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Of all publications in the section: 103
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Working paper
Grigoryev D. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2016. No. 58.
This  article  presents  the  results  of  a  study  on  the  relationship  of  acculturation  profiles  of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium, the duration of their stay in the host country, and their  level  of  socio-economic  adaptation.  The  data  obtained  is  the  result  of  a  socio-psychological survey of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium and was processed using latent  profile  analysis  (LPA).  It  was  obtained  from three  groups  of  immigrants  with relevant  acculturation  profiles:  integration,  assimilation  and  separation.  It  was  found  that orientation toward the host society (assimilation and integration) has a positive association with a high level of socio-economic adaptation among immigrants, but the level of socio-economic adaptation for the group of immigrants with an assimilation profile is higher than that  for  the  group  of  immigrants  with  an  integration  profile.  Also,  the level  of  socio-economic adaptation is higher for immigrants who have stayed in the host country for more than 5 years.
Added: Feb 29, 2016
Working paper
Sawada T. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2019
It is commonly believed that the visual system requires oculomotor information to perceive depth from binocular disparity. However, any effect of the oculomotor information on depth perception is too restricted to explain depth perception under natural viewing conditions. In this study, I describe a computational model that can recover depth from a stereo-pair of retinal images without using any oculomotor information. The model shows that, at least from a computational perspective, any oculomotor information is not necessary for perceiving depth from the stereo retinal images.
Added: Apr 20, 2019
Working paper
Lovakov A., Agadullina E. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 18/PSY/2014.
The aim of this study is to examine the validity and reliability of the Leach et al. model of in-group identification in 2 studies of Russian samples. In study 1, the confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the hierarchical model of in-group identification, which included the second-order factors of self-definition (individual self-stereotyping, and in-group homogeneity) and self-investment (satisfaction, solidarity, and centrality) fitted the data well for all four group identities (ethnic, religious, university, and gender) and was a better fit than the alternative models. In study 2, we examined the construct validity and reliability of the Russian version of in-group identification measure. Results show that these measure have adequate psychometric properties. In short, our results show that the Leach et al. model is reproduced in Russian culture. The Russian version of this measure can be used in future in-group research conducted using Russian-language samples.
Added: May 21, 2014
Working paper
Elena B. Starovoytenko. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. No. 15.
“Achieving oneself” is not a subject of a systematic scientific research in Russian personality psychology. The goal of the current study is to justify the significance of such research in current socio-cultural and scientific context. “Achieving oneself” is understood in this paper as an integral reflectively mediated fulfillment of the I’s potential in leading vital relations hips of a person. The field of study is “the new personology”, the method is hermeneutics. This study offers a reflective model of the I’s potential towards the Other and presents an application of this model to the analysis of the process of achieving one self in a loving relationship.
Added: Jan 28, 2014
Working paper
Nedelko A., Лупова О. А., Gorin A. et al. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2017. No. 77.
In this paper, a novel application of the event-related potential (ERP) method is proposed. The authors applied an N400 evoked potential for brand perception analysis, particularly for brand associations. Traditionally, N400 has been used as a marker of semantic incongruence of a word to a context. The N400 activity is manifested in a more negative deflection of ERP response to incongruent stimuli. We recorded N400 in response to congruent and incongruent sentence endings in marketing and non-marketing contexts, respectively. In the main experimental condition, congruent and incongruent brand associations (nouns) presented before brand names were selected from real marketing campaigns building brand communities. In the control semantic memory N400 condition, the incongruent sentence endings evoked significant fronto- centrally distributed N400 brain response at 300–500 ms. The N400 response in the brand association condition was delayed for 250 ms compared to incongruent words in the context of short sentences and appeared in the central brain area. In this study, we showed for the first time the possibility of applying the N400 method to identify the strength of brand associations using ecologically valid stimuli.   
Added: Nov 30, 2017
Working paper
Gutkin B., Keramati M., Girardeau P. et al. the preprint server for biology. код неизвестен, зарубежная публикация. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 2015
Drugs of abuse implicate both reward learning and homeostatic regulation mechanisms of the brain. Theories of addiction, thus, have mostly depicted this phenomenon as pathology in either habit-based learning system or homeostatic mechanisms. Showing the limits of those accounts, we hypothesize that compulsive drug seeking arises from drugs hijacking a system that integrates homeostatic regulation mechanism with goal-directed action/behavior. Building upon a recently developed homeostatic reinforcement learning theory, we present a computational theory proposing that cocaine reinforces goal-directed drug-seeking due to its rapid homeostatic corrective effect, whereas its chronic use induces slow and long-lasting changes in homeostatic setpoint. Our theory accounts for key behavioral and neurobiological features of addiction, most notably, escalation of cocaine use, drug-primed craving and relapse, and individual differences underlying susceptibility to addiction. The theory also generates unique predictions about the mechanisms of cocaine-intake regulation and about cocaine-primed craving and relapse that are confirmed by new experiments.  
Added: Jan 29, 2016
Working paper
Lovakov A. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 30/PSY/2014.
The aim of this study is to examine the specific antecedents and consequences of the commitment of university teachers to their university. Academia has specific features that distinguish universities from other types of organizations: universities have the opportunity to hire their own graduates (academic inbreeding); university teachers are able to work in several higher education institutions or combine teaching with work in business; university teachers have the opportunity to combine several professional roles (teaching, administrative work, research, etc.); university teachers have several options to change their job; publication activity is an important indicator of the efficiency and competitiveness of university teachers. This study is an online survey of 317 teachers of different disciplines from several types of state higher education institutions from different regions of Russia. The results of the regression analysis show that antecedents of affective commitment include belonging to a group of insiders (working in university from which they graduated), having an additional administrative position, role clarity, and role conflict. Structural equation modelling shows that an additional administrative position had a direct positive effect and an indirect negative effect (through role conflict) on the affective commitment to the university. Having work experience at another university predicts only a normative commitment to the university. The affective component of commitment to the university was a better negative predictor of the intention to leave the position, profession and institution. No components of the commitment predict publication activity.
Added: Jan 20, 2015
Working paper
Lyusin D., Mohammed A. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2018
The temporal dynamic characteristics of mood play an important role in various aspects of our lives including our psychological health and well-being. It is assumed that the individuals with high emotional intelligence (EI) are characterized by more positive and stable moods. However, most studies analyze how EI is related to emotional traits or momentary assessments of mood; there are almost no findings on EI relationships with mood dynamics. The present study fills this gap. Two research questions were asked. How mood dynamics characteristics are related to each other and to what extent are they independent? Which aspects of EI are related to particular characteristics of mood dynamics? Method. To collect data on mood dynamics, an experience sampling procedure was implemented. Twenty-six female participants reported their mood for two weeks, three times a day, using the EmoS-18 questionnaire. Their emotional intelligence was measured with the EmIn questionnaire. Mean mood scores calculated across all measurement points were regarded as static characteristics showing a mood background typical for the participant. Also, three dynamic characteristics of mood were calculated, namely variability, instability, and inertia. Results. Mood variability and instability were found to be very closely related to each other, measuring essentially the same construct. Inertia is relatively independent. EI was not related to mean mood scores which contradicts the results of other studies and can be explained by the use of the experience sampling procedure. EI was positively related to the inertia of a positive mood with high arousal and a negative mood with low arousal. In addition, a negative relationship between EI and the instability of tension was found. Most of the correlations were low. Further studies with higher statistical power are needed for more decisive conclusions. However, the results show that experience sampling provides new important insights on the role of EI in mood
Added: Apr 9, 2018
Working paper
Tatarko A. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 03.
This study analyzes the phenomenology of socio-psychological capital viewed as a resource for psychological relations which constitutes the basis for the formation of social capital. A cross-cultural analysis of the impact of value orientations on socio-psychological capital has been performed. Based on a sample of 3 ethnic groups (Russians, n = 103; Chechens, n = 100; Ingush, n = 109), it has been demonstrated that although the impact of individual values on socio-psychological capital obeys logic, it may be culture-specific. Values of Self-Transcendence (Benevolence and Universalism) have a positive impact on the socio-psychological capital of a multicultural society, whereas values of Self-Enhancement influence it negatively. Openness to Change values positively influence civic identity but have a negative effect on perceived social capital. Conservation values positively affect the civic (Russian) identity of the representatives of the Ingush ethnic group.
Added: Jul 9, 2012
Working paper
Lyusin D. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2018
The well-known modern dimensional models of affect include two or three dimensions. They are typically based on self-reports using English emotion terms. It remains unclear to what extent these models can be applied to different cultures and languages. The present study is aimed at finding the dimensions underlying the descriptions of emotional states in Russian and suggests a structural model of affect based on these findings. At the first stage, a comprehensive list of Russian nouns denoting emotional states was compiled. It comprised 330 words and was reduced to a list of 56 words. At the second stage, participants rated their emotional states using this list. The exploratory factor analysis yielded three dimensions that underlay participant descriptions of the emotional states – negative affect with low activation, positive affect with high activation, and tension. This model is compared to other structural models of affect and its special features are discussed. This model can be used for developing Russian-based measures for the assessment of mood.
Added: Apr 9, 2018
Working paper
Chernyshev B. V., Lazarev I. E., Иванов М. В. et al. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2012. No. 6.
Added: Oct 21, 2014
Working paper
Chernyshev B. V., Lazarev I., Иванов М. В. et al. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 06.
The causes of everyday errors made by most people remain largely unknown. In order to investigate spontaneous lapses in attentional processing a new task was designed. This task creates an increased attentional load because it is based on impeded decision making involving both stimuli feature binding and response selection. Participants made errors  in 9.6 ± 1.1% of trials and re-sponse omissions in 5.4 ± 0.7% of trials. In the ERP pattern the N1 and P2 peaks were well pronounced, while P3 peak was almost indistinguishable. The P2 peak was greater in trials with errors and response omissions compared to correct responses. The results obtained substantiate the hypothesis that attentional lapses may be a consequence of mind-wandering, which may compete with the overt task for the attentional resources.  
Added: Jan 17, 2013
Working paper
Fedotova (Goldyreva) V. A. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. No. 44.
The paper demonstrates the results of a study which aimed to identify the relationship between individual values and attitude towards innovation. 380 respondents, young and adult representatives of the Russian population, took part in the research. The respondents belonged to the younger generation (under 25 years old) or to the adult generation (over 45 years old). The principal instrument used was the method of questionnaires. The methodic inventory consists of three main blocks oriented to the study of the following constructs: the PVQ-R method of measuring individual values (Schwartz et al., 2011) and the method of “Self-assessment of innovative qualities of a personality” (Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009).The goal of the research is to reveal the age differences in values and attitudes towards innovation, and to find out which values determine positive or negative attitude towards innovations among representatives of different generations of Russians. The younger generation values " Self-Direction Thought", "Stimulation", "Achievement", " Power Dominance" stimulate the adoption of innovations.
Added: Oct 23, 2015
Working paper
Панюшева Т. Д., Efremova M. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2012. No. 4.
The aim of this study is to validate a Russian version of the Schwartz Value Survey using cognitive interviewing. This paper aims to explore the issue of whether respondents interpret the values proposed in the survey in the way intended by the author. An analysis of the results reveals problems with understanding the wording, which are due both to subtle differences in translation and the cultural context. The findings of the qualitative analysis allow for a better understanding of the quantitative data. A number of recommendations are given to the researchers applying this Russian-language SVS.
Added: Dec 13, 2012
Working paper
Orel E., Kochergina E. V., Nye J. V. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2013
  We study which Big Five personality traits are associated with academic performance among a sample of Russian university students using results from the Unified State Examination (for university admissions) and their current grade point averages as measures of academic performance. We find that Introversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, and Openness to experience have observable ties to academic performance. Those results partially confirm existing international studies, but our findings are notable for the relative unimportance of  conscientiousness for success in our Russian sample. We suggest that cross-cultural differences  in educational environment may explain why this trait seems less obviously important in the analysis.
Added: May 20, 2013
Working paper
Orel E., Куликова Алена Александровна. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2016. No. WP BRP 66/PSY/2016 .
Recent research indicates that behavioral problems may lead to low academic performance. The present study is aimed to discover, what differences exist between primary school students who meet a sufficient number of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) criteria and those who do not experience any behavioral problems, in terms of academic achievements in reading and mathematics, annual progress in these subjects and personal, social and emotional development, based on the Russian sample of first-graders. This paper is a part of Russian iPIPS project and the instruments developed as part of this study were used. The sample consists of 3021 first-graders from two big regions of the Russian Federation. The results showed significant differences in both cognitive and social-emotional development but no differences in annual progress. The absence of differences in progress means that the development of children with behavior problems within the school system goes with the same speed but from the lower start level compared to other children. The results of the study provide important knowledge for the teachers and open a large area of further investigations in the field of ADHD in Russian school settings.
Added: Jan 24, 2017
Working paper
Priestley Y., Beknazar-Yuzbashev G. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. No. 52.
Political attitudes and positions may tend to change in critical and unstable times, especially for young minds. Social environment of individuals, mostly presented by their social networks, has significant impact on their evaluations. The relationship between political views and social affiliations is difficult to analyze: do people influence each other’s opinions so that they shift over time, or do their political attitudes act as a ground for attraction of individuals to each other and social network construction? In this research, we use longitudinal attitudinal and network data on a sample of one hundred first-year students, analyzed with social network analysis methods and structural-equation modeling. We found tendencies to conformity and shifting individuals’ positions toward the political views of their peers, formed by friendship, rather than by study task ties. Also, political attitudes are appeared to be a driver of relationships formation. 
Added: Dec 8, 2015
Working paper
Gutkin B., Keramati M. the preprint server for biology. код не известен, зарубежная публикация. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 2014
Efficient regulation of internal homeostasis and defending it against perturbations requires complex behavioral strategies. However, the computational principles mediating brain’s homeostatic regulation of reward and associative learning remain undefined. Here we use a definition of primary rewards, as outcomes fulfilling physiological needs, to build a normative theory showing how learning motivated behavior is modulated by the internal state of the animal. The theory proves that seeking rewards is equivalent to the fundamental objective of physiological stability, defining the notion of physiological rationality of behavior. We further give a formal basis for temporal discounting of reward. It also explains how animals learn to act predictively to preclude prospective homeostatic challenges, and attributes a normative computational role to the modulation of midbrain dopaminergic activity by hypothalamic signals.  
Added: Jan 29, 2016
Working paper
Nikita A. Novikov, Dmitri V. Bryzgalov, Anna A. Lapina et al. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. No. WP BRP 56/PSY/2015.
Successful performance in complex tasks depends upon the functioning of the cognitive control system involving the maintenance of sustained attention, retention and activation of task rules, as well as the inhibition of preliminary responses. Failure of any of these functions can lead to performance errors. In this study, we investigated behavioral data obtained from participants performing the auditory condensation task, which is highly demanding of the level of cognitive control but does not require participants to inhibit or override any prepotent automatic responses. We identified pre-error speeding and error slowing, while post-error slowing was not evident. Our results suggest that there are three factors contributing to the variability within the behavioral measures obtained. The first factor is related to the overall response latency, the second to the main individual mechanism of performance errors, and the third to the subject’s ability to increase motor threshold in the event of uncertainty and choice ambiguity. The data obtained evidence that the auditory condensation task is a promising model for studying cognitive control.
Added: Dec 22, 2015
Working paper
Utochkin I. S. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2013
Guided search is a mechanism that controls and optimizes the deployment of attention during visual search and allows one to pay attention only to highly relevant items. For instance, when searching for a conjunction of two features, we are able to select a feature-marked subset (e.g., all items sharing same color) prior to focusing attention on particular items. Standard models assume that only separate features can guide attention since they are only available at the preattentive stage of visual analysis and no conjunction information is available at that stage. Here I show that search performance is affected by both the distribution of features across the visual field and their conjunctions in particular items. It appears that people are unable to use “pure”, unbound features for selecting relevant subsets. This major finding requires reconsidering the standard models of guided search. The concept of distributed attention, which represents multiple items as imperfectly bound objects, seems promising in explaining this finding.
Added: Sep 6, 2013
Working paper
Porshnev A., Sircova A., Hartmut G. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 05.
The Integration of Russia into European educational space invoke many questions, one of them is a cross-cultural universality of learning motivation. In this paper we discuss the methodology of a learning motivation traits questionnaire and results of its cross-cultural validation at the sample of 332 German and 865 Russian students. In our study we found measurement invariance of intrinsic orientation, test anxiety and performance avoidance scales of Russian and German form of questionnaire. We showed also invariance of learning motivation traits structure. At the same time we found differences in extrinsic orientations of Russian and German students.
Added: Jan 17, 2013