### Working paper

## Unirationality and existence of infinitely transitive models

We study unirational algebraic varieties and the fields of rational functions on them. We show that after adding a finite number of variables some of these fields admit an \emph{infinitely transitive model}. The latter is an algebraic variety with the given field of rational functions and an infinitely transitive regular action of an algebraic group generated by unipotent algebraic subgroups. We expect this property holds for all unirational varieties and in fact is a peculiar one for this class of algebraic varieties among those varieties which are rationally connected.

Let $A$ be an abelian surface over a finite field $k$. The $k$-isogeny class of $A$ is uniquely determined by a Weil polynomial $f_A$ of degree 4. We give a classification of the groups of $k$-rational points on varieties from this class in terms of $f_A$.

Toric geometry exhibited a profound relation between algebra and topology on one side and combinatorics and convex geometry on the other side. In the last decades, the interplay between algebraic and convex geometry has been explored and used successfully in a much more general setting: first, for varieties with an algebraic group action (such as spherical varieties) and recently for all algebraic varieties (construction of Newton-Okounkov bodies). The main goal of the conference is to survey recent developments in these directions. Main topics of the conference are: Theory of Newton polytopes and Newton-Okounkov bodies; Toric geometry, geometry of spherical varieties, Schubert calculus, geometry of moduli spaces; Tropical geometry and convex geometry; Real algebraic geometry and fewnomial theory; Polynomial vector fields and the Hilbert 16th problem.

We solve a technical problem related to adeles on an algebraic surface. Given a finite set of natural numbers up to two, one associates an adelic group. We show that this operation commutes with taking intersections if the surface is defined over an uncountable field and we provide a counterexample otherwise.

This is the second of two volumes dedicated to the centennial of the distinguished mathematician Selim Grigorievich Krein. Krein was a major contributor to functional analysis, operator theory, partial differential equations, fluid dynamics, and other areas, and the author of several influential monographs in these areas. He was a prolific teacher, graduating 83 Ph.D. students. Krein also created and ran, for many years, the annual Voronezh Winter Mathematical Schools, which significantly influenced mathematical life in the former Soviet Union. The articles contained in this volume are written by prominent mathematicians, former students and colleagues of Selim Krein, as well as lecturers and participants of Voronezh Winter Schools. They are devoted to a variety of contemporary problems in ordinary and partial differential equations, fluid dynamics, and various applications.

Using the notion of isoclinism introduced by P. Hall for finite p-groups, we show that many important classes of finite p-groups have stable cohomology detected by abelian subgroups (see Theorem 11). Moreover, we show that the stable cohomology of the n-fold wreath product Gn=Z/p≀…≀Z/p of cyclic groups Z/p is detected by elementary abelian p-subgroups and we describe the resulting cohomology algebra explicitly. Some applications to the computation of unramified and stable cohomology of finite groups of Lie type are given.

In this paper a method of constructing a semiorthogonal decomposition of the derived category of *G*-equivariant sheaves on a variety *X* is described, provided that the derived category of sheaves on *X *admits a semiorthogonal decomposition, whose components are preserved by the action of the group *G *on *X*. Using this method, semiorthogonal decompositions of equivariant derived categories were obtained for projective bundles and for blow-ups with a smooth center, and also for varieties with a full exceptional collection, preserved by the action of the group. As a main technical instrument, descent theory for derived categories is used.

I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables

We study unirational algebraic varieties and the fields of rational functions on them. We show that after adding a finite number of variables some of these fields admit an infinitely transitive model. The latter is an algebraic variety with the given field of rational functions and an infinitely transitive regular action of a group of algebraic automorphisms generated by unipotent algebraic subgroups. We expect that this property holds for all unirational varieties and in fact is a peculiar one for this class of algebraic varieties among those varieties which are rationally connected.

Featuring a blend of original research papers and comprehensive surveys from an international team of leading researchers in the thriving fields of foliation theory, holomorphic foliations, and birational geometry, this book presents the proceedings of the conference "Foliation Theory in Algebraic Geometry," hosted by the Simons Foundation in New York City in September 2013.

Given a smooth projective algebraic surface X, a point O in X and a big divisor D on X, we consider the set of all Newton-Okounkov bodies of D with respect to valuations of the field of rational functions of X centred at O, or, equivalently, with respect to a flag (E,p) which is infinitely near to O, in the sense that there is a sequence of blowups mapping the smooth, irreducible rational curve E to O. The main objective of this paper is to start a systematic study of the variation of these infinitesimal Newton-Okounkov bodies as (E, p) varies, focusing on the case X = P2.