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Of all publications in the section: 244
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Working paper
Sokolov P., Ivanova J. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2012. No. 08.
This article examines the relation of two models of civil science in the early modern political literature: the rhetorical science of contingency (rhetorica primaria), and mathesis politica, associated with Descartes by some early Enlightenment authors. The authors analyze the reception of the rhetorical aspect of Hobbes’s civil science with a special focus on Vico’s criticism of Hobbes’s constructivist state model, showing how Vico counters the Hobbesian ‘protosociological’ style of theorizing with his own historical way of reflecting on the social and ‘open’ structure of political action.
Added: Nov 22, 2012
Working paper
Grigoryev D. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2016. No. 58.
This  article  presents  the  results  of  a  study  on  the  relationship  of  acculturation  profiles  of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium, the duration of their stay in the host country, and their  level  of  socio-economic  adaptation.  The  data  obtained  is  the  result  of  a  socio-psychological survey of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium and was processed using latent  profile  analysis  (LPA).  It  was  obtained  from three  groups  of  immigrants  with relevant  acculturation  profiles:  integration,  assimilation  and  separation.  It  was  found  that orientation toward the host society (assimilation and integration) has a positive association with a high level of socio-economic adaptation among immigrants, but the level of socio-economic adaptation for the group of immigrants with an assimilation profile is higher than that  for  the  group  of  immigrants  with  an  integration  profile.  Also,  the level  of  socio-economic adaptation is higher for immigrants who have stayed in the host country for more than 5 years.
Added: Feb 29, 2016
Working paper
Sergey L. Barinov, Petr K. International Relations. IR. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2014
Euroregions is an important and quite popular mechanism of cross-border cooperation. Character of institutions development differs essentially between three groups of states, which use this mechanism: old members of the European Union; new members of the European Union (entered the EU after 2003); CIS members. This comparative research is concerned with the main circumstances of euroregions development in three areas noted above. The analyses show the fundamental differences between three Euroregion cases: Oresund, Pskov-Livonia and Dnieper. Those differences are noticeable in legislative basic, financing, cooperation issues, and even in four basic Euroregions principles realizing. Meanwhile we see that after fifteen years of copying the Euroregions in post-soviet countries the positive shifts occur in CIS members’ government perception and in the decision making process.
Added: Oct 11, 2014
Working paper
Piskunova N. African Horn: Security Challenged. 111. The Edwin Mellen Press, 2014
This monograph  reviews key challenges to security in the region of North-East Africa, specifically in the area of the African Horn region. The issues discussed in this book, include the problems of soft security in this region, namely the problem of democratic transitions and hybrid regimes, terrorism and radicalization of muslim organizations, foreign policy issues and conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea in 1998-2000, issue of state failure in Somalia and other related issues.
Added: May 6, 2014
Working paper
Kazun A. D., Kazun A. Political Science. PS. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. No. WP BRP 51/PS/2017.
Donald Trump and his team have often been accused of having close ties to Russia and Russians expressed much greater support for Trump than residents of other countries. This article provides the first systematic analysis of Russian media coverage of Trump's activities during and after the election campaign. It concludes, on the basis of a sentiment analysis of relevant articles and network agendas of 500 Russian magazines and 250 leading federal newspapers, that Trump's media portrayal was not necessarily positive. During the election, Trump was portrayed by the Russian media not as Russia's favorite candidate, but as Hillary Clinton's opponent and a critic of U.S. recent policies. Only for a short period after Trump's victory in the elections, did the Russian media represent him as a friend of Russia, since there was hope that the new president would lift political and economic sanctions. Trump's policies failed to meet the expectations of the Russian people, and from the beginning of 2017, media coverage of Trump has become critical, hopes for lifting of political sanctions have weakened, and public opinion about the U.S. president has turned negative.
Added: Nov 13, 2017
Working paper
Kazun A. D. Political Science. PS. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. No. WP BRP 49/PS/2017.
The purpose of this study is to test the agenda-setting theory, according to which the media has a significant impact on what people consider to be important events. We compare the results of the Levada Center surveys on the most memorable events of the month with the number of publications on these issues in the press. We focused on the period from January 2014 to December 2016. A total of 884 events were analyzed in the article. The results of the study confirm the impact of discussions in the media on people's attention to the problem. The results also show that the discussions in the media one week before the date of polling are more important than the issues covered over the entire month. People better remember those events which took place shortly before the polling, as well as the events the discussion of which intensified during this period. It is also important to note the role of regional publications in the sensitization of the public to various issues. The issues covered by the national newspapers and news agencies, but ignored by the regional press, are much worse remembered by the population. The results of the study are controlled for background of the discussion: the presence of important events in each relevant month, which monopolized the public attention, is taken into account.
Added: Sep 6, 2017
Working paper
Plisetskaya A. D. Linguistics. WP BRP. НИУ ВШЭ, 2013. No. WP BRP 03/LNG/2013.
This article focuses on the presidential rhetoric of Russian and American leaders at the end of their latest campaigns, taking their victory speeches given immediately after winning their respective elections as examples. The comparative cross-cultural research presented in this study includes cognitive, corpus, and rhetorical approaches and is carried out within the framework of critical discourse analysis. The interconnection between language, culture and politics is evident through metaphors used by national leaders. The metaphor THE RUSSIAN NATION IS AT WAR reconstructed in President Putin’s victory speech is quite different from the metaphor THE AMERICAN NATION IS ONE FAMILY found in President Obama’s victory speech. Archetypal metaphors found in both speeches reflect public values that turn out to be highly contrastive and explain some cultural and political differences between the great powers.
Added: Jan 17, 2014
Working paper
Proskuryakova L., Meissner D., Rudnik P. Science, Technology and Innovation. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. 26/STI/2014 .
The paper offers a taxonomy of the technology platforms (TPs) to help assess a platform’s risk level. TPs are seen as a valuable policy instrument that assists a multi-stakeholder formulation and implementation of long-term R&D programs in specific technology areas at economy or industry level. The TPs analysis and the taxonomy are based on the industrial economic perspective and contribute to defining and implementing technology platforms above the company level. In practical terms the results of the study may be used by policy-makers in designing the R&D support measures. Moreover, the paper clarifies the role of TPs in the science, technology and innovation policy mix. The authors trace the evolution of the ‘technology platform’ concept from an instrument used by companies for R&D and innovation management towards a policy instrument used for technology and economic development at national and international levels. The authors propose a theoretical approach to TPs as a science, technology and innovation policy concept. Furthermore the paper offers a case-study of Russia’s newly established Technology Platforms.
Added: Apr 21, 2014
Working paper
Hassanpour N. Comparative Politics, Peace and Conflict Studies. PS. academia.edu, 2014
Motivated by dichotomous scholarly results on the conflict-communication nexus, I compare the predictions of two competing theories of urban conflict based on coordination and contagion. I exploit a quasi-experimental intervention in the Syrian nation-wide communications in November 2012 along with a geolocated dataset of daily conflict locations (n= 627) in Damascus to build a panel (n= 275 days x 252 spatial units = 69,300), to show that disruption of communications coincided with an unprecedented increase in the geographic dispersion of conflict. Furthermore, while compared to pro-regime atrocities rebel activity was more spread in space and time, lack of coordination meant more spatiotemporal clustering: a combination of global dispersion and local clustering defined the insurgency. On average, one additional prior incident in the spatiotemporal vicinity translated to 25% higher rates of recurrence. In addition to detecting significant spatiotemporal spillover of violence, I show that the contagion was effectively activated during the blackout.
Added: Dec 14, 2016
Working paper
Dabrowski M. Bruegel blog. Bruegel blog. Bruegel, 2018
Democracy has not always accompanied market economy. But in modern societies, economic and political freedoms are increasingly interconnected. Democracy and market economy can support each other. This is particularly true in post-communist economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Thus, authoritarian tendencies observed in these and other regions can negatively affect quality of economic policy and governance.
Added: Nov 23, 2018
Working paper
Oshchepkov A. Y. Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin. 750. DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, 2007. No. 750.
Added: Oct 29, 2012
Working paper
Sakharov A. G., Shelepov A. V., Safonkina E. et al. International Relations. WP BRP. НИУ ВШЭ, 2015
The 2014 Australian presidency took place against the backdrop of multiple challenges in both global economy and international politics, with Ukrainian crisis, Syrian conflict, Islamic State, and Ebola. Thus, despite being an economic forum, the G20 could not avoid addressing these issues, with discussions taking place during the bilateral meetings and on the sidelines of the forum. The article attempts to analyze the Australian G20 Presidency within a functional paradigm, assessing G20 performance on the three main objectives of plurilateral summitry institutions: strengthening capacity for political leadership to launch new ideas and overcome deadlocks; reconciling domestic and international pressures; and consolidating collective management. The analysis revealed that, despite a number of setbacks, the 2014 Australian presidency managed to steer the G20 members’ cooperation on the four major pillars of the institution’s agenda, reflecting a consistently high level of the G20 commitment to fulfilling its key mission of ensuring strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth.  The research was carried out with financial support of Russian Humanities Research Foundation within the framework of a research project “Elaborating a Supply – Demand Model to Balance External Demand and National Priorities in the Presidency Proposals for Agenda in G20, G8 and BRICS”, project  №12-03-00563.  
Added: Sep 4, 2015
Working paper
Hassanpour N. Comparative Politics. PS. academia.edu, 2016
Why did the Russian experiment with electoral democracy fail in the early Twentieth century? I examine the results of the elections to the first Duma in 1906 on the province (Guberniya) level in conjunction with the socioeconomic data from the 1897 national census, in order to show that at the onset of the first Duma elections, economic class partitions, an emblem of the radical oppositional campaign, mapped only onto the Center Right party politics of the Octobrists, not the rest of the political spectrum. The Bolshevik vote distribution on the Guberniya level in the 1917 elections to the Constituent Assembly, on the other hand, reveals significant correlations with those of the Octobrists’ in 1906. For both parties, the industrial sector, in contrast to the agricultural workforce, provided a significant boost in the votes. The same reinforcing link between the electorate and the Duma was severed, following interventions in favor of the landed elite from 1907 onward.
Added: Dec 14, 2016
Working paper
Smyth R., Sobolev A. S., Soboleva I. V. Political Science. PS. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. WP BRP 05/PS/2012.
The paper illustrates the governement’s agility in response to opposition protests and the debacle of parliamentary elections. We explore the evolution of Kremlin strategies from a reliance on cooptation to more coercive strategies—a trend that continued after Putin’s election in March. These strategies were successful in mobilizing core voters, creating common identity among participants, and containing the electoral effects of the opposition protests. However, the governement’s’s strategy also embodied significant costs that are likely to have longer-term influences and did little to build a true movement of regime loyalists. The Kremlin’s rigid definition of both the symbols and rhetoric of Putinism left little room for participants to participate in the production of symbols and language. While the narratives imposed from above help Putin’s supporters to participate in political life in limited ways, they remain unable to formulate and articulate independent political positions. As a result, supporters remain highly dependent on the state. Deprived of the benefit of hearing supporters’ demands, this strategy also leaves the state in peril of further losing touch with its political base.
Added: Jan 22, 2013
Working paper
Okunev I. Training Program for Russian Policy and Opinion Makers. Policy Papers. Instytut Spraw Publicznych, 2011. No. 2.
Added: Mar 11, 2013
Working paper
Di Puppo L. Silk Road Papers. Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program, 2010
One major repercussion of the Russian-Georgian war of August 2008 was a significant increase in the EU‟s presence in Georgia. With the launch of the Eastern Partnership in May 2009, the deployment of an EU monitoring mis-sion in Georgia and the EU‟s participation in the Geneva talks, EU-Georgian relations appear to have entered a new stage. The war has also affected Geor-gia‟s foreign policy priorities with the EU acquiring a new significance at the same time as the prospect of NATO integration has become more uncertain. This paper reviews the evolution of EU-Georgian relations since Georgia‟s independence and asks whether the post-war context has brought a change in the nature of these relations. First, it analyzes the relations before the Rose Revolution and the nature of the EU‟s engagement in Georgia. Second, it ex-amines the changes after the revolution, focusing in particular on the diverg-ing expectations of the EU and Georgia. Finally, it asks whether the post-war context has brought more convergence between the two actors.
Added: Feb 12, 2014
Working paper
Suslov D. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2014
Despite relative normalization of the US-Russia dialogue in early 2013 and their impressive cooperation on Syria and Iran later that year, the relations on the whole remain extremely fragile, volatile and at the same time stagnant. Their traditional agenda, based on arms control, is crumbling; leadership is both countries is not regarding positive US-Russian partnership as central for their vital national interests fulfillment; and the share of contradictions is growing. At best, this deprives the sides of many opportunities to advance their interests through cooperation. At worst, this could spark a new serious crisis by. The author argues that the fundamental problem of the US-Russia relations is their old-fashioned philosophy, centered on strategic deterrence and balancing. This philosophy, the paper claims, in its turn predetermines an agenda of the relations, which poorly reflects the real challenges that US and Russia face in the world of today and tomorrow. The author claims that the new philosophy of the US-Russia relations should be based not on strategic deterrence and strategic balance in a Cold war understanding, but on clear recognition that the sides need each other and need to cooperate in order to deal with real challenges and achieve real opportunities.
Added: Mar 29, 2015
Working paper
Noah Buckley, Garifullina G., Reuter O. J. Political Science. PS. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2012. No. 11.
Scholars associate bureaucratic quality with economic development. One particularly important component of a well-functioning bureaucracy is meritocratic promotion. This paper explores the conditions under which politicians will appoint high-level bureaucrats on the basis of economic performance. We argue that two key features of democracy—electoral competition and media freedom—  increase  the incidence of performance-based appointments among high-level bureaucrats. We test these claims using original data on turnover among 3762 vice governors in Russia’s 89 regions between 2001 and 2011. We also find that levels of bureaucratic turnover depend on the characteristics of the principal making those appointments.    
Added: Jan 17, 2013
Working paper
Safonkina E. International Relations. WP BRP. НИУ ВШЭ, 2015
In the modern globalized world new actors, in particular business, exert increasing influence on the international decision-making processes. The business is generally important and influential actor in the regional governance promoting the group`s common interests. The article aims to test this hypothesis drawing on the findings from study of the APEC Business Advisory Council (ABAC). The author analyses the Asia-Pacific business priorities promoted by the ABAC, actions implemented to make other regional actors acting in line with these priorities and ABAC achievements in that process. The official ABAC and APEC documents constituted the evidence base for the analysis. The research methods used in the article include qualitative content analysis and comparative historical analysis. The author comes to conclusion that business is an influential actor in the Asia-Pacific regional governance due to its capability to promote business priorities implementation at the state level. 
Added: Sep 2, 2015
Working paper
Yakovlev A. A., Freinkman L., Ershova N. V. Policy Brief. 5/2018. Bank of Finland Institute for Economies in Transition. BOFIT, 2018. No. 5.
We explore the role and organizing capacity of foreign business associations (FBAs) in the Russian context. Considering the potential role of FBAs as effective intermediaries during time of aggravated international relations, the paper examines the problems and mechanisms of foreign firms’ interaction with key national partners in their host countries and describes the conditions that lead to effective dialogue between FBAs and national governments. The main phases and factors of evolution are identified for Russia’s two main channels of foreign firms’ collective actions: The Foreign Investment Advisory Council, which is chaired by Russia’s prime minister, and FBAs. A comparative analysis of the efficiencies of each channel finds that political, rather than economic or institutional, factors play the dominant role in explaining the shifting efficiency of collective action of foreign firms over time.
Added: Jun 15, 2018
Working paper
Priestley Y., Beknazar-Yuzbashev G. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. No. 52.
Political attitudes and positions may tend to change in critical and unstable times, especially for young minds. Social environment of individuals, mostly presented by their social networks, has significant impact on their evaluations. The relationship between political views and social affiliations is difficult to analyze: do people influence each other’s opinions so that they shift over time, or do their political attitudes act as a ground for attraction of individuals to each other and social network construction? In this research, we use longitudinal attitudinal and network data on a sample of one hundred first-year students, analyzed with social network analysis methods and structural-equation modeling. We found tendencies to conformity and shifting individuals’ positions toward the political views of their peers, formed by friendship, rather than by study task ties. Also, political attitudes are appeared to be a driver of relationships formation. 
Added: Dec 8, 2015