Анализ теоретических идей Д.Х. Джексона и их значение для современного подхода к афазиям
PsyArXiv , 2022.
Маркашова Е. И., Skvortsov A.
This paper is devoted to the analysis of the theoretical works of the English neurologist John Hughlings Jackson. We considered both Jackson’s general ideas on the structure and functioning of the nervous system, and, in particular, his approach to the analysis of speech disorders, i.e. aphasias. Those propositions of Jackson, which, in our opinion, are relevant for modern approaches to speech disorders, were highlighted. Thus, ideas on the qualitative distinction between the functions of reasoning and speech, the level structure of the speech function, the process of propositioning, and others were considered in detail. We also noted the formation of such concepts as "psychological means" and "psychological method" in the context of the analysis of speech function, which for the first time were outlined by Jackson. We showed the modernity of those problems considered by Jackson related to aphasia, as well as the relevance of proposed solutions, which, however, in our view, are undervalued by the modern scientific community.
Meeting in the middle: Luria’s approach and cognitive approach to spoken language impairment in aphasia
, , et al., Papeles del Psicologo 2021 Vol. 42 No. 3 P. 230-235
The aim of this paper is to compare and analyze two approaches to aphasia: the systemic dynamic localization of higher mental functions theory developed by A.R. Luria and neurocognitive dual-route model. To our knowledge, comparative analysis of these two theories was never done before. We found similarities between these two theories, as well as differences ...
Added: October 31, 2022
, , Aphasiology 2020 Vol. 34 No. 4 P. 431-457
Many aphasia assessments and therapies select and/or sequence verbs based on linguistic complexity of their verb argument structure (VAS). However, further empirical testing is needed to fully understand whether and how VAS parameters affect the cognitive difficulty of verb processing in different tasks and contexts. The study investigated whether more linguistically complex VAS universally implies more cognitively difficult verb processing, ...
Added: October 21, 2019
, , et al., Aphasiology 2021 Vol. 35 No. 10 P. 1334-1362
People with aphasia (PWA) often demonstrate verb and sentence processing impairments, in production as well as in comprehension modalities. Meanwhile, patterns of impairment are typically studied at the group level, in groups of PWA with specific aphasia types (e.g., Broca's aphasia), or in case-series with small sample sizes. Our aim was to investigate if there are consistent ...
Added: November 24, 2020
, , , Neuropsychologia 2020 Vol. 147 P. 1-12
The frontal aslant tract (FAT) is a white-matter tract connecting the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and the supplementary motor complex (SMC). Damage to either component of the network causes spontaneous speech dysfluency, indicating its critical role in language production. However, spontaneous speech dysfluency may stem from various lower-level linguistic deficits, precluding inferences about the nature ...
Added: June 18, 2020
Cortical and structural-connectivity damage correlated with impaired syntactic processing in aphasia
, , et al., Human Brain Mapping 2019 Vol. 40 No. 7 P. 2153-2173
Agrammatism in aphasia is not a homogeneous syndrome, but a characterization of a nonuniform set of language behaviors in which grammatical markers and complex syntactic structures are omitted, simplified, or misinterpreted. In a sample of 71 left-hemisphere stroke survivors, syntactic processing was quantifiedwith theNorthwestern Assessment of Verbs and Sentences (NAVS). Classification analyses were used to assess the relation between ...
Added: January 22, 2019
, , , Aphasiology 2022
Background: Previous studies have shown that individuals with aphasia have impairments in switching attention compared to healthy controls. However, there is insufficient information about the characteristics of switching attention within one task and whether attention deficits vary depending on aphasia type and lesion location. We aimed to address these knowledge gaps by investigating characteristics of ...
Added: October 29, 2021
, , et al., Психологические исследования: электронный научный журнал 2014 № 7(34) С. 4
Features of focused attention in patients with fluent and non-fluent aphasia were investigated in the study. Attention disorders in patients with aphasia were quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed by making inter-comparison and comparing against the same disorders in healthy individuals. Forty seven patients with different forms of aphasia (aged 24-75) and thirty nine neurologically intact subjects ...
Added: November 16, 2013
, , , Вопросы языкознания 2018 № 1 С. 64-75
The present work is dedicated to the role of gestures in overcoming lexical access problems in patients with motor aphasia. The study is based on a corpus of narratives by brain-damaged individuals – «Russian CliPS» (Clinical Pear Stories), the videos from which were annotated in the linguistic annotator «ELAN», with the gestural layout included in ...
Added: June 26, 2018
, , et al., Discourse Studies 2018
Narrative discourse is widely studied in clinical and healthy populations. This study investigates discourse strategies that people with left- and right-hemisphere brain damage, as well as healthy speakers, use to tell a story. We analyzed microlinguistic properties of picture-elicited discourses, as well as macrolinguistic features, such as balance between narration and description, and between informational ...
Added: October 20, 2017
What Do Language Disorders Reveal about Brain–Language Relationships? From Classic Models to Network Approaches
, , , Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society 2017 No. 23 P. 741-754
Studies of language disorders have shaped our understanding of brain–language relationships over the last two centuries. This article provides a review of this research and how our thinking has changed over the years regarding how the brain processes language. In the 19th century, a series of famous case studies linked distinct speech and language functions ...
Added: November 30, 2017
An investigation of time reference in production and comprehension in Thai speakers with agrammatic aphasia
, , , Aphasiology 2020
Background It has been demonstrated that reference to the past is difficult for individuals with agrammatic aphasia, leading to the formulation of the PAst DIscourse LInking Hypothesis (PADILIH). Many of the previous studies have focused on Indo-European languages, in which time reference is expressed through verb inflection. The current study examined the PADILIH in Thai, a ...
Added: January 11, 2021
Diffusion-tensor imaging of major white matter tracts and their role in language processing in aphasia.
, , et al., Cortex 2016 Vol. 85 P. 165-181
A growing literature is pointing towards the importance of white matter tracts in understanding the neural mechanisms of language processing, and determining the nature of language deficits and recovery patterns in aphasia. Measurements extracted from diffusion-weighted (DW) images provide comprehensive in-vivo measures of local microstructural properties of fiber pathways. In the current study, we compared ...
Added: June 5, 2016
Lexical ambiguity resolution as a function of working memory: eye-tracking data from agrammatic and healthy individuals
, , et al., Steam-, Spreak- en Taalpathologie 2012 Vol. 17 No. 2 P. 100-102
Linguistic problems of individuals with agrammatic aphasia are not solely restricted to the grammatical domain: a considerable delay in lexical processing was also found in this clinical population (Prather et al., 1997). It was suggested that language processing abilities of aphasic individuals is predictable from their working memory (WM) capacities (Caspari et al., 1998; Friedmann ...
Added: November 19, 2013
, , et al., Психологические исследования: электронный научный журнал 2014 Т. 7 № 34 С. 4
Features of focused attention in patients with fluent and non-fluent aphasia were investigated in the study. Attention disorders in patients with aphasia were quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed by making inter-comparison and comparing against the same disorders in healthy individuals. Forty seven patients with different forms of aphasia (aged 24–75) and thirty nine neurologically intact subjects ...
Added: October 24, 2014
, , Journal of Neurolinguistics 2020 Vol. 53 P. 100872
Several studies have shown selective deficits in the production and comprehension of verb forms referring to the past. On the basis of this evidence the Past Discourse Linking Hypothesis (Bastiaanse et al., 2011) suggests that individuals with aphasia have difficulties with verb forms referring to the past, in comparison to non-past forms such as the ...
Added: January 11, 2021
, , , Seminars in Speech and Language 2016 Vol. 37 No. 1 P. 34-47
Previous research has found that verb argument structure characteristics (such as the number of participant roles in the situation described by the verb) can facilitate or hinder aphasic language production and comprehension in constrained laboratory tasks. This research needs to be complemented by studies of narrative or unrestricted speech, which can capture the spontaneous selection ...
Added: February 17, 2016
, , et al., Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 2012 Vol. 61 P. 291-292
Inefficient lexical processing has been found in both fluent and non-fluent aphasia, although different underlying mechanisms were proposed for those two clinical populations (Prather et al., 1997). Individuals with non-fluent aphasia were suggested to have delayed initial lexical activation, while problems of individuals with fluent aphasia concerned inhibition of irrelevant activation. The current study was ...
Added: November 19, 2013
, , et al., Вестник Воронежского государственного университета. Серия: Лингвистика и межкультурная коммуникация 2015 № 4 С. 74-81
The present study is aimed at investigating brain activation patterns associated with languageprocessing in patients with fluent and non-fluent aphasia withdifferent localizations of cerebral lesions. Sixteen healthy subjects and eighteen patients with different forms of aphasia participated in this study. The study was conducted using functional MRimaging method. The data obtained in the study revealed ...
Added: June 5, 2016
, , et al., Stem-, Spraak- en Taalpathologie 2015 Vol. 20 No. 1 P. 21-23
In the current study we present interim results of verb use analysis in two aphasic groups based on Russian CliPS (Clinical Pear Stories) data. Russian CliPS is a multimedia corpus of narratives produced by speakers with aphasia and right hemisphere damage, as well as neurologically healthy speakers of Russian. ...
Added: September 21, 2015
Вариативность клинической картины эфферентной моторной аграфии при реализации различных культурных функций письменной речи
, , , Клиническая и специальная психология 2020 Т. 9 № 1 С. 121-141
The research is devoted to the study of writing errors in patients with Broca’s aphasia performing the human-specific writing tasks. The object of the study is writing, the subject – disorder of writing in Broca’s agraphia. The aim of the research was to identify the most specific types of errors in writing language, depending on ...
Added: April 21, 2020
, , et al., Phonology 2019 Vol. 36 No. 1 P. 61-90
This paper re-examines theoretical constructs used in the analysis of Russian word stress employing data from speakers with acquired surface dyslexia, a symptom which is characterized by an impaired lexical access and preserved grapheme-phoneme correspondence rules. Russian stems have been traditionally analysed as lexically accented or unaccented, with a default rule deriving surface stress in ...
Added: December 4, 2018
, , et al., Aphasiology 2020 Vol. 34 No. 3 P. 343-364
Background: The distribution of pronouns varies cross-linguistically. This distribution has led to conflicting results in studies that investigated pronoun resolution in agrammatic indviduals. In the investigation of pronominal resolution, the linguistic phenomenon of “resumption” is understudied in agrammatism. The construction of pronominal resolution in Akan presents the opportunity to thoroughly examine resumption. Aims: To start, the ...
Added: January 11, 2021
, , Journal of Neurolinguistics 2013 Vol. 26 P. 113-128
Cross-linguistic data suggest that the grammatical categories of tense and aspect are not generally impaired in individuals with aphasia (see Bastiaanse et al., 2011 for a review). Rather, and more specifically, verb forms expressing reference to the past or conveying perfective semantics are more impaired than verb forms expressing reference to the non-past (present or future) or conveying ...
Added: March 21, 2013
Bilingual aphasia: Assessing cross-linguistic asymmetries and bilingual advantage in sentence comprehension deficits
, , et al., Cortex 2019 No. 119 P. 195-214
People with aphasia frequently have difficulties understanding semantically reversible sentences presented in derived word order. This impairment may be related to the inconsistent processing of morphological information, as well as to difficulties inhibiting the inverse interpretation of the sentence. Studies on bilingual aphasia may contribute to our understanding of these issues by shedding light on ...
Added: October 18, 2019