming stability of the age-wage profile, we can expect non-trivial reallocation of the aggregate wage fund to the benefit of the middle age group of workers while the old age group is likely be unaffect.
Added: Jul 19, 2019
Working paper
Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2009. № 02.
Using the data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS), the paper investigates the changes in individual earnings over the period 2000–2005. Our results suggest that the magnitude of earnings mobility is significantly higher in Russia than in advanced market economies. Mobility leads to a sizable reduction in long-term inequality. We find that inequality in earnings cumulated over a six-year period is 10–20% lower than in cross-sections. The bottom and the top deciles of the distribution contribute most to the reduction in inequality due to larger changes in the absolute earnings. However, larger changes in relative positions are more likely in the middle of the distribution. We demonstrate that job changes are one of the major determinants of faster growth of relative earnings in Russia. This finding can be related to high dispersion of earnings within narrow professional groups and inefficiency of promotion mechanisms in internal labour markets.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Ощепков А. Ю., Трофимова Т. А., Яблонскене Н. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2019
This study is aimed to describe the current state of aff airs in teaching econometrics / applied economics in Russian regional universities. It is based on a survey of regional university teach-ers who were enrolled in training programs of the Yegor Gaidar Foundation in 2017–2019. This survey included questions related to the participants’ teaching experience as well as their own experience in studying econometrics that they had before the program and their research experi-ence. Participants were also asked to formulate what they have learned during the program. The analysis of the answers received confi rms the well-known opinion that regional universities are lagging behind in training and qualifi cation in the fi eld of applied econometrics / economics from leading metropolitan universities, but this lag looks neither crucial nor chronic.
Added: Jun 25, 2019
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2002. № 01.
Added: Mar 26, 2013
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2019. № 01.
Added: Feb 25, 2019
Working paper
Полетаев А. В. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2003. № 06.
Added: Mar 27, 2013
Working paper
Шарунина А. В. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. № WP3/2012/07.
Added: Nov 14, 2012