The choice of lobbying strategy: direct contacts with officials or mediation via business associations
Govorun A. V.
The influence of lobbying activity on economic growth and welfare is widely observed in the literature. Many scholars consider lobbying as a sort of rent-seeking and blame it for non-optimal redistribution of assets, additional costs for firms, and resource reallocation from productive activities to lobbying activities. Lobbying may result in policies and regulations that benefit a small range of firms at the cost of others. Yet some scholars argue that under some conditions lobbying may benefit society, or at least result in second-best optimality. The total outcome of lobbying should depend on how it proceeds. Although the literature on lobbying is vast and multifaceted, quite a few studies investigate how firms choose among different lobbying strategies. This study contributes to the literature by investigating how Russian firms choose ways of lobbying. The results of the study are based on a 1000-firm survey conducted by the Higher School of Economics and the Levada Center. The study investigates channels of lobbying mentioned by the respondents and focuses on the two most common channels, which are having direct contacts with officials and collective lobbying through business associations. The findings of the study are as follows. First, the data show that these lobbying channels are more likely to be complements. Second, a comparison of the effectiveness of different channels shows that the most common ways of lobbying are also the most effective. Moreover, the effectiveness of associations and personal contacts turned out to be statistically similar. Firms that have personal connections use direct personal contacts more often. But those who have problems with access to state officials tend to use business associations. Finally, the data show that those firms that interact with officials experience a higher risk of being captured by them.
The political roots of intermediated lobbying: evidence from Russian firms and business associations
, , , The political roots of intermediated lobbying: evidence from Russian firms and business associations / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC". 2013.
How does political competition shape the way that firms pursue legislative change? A rich political economy literature describes various ways in which firms influence the design and enforcement of laws, rules and regulations germane to their business activities. Although helpful, this literature is disconnected from work on legislative accountability and political concentration. Making a distinction ...
Added: January 10, 2014
, , Вопросы экономики 2014 № 1 С. 61-77
The Russian economy is in transition period “from plan to market”, which is characterized by immature institutions and expansion of rentseeking behavior. In this article, the authors consider rent as a possible excess return above the minimum income needed to encourage an agent to implement the actions specified by the principal. In this paper the ...
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, Высшее образование в России 2018 Т. 219 № 1 С. 108-121
The article examines the regulatory burdens of the higher education sphere of Russia. The term «Red Tape» in modern economic literature is associated with presence of excessive regulatory requirements that cause waste of time and financial resources and do not provide benefits to society. Red Tapes mean excessive, meaningless paperwork, high degree of formalization and ...
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, Экономика образования 2011 № 1 С. 106-124
The author offers an analysis of the Russian market theses services. ...
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, Модель коррупции и наказания на нелегальном рынке / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP 55/LNG/2017. 2007. No. 08.
The present paper examines the relationship between illegal activity and corruption as a means to overcome legal prohibition of the former. This relationship is modeled by endogenous determination of probability of punishment for illegal activity, which is assumed to depend both on the actions of illegal market participants and on the functioning of law enforcement ...
Added: March 13, 2013
, Менеджмент и бизнес-администрирование 2015 № 2 С. 65-72
The article is dedicated to the research into the companies’ capabilities to influence their business external environment. The main purpose of the paper is to identify and conduct a comparative analysis of the strategies that allow companies to change the negative impact of the external factors on their activities into a positive direction. During the ...
Added: March 11, 2015
, The Scandinavian Journal of Economics 2015 Vol. 117 No. 1 P. 108-125
I propose a bribery model in which bureaucratic decisionmaking is decentralized. I establish that bribe extortion is economically nonneutral, and that capital markets in corrupt economies exhibit higher returns. There are multiple stable equilibria: high levels of bribery reduce the economy's productivity due to suppression of small businesses. Competition among bureaucrats might improve the outcome, ...
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Причины заключения контрактов с заранее определенными поставщиками: результаты эмпирического исследования
, , , Вопросы экономики 2018 № 10 С. 90-105
The experience of the last decade has demonstrated that the state policy on the extension of competitive procedures in public procurement has been challenged by the attempts of customers and suppliers to restrict competition. The mass survey of customers and suppliers carried out by the Institute for Industrial and Market Studies in 2017 showed that ...
Added: October 10, 2018
Карманные банки и «потери из кармана»: связь между коррупцией и межбанковским кризисным взаимодействием
, Альманах современной науки и образования 2009 № 12(31) Ч.2 С. 187-189
В данной статье рассматривается модель коррумпированной банковской системы, поскольку банкиры сознательно предоставляют более рискованные процентные ставки нелегальным проектам по сравнению с рыночными индикаторами. Сталкиваясь с преждевременным аннулированием, банкиры возвращаются на межбанковский рынок, который может быть абсолютно доступен; доступен, но для входа на него необходимо подвергнуться проверке более крупного банка, или он может быть вообще недоступен. ...
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Институциональная история России (О книге Р.М.Нуреева и Ю.М.Латова «Экономическая история России: опыт институционального анализа»)
, Вопросы экономики 2017 № 5 С. 136-147
The book "Economic history of Russia: An essay in institutional analysis" demonstrates that beginning with Moscow Rus the country went through various stages of development and forms of the so-called Asian mode of production or "oriental despotism." The authors of the book identified the sources of imports of the institutions of oriental despotism. The problem ...
Added: January 30, 2018
, , Indicators Of Corruption In Public Procurement: The Example Of Russian Regions / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC". 2014. No. WP BRP 76/EC/2014.
Corruption is widely spread across the world and is believed to affect economic growth negatively. It is most persistent in the developing countries. Russian economy is not an exception. Significant losses are also reported in public procurement in Russia due to corruption. Unfortunately, to measure corruption is very challenging. In this paper, using the data ...
Added: November 27, 2014
, М.: Фонд «Либеральная миссия», 2013
Книга «Российская коррупция: уровень, структура, динамика» представляет читателю результаты серии социологических исследований, проведенных Фондом ИНДЕМ с 2001 по 2010 годы. Исследования объединены общей инструментальной и методической базой, основанной на специальных разработках Фонда ИНДЕМ. Коррупция предстает в книге как сложное социальное явление. Авторы пытаются адекватно отобразить эту сложность, анализируя разные стороны коррупции качественными и количественными эмпирическими ...
Added: December 11, 2013
, Общественные науки и современность 2008 № 4 С. 21-37
Paper considers the efficiency of Russian court system and demand of economic agents for legal institutions. Analysis based on two empirical surveys of Russian firms in 2000 and 2007 focused on efforts to reform court system and the influence of state and enforcement agencies on firms’ behavior. Author notes the improvement of enforcement system in ...
Added: December 6, 2012
, Россия и современный мир 2016 № 4 С. 21-39
Based on semi-formalized interviews with businessmen, the article analyzes the changes in the nature of Russian corruption caused by transformation of the dominant model of capitalism, i.e. transition from oligarchic to state-corporate capitalism, which has changed not only the scale but also the essence of corruption in the country. ...
Added: April 3, 2017
Access of firms to public procurement in Russia in the 2000s: before and after radical reform of regulation
, , International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies 2012 Vol. 5 No. 2 P. 140-157
This paper considers the consequences of public procurement reform in Russia in 2005-2006. We show that before the reform, manufacturing firms with government stakes, old firms and larger firms had advantages in access to government orders. In 2009 large firms retain their advantages in access to government orders. Estimated scales of ‘kickback’ in 2009 were ...
Added: September 11, 2012
Экономические модели мониторинга качества окружающей среды в условиях неполной информации и высоких издержек
, , Вопросы экономики 2014 № 4 С. 99-122
The paper considers monitoring of environmental change as the central element of environmental regulation. Monitoring, as each kind of principal-agent relations, easily gives rise to corruptive behavior. In the paper we analyze economic models of environmental monitoring with high costs, incomplete information and corruption. These models should be the elements of environmental economics and are ...
Added: March 17, 2015
К дискуссии об инновационной политике и коррупции как инструментах расширения возможностей на микроуровне
, , , Финансы и бизнес 2014 № 4 С. 4-8
The first part of the article contains a thorough review of the existing literature on possible links between innovative development of national economy and corruption. The second part of the article is a research on such links in Russia. Having analyzed the existing regional data, we have tested several hypothesis, among them: (1) higher economic ...
Added: November 13, 2014
, , Вестник Воронежского государственного университета. Серия: Экономика и управление 2014 № 2 С. 9-18
The research focuses on empirical estimates of what Russians think about everyday corruption in Russia. We use LITS, WVS and RLMS-HSE data sets. It was discovered concave dependence of corruption expectations on age and positive on income. Level of education and town habitation increase confidence in necessity of bribes. Retrospective questions confirm that corruption did ...
Added: October 7, 2014
, Финансы и бизнес 2014 № 2 С. 4-13
The idea of ligalization of bribe giving for certain types of bribes was expressed by K. Basu in 2011 and got a name Basu proposal. In this paper we discuss effects that can be caused by the direct implementation of this proposal. Our game-theoretic model shows that while legalisation of certain bribe-giving occurances can lead ...
Added: June 27, 2014
, Финансы и бизнес 2013 № 4 С. 31-50
Corrupt buyers and sellers of government services often face difficulties finding each other. Their activity is illegal, so one cannot just ask: "will you take my bribe?" or "how much will you give me if I accelerate this bureaucratic procedure?" Professional intermediaries help reveal this information. Sometimes intermediaries perform some legal functions too (e. g. ...
Added: October 25, 2013
Реформа системы госзакупок и практика отбора поставщиков для государственных нужд в России в 2004 и 2008 гг. (по данным обследований предприятий обрабатывающей промышленности)
, , Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики 2010 Т. 14 № 2 С. 202-226
Corruption in government procurements remains to be one of grave problems in transition economies. A reaction to this problem in Russia came in 2005-2006 in form of a radical reform of government procurements. This paper analyses the main parameters of firms participating in government procurements before and after changes in regulation. Our analysis is based ...
Added: October 13, 2012
, Право. Журнал Высшей школы экономики 2009 № 3 С. 34-44
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Added: April 14, 2013
, , Journal of Competition Law & Economics 2015 Vol. 11 No. 2 P. 331-352
Why do people violate the law? The Hobbesian outlook would be that people violate the law in the absence of appropriate punishment. John Stuart Mill would have attributed the violation to the lack of incentives to behave legally. In this paper, we combine these two factors to examine the effect of antitrust regulation on price ...
Added: October 21, 2014
, , , Post-Soviet Affairs 2017 Vol. 33 No. 5 P. 411-429
Few tasks are more important in the post-communist setting than rebuilding the welfare state. We study individual preferences for increasing social welfare spending to reduce inequality. Using two surveys of about 34,000 and 37,000 Russians we show great importance of the bridging type of social capital for redistribution preferences in Russia as it precludes possibilities ...
Added: June 7, 2017