Cooperating with the State: Evidence from Survey Experiments on Policing in Mosscow
The article is dedicated to the organization of Russian gendarmerie units in the Caucas region in 1820-1840s
The report presents the results of the study of claims-making in the LiveJournal posts about police and prison violence in Russia. The study is based on two cases: violence against the detainee Sergei Nazarov in the police department "Dalny" in Kazan in March 2012, which became the cause of his death, and open letters sent by Pussy Riot member Nadezhda Tolokonnikova from penal colony located in Mordovia in September and October 2013. The data highlight, firstly, the dominant retranslating function of the blogosphere and its weak mobilizing function, secondly, the similarity of rhetorical idioms used in these two cases, in particular, the rhetoric of endangerment (to citizens from authorities) and rhetoric of calamity (focused on Vladimir Putin’s presidency), third, attempts to legitimize violence against detainees and prisoners, fourthly, the systemic bloggers’ perception of processes in Russian police, prisons and penal colonies, fifth, the dominance of civic and sarcastic styles of claims-making in the blogosphere.
The article deals with the choice of profession by female police officers. The analysis of data collected in 2016 during 4 semi-structured group interviews with a total number of 22 police officers in Volgogradskaya oblast helps us to assume that women come to the police service because of relatively high salaries, job stability, fringe benefits and the prestige of the profession. In contrast to previous works on this topic, we have identified the importance of family influence: the choice of police work often occurs as a continuation of the family dynasty of police or government officials. The results we have obtained can be used to increase the level of job satisfaction of female police officers as it depends on the factors of the choice of profession.
In "Soviet sociology as police science," Alexander F. Filippov attempts to examine Soviet sociology of the 1960s and early 1970s in terms of so-called "police science," a system of administrative disciplines that had their heyday in Europe during the second half of the eighteenth century. Unlike Western sociology, which developed as one of the alternatives to police science, sociology in the USSR could not be oriented toward solving fundamental theoretical problems — these remained the focus of ideological work. The main task of Soviet sociology, then, was the search for the best methods for managing an ever-more-complicated society with the ostensible aim of "the common good" (decisions about which were taken by an administration in which citizens had no part). Police surveillance and administrative knowledge (also in essence oriented toward policing) were supposed to complement each other in this state of universal well-being for all.
The article is devoted to the establishing of permanent gendarme supervision on private gold mines in Siberia in 1841-1842. This subject has not been yet studied in historiography. The article reconstructs main stages of the formation of gendarmerie units in Siberia in the 1830s, as well as basic legislative acts which regulated the system of police surveillance in the mines. The article touches upon main discussions in government circles on how to enhance policing in the gold mines in the spread of various forms of social protest. Special attention is paid to the duties of gendarme officers in the mines which were set out in special secret instructions. Almost all Siberian mines were privately owned production. Exiles made up the bulk of workers in the private gold mines of Siberia in 1830-1840-ies. The authors conclude that the situation in the Siberian gold mines, the accumulation of large masses of exiles and first labor unrest drew the attention of the political police before the establishment of a permanent supervision of gendarmerie. Thus, already in the 1830s it became clear that special measures to maintain order in the gold mines in Siberia were needed. Strengthening of police activities should be also linked with the widespread of illegal mining and sale of gold. In this regard it is not surprising that the post of the gendarmerie officer in the gold mines of Eastern Siberia was set against the opinion of the East Siberian governor-general. The initiator of the establishing of a gendarmerie officer post to oversee the Siberian gold mines was the governor-general of Western Siberia P.D. Gorchakov. He was supported by the chief of gendarmes A.Kh.Benckendorff. On the 9th of May 1841 the post of gendarmerie officer in the goldfields of Western Siberia was established. In May 1842 a special secret instructions for this officer was prepared at the headquarters of the Corps of gendarmes. It assumed that the gendarme would not be vested with police powers, but watch the execution of the «Regulations on private gold mimes» of 1838. Gendarme staff officer in the mines of Eastern Siberia received additional police powers. The establishment of the gendarmerie control in the mines was prepared by the logic of the organizational development of the Russian political police and gendarmerie in general, the tendency to expand the scope of the gendarmerie and, more broadly, government control. Gendarmerie officers acted in the role of government agents and gendarmes surveillance system was conceived to ensure a high credibility in solving conflicts, their independence from the gold miners and higher administration of Siberia.
The publication is devoted to various aspects of the history of Paris XVI-XVIII centuries. Particular attention is paid to the functioning of the municipal administration, the forms of social control, reconstruction projects and decorating the city in accordance with the requirements of the era.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.