Положение мигрантов в России во время пандемии коронавируса (COVID-19): результаты опроса
Analysis of the spread of infections has repeatedly confirmed the importance of the geographical location of countries. Despite the recognized role of economic weights in modeling spatial effects, the applicability of non-geographic weight matrices to investigating the spread of coronavirus has not been sufficiently studied. This work, based on data from 155 countries of the world, has shown that considering spatial autocorrelation from the point of view of trade turnover expands the understanding of the nature of the spread of the virus, but cannot replace the analysis of geographic weight matrices.
The present investigation provides one of the first complex attempts of theorizing on changes in tourism sector activity within COVID-19 quarantine. Drawing from system and criterion approach we usedthe analysis of official documents and news publication to identify 8 international models of tourism sector support within the pandemic quarantine. Each model was considered with the instrument of strengths and weaknesses analysis. By reviewing Russian national model we conducted deeper analyses juxtaposing and describing experience of Russian regions. Drawing from aтopinion poll realized in Perm krai we described some special features of each tourism sector segment activity within COVID-19 pandemic quarantine. The opinion polls mentioned also showed some limitations of Russian tourism sector support model. With regard to the data mentioned, we proposed the concept of the national electronic exchange service of tourism and resort. This system will potentially support the Russian model in the condition of epidemic crisis, helping the national tourism sector to save and then to restore its activity following laissez-faire principle.
The COVID-19 pandemic had an enormous social and economic impact on societies in 2020. The epidemiological situation is evolving on a daily basis, and the methodology of how to evaluate the impact of the pandemic and the severity of its consequences is lacking. The only available high-frequency data now are the number of people who have contracted the illness, and the restrictive measures that authorities have implemented to contain the outbreak. The most important question now is whether authorities can prevent subsequent waves. The contribution of the paper is a dynamic model of COVID-19 outbreaks, on the basis of which we investigated the possible impact of the socio-economic behavior and restrictions on its waves. To build the model, a large database for different countries with a wide range of economic and social institutions was collected. We give a detailed description of the model and a comparison of the results with trajectories of the outbreaks in the countries under consideration. The proposed model describes the empirical results and can be used for timely and contemporary predictions of the stages of pandemics. Despite this, the model needs future development and verification because the pandemic is not over, and the accumulation of empirical information continues. Yet the model might also be useful as a basis for researching the impacts of other socioeconomic and medical actions for containing pandemics.
The rapid and unplanned change to teaching and learning in the online format brought by COVID-19 has likely impacted many, if not all, aspects of university students’ lives worldwide. To contribute to the investigation of this change, this study focuses on the impact of the pandemic on student well-being, which has been found to be as important to student lifelong success as their academic achievement. Student well-being has been linked to their engagement and performance in curricular, co-curricular, and extracurricular activities, intrinsic motivation, satisfaction, meaning making, and mental health. The purpose of this study was to examine how student perceptions of their degree completion and future job prospects during the pandemic impact their well-being and what role university support plays in this relationship. We used the conservation of resources theory to frame our study and to develop five hypotheses that were later tested via structural equation modeling. Data were collected from 2707 university students in France, Germany, Russia, and UK via an online survey. The results showed that university support provided by instructors and administration plays a mediating role in the relationship between the perceived impact of COVID-19 on degree completion and future job prospects and levels of student well-being. Student well-being is decreased by their concerns for their degree completion but not by their concerns for future job prospects. In turn, concerns for future job prospects affect student well-being over time. These results suggest that in a “new normal”, universities could increase student well-being by making support to student studies a priority, especially for undergraduates. Also, universities should be aware of the students’ changing emotional responses to crisis and ensure visibility and accessibility of student support.
Purpose: Analyzing the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on changes in business ethics, identify the most significant issues. Design/methodology/approach: Based on an analysis of the main trends in modern society and modern concepts and programs of corporate social responsibility, a theoretical framework of actions to be taken by companies in the pandemic environment is developed. Findings: Today, technology can greatly assist governments in controlling the spread of the virus. Of course, the virus is indiscriminate and affects all people. Wealth, religion, sex, physical condition, and social status do not confer immunity on individuals or groups. However, some social groups suffer more than others. Thus, women workers, migrant workers and the poorest segments of society can be distinguished. The analysis highlights three basic principles of ethical business that are important during a pandemic: company must be prepared for risks involved; company has no right to harm; company must ensure that there is no discrimination. Originality/value: The most important problems encountered by business, employees, partners, and society in general are highlighted. The authors note the importance of corporate social responsibility and the ability of the business community to address the coronavirus crisis.
Recovering from Covid: Responsible Management and Reshaping the Economy
In 2021, the 35th Conference and 2nd BAM Conference in the Cloud, will critically engage with the socio-economic recovery from the global Covid-19 pandemic.
Consumers, producers, frontline workers, managers, businesses, public and third sector organisations all have their own roles and responsibilities in transforming our marketised society for the post-pandemic world.
We will critically explore the challenges we all face, aiming to generate relevant, impactful insights into the innovative forms and means of mobilising the collective action that is required if we are to create a productive, flourishing and more inclusive society.
The devastation created by the Covid-19 pandemic presents a unique opportunity for the business and management academy to play its part in addressing the social, technical, economic and environmental disruptions we face. There is a desperate need for responsible management and distributed leadership.
These unique circumstances offer the ability to make a tangible difference beyond the realms of the theoretical and academic, to take chances we might not otherwise have encountered. We call upon our collaborative research community to address the broad range of questions the pandemic and its aftermath have created, to explore how best to reimagine and enable a greener, more sustainable economy, one that levels up the economy, and one that is both inclusive and fairer.