The objective of paper is process of human rights institutionalization in contemporary Russia with main attention to development of ombudsman institute at federal and regional levels. The main four direction of analysis of human rights institutionalization are formulated after short introduction into conception of universal human rights and its role in contemporary world: 1) the level of incorporation of human rights approach to the domestic positive law; 2) the level of inclusion of human rights conception into wide public discussion; level of development of domestic human rights structures, 3)governmental institutes, first of all, Commissioner for human rights (ombudsman) and 4) human rights NGOs. The subject of this text are the second and third from this directions. In the framework of second direction the reaction of human rights NGO community at the initiative of Mitropolit Kirill to establish orthodox understanding of human rights conception is analyzed. The main stages of ombudsman institute development as at federal, as at regional level are described and short sociological analysis of regional ombudsman community are realized. The peculiarities of the activities of three regional ombudsman offices – in Samara and Sverdlovsk oblast’ and in Perm’ kray are demonstrated in conclusion.
Kovler A. I. European Convention in the International System of Human Rights Protection : monograph / A. I. Kovler. — М. : Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Rus sian Federation : Norma : INFRA M, 2019. — 304 p.
Kovler A. I. European Convention: Problems of Interpretation and Imple mentation : monograph / A. I. Kovler. — М. : Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federa tion : Norma : INFRA M, 2019. — 400 p
The publication is presented to the attention of readers is the first encyclopaedic dictionary dedicated to human rights in the domestic political and legal science. It contains more than 500 terms and concepts used in the history, philosophy and political science of human rights, the theory and practice of human rights, international human rights law. The dictionary includes the main international human rights standards, as well as the main organizations and institutions for the protection of human rights at the international and national levels. The structure of the dictionary is based on the latest research in human rights science: history, theory, philosophy and political science of human rights, state and non-state mechanisms for the protection of human rights, judicial and international protection of the human being, education and human rights education, etc. For teachers, graduate students, students of higher educational institutions, lawyers of practice, representatives of governmental and non-governmental institutions, organizations, institutions for the protection of human rights, as well as for all those who is interested in problems of theory, history and practice of human rights, legal culture and the rule of law is this edition intended.
The Olympic Games of 1980 and 2014 present a case study in the hosting of sport mega-events by repressive regimes. In both cases, the authoritarian government sought hosting rights in order to enhance their own legitimacy, an aim that was largely met at home but at the cost of incurring damaging criticism abroad about human rights violations. In both cases, the Games sparked debates about how sporting events could be most effectively used to improve human rights overall. These debates revolved around familiar poles: on the one hand, claims that the events could help spur reform, and on the other hand, the argument that hosting would lead to heightened abuses. In 1980 even before the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan triggered a large- scale boycott, some voices in Western Europe and the United States were arguing that Moscow should be spurned because of the Soviet Union’s record of repression. In 2014 though some boycott calls were made, boycotting seemed a less compelling tactic. Instead, reformers hoped to achieve results through public pressure. In the final tally, the results of both Games suggest that sports mega-events in repressive regimes are likely to lead to more repression.
The article presents a brief sketch of the history of the Russian Prokuratura from the point of view of its role in protecting human rights.
This volume is based on the premise that moral claims made about sports mega-events
constitute one of the most visible and significant sources of normative expectations about
international affairs. Thanks to sport’s extraordinary popularity, what we expect of international
sport helps shape what we expect of the international order. Few events, if any, draw the level of
global attention that the Olympic Games and the men's soccer World Cup excite. In 2012, an
estimated 70% of the world’s population participated in some way in the Olympic Games;
figures for the 2010 men’s soccer World Cup show close to half the world’s population watching
at least some of the coverage.1 These events do not simply offer a representation of a global
order; they create, reinforce, and propagate normative views about that global order, helping to
constitute the moral rules and expectations that guide and inspire it.
The volume traces the origins and development of international sport’s major idealistic
claims and examines how they have operated in particular contexts. Chapters investigate the
functions idealistic claims have served, what kind of politics they have abetted, and why they
have been believable, when, and to whom. It aims to understand how different ideals have
worked sometimes in tension and sometimes in harmony and how the relative power of each
ideal has waxed and waned as a result of changes in international politics. The contributions
probe contestation over ideals by organizers, proponents, and critics; the legitimizing strategies
that have underpinned those claims; the relationship of these claims to broader currents of
international idealism; and how these claims have influenced conceptions of world order.
The article is devoted to the problem of comparison between the international human rights law and the international humanitarian law. It is demonstrated on the basis of particular cases from the European Court of Human Rights practice that all attempts to erase the boarders between two spheres of international law are dangerous and counterproductive.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/