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Working paper

История и интуиция: наследие романтиков

The first half of the 19th century is characterized by popularity of romantic historical literature, based on intuitive way of construction of the social reality of the past. Many principles of historical knowledge introduced by romantics defined the shape of history as a science for almost a century. This is amply sufficient to specify such basic terms taken from romantic approach to history as historism, diversity, organicism, exoticism. Even positivism that destroyed the very spirit of the romantism did not shake these principles created by romantic historiography. Nevertheless major achievements of the romantism that still remain the foot&stone principles of historical research were transformed so drastically that since the second half of XIX century we can not reveal any significant heir of romantism in historical science. The point of this paper is to investigate basic principles of romantic historiography, analyze possible reasons of its short&lived period and mark out major lines of transformation that romantic innovations underwent in the subsequent interpretations of the history based on analytical approach.