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Working paper

Психоанализ и доктрина "исторической памяти"

In books and articles, written on “historical memory” we find the citations of Freud and his followers; they even constitute the basis of “interdisciplinary character” of these writings. Well, in the first period of his work Freud had used such term as “trauma” and had written on the imprints of traumatic experience in the collective memory. But with the development of psychoanalysis such ideas were denied as lamarckist (and not very popular among biologists). Historians of today are taking from the psychoanalysis oldstyle specula tive biology without any concern of another schools of contemporary psychology. The real source of of “historical memory” is the theory of “emancipative knowledge interest”, created by J. Habermas and K.O. Apel the end of 1960s. This theory has much more ideological than scientific character (the revolutionary hopes of left intellectuals, desired to "heal" the humanity).