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Working paper

Graph potentials and moduli spaces of rank two bundles on a curve

arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2020. No. 2009.05568.
Galkin S., Belmans P., Mukhopadhyay S.
We introduce graph potentials, which are Laurent polynomials associated to (colored) trivalent graphs. These graphs encode degenerations of curves to rational curves, and graph potentials encode degenerations of the moduli space of rank 2 bundles with fixed determinant. We show that the birational type of the graph potential only depends on the homotopy type of the colored graph, and thus define a topological quantum field theory. By analyzing toric degenerations of the moduli spaces we explain how graph potentials are related to these moduli spaces in the setting of mirror symmetry for Fano varieties.  On the level of enumerative mirror symmetry this shows how invariants of graph potentials are related to Gromov-Witten invariants of the moduli space. In the context of homological mirror symmetry we formulate a conjecture regarding the shape of semiorthogonal decompositions for the derived category. Studying the properties of graph potentials we provide evidence for this conjecture. Finally, by studying the Grothendieck rings of varieties and categories we will give further geometric evidence.