Обмен идеями, миграция и экономический рост
The chapter contains a review of labour migration trends and migration policies in the area of the Commonwealth of independend states.
In Russian society there are mutually excluding approaches to evaluating economical consequences of inward migrations: from extremely liberal focusing on positive consequences of drawing immigrants for future Russia's socio-economical development to prevailing state-guarding ones paying attention to negative consequences of illegal employment, money transfers of immigrants, "brain draining", etc. The article sets forth the peculiarities of discourses on migration and migrational policy in terms of mass media, officials, public politics and academic interests. The conclusion is drawn about weak communication between them, segmentation of discourses mentioned. The only intersection point of these discourses is forcing up alarmist attitudes in society. The comparison is drawn between the discourses on migration policy in Russia and the USA and on the role of tragic events in these countries (reaction to terrorist acts in Beslan and September 11,2001).
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.