POPULISM AND PROTEST INTENSITY: A CROSS-NATIONAL ANALYSIS
Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics , 2021. No. 80.
Populist studies are increasingly interested in the effects that populism has on political systems of contemporary democracies. This article analyzes the relationship between populist parties and politicians and the intensity of political protest. Arguing that populists generate feelings of anger and outrage at the establishment politicians, develop close relationships with social movements, and instigate further polarization and resistance from the opposition, the existence of populist actors in a political system is expected to generate more political protests. Empirical testing using cross-national figures considers the case of both the prevalence of populist parties in European countries and the existence of a populist politician as the head of government in European, Latin American, and North American countries. The results testify to strong positive correlations in both cases demonstrating the potential that populism has for socio-political destabilization. However, when tests are performed in order to observe whether this relationship holds within different geographical and temporal spaces, strong negative relationships are shown with populists prior to the year 2000 and positive ones afterwards. Finally, once the ideological disposition of the populist leaders is accounted for, the results testify to a diverging pattern; whereas the populist radical right and radical left are strongly associated with increasing protests after the year 2000, in the decade prior, centrist or neoliberal populism demonstrated a significantly negative correlation with protest intensity.
, International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society 2021 P. 1-36
As evidenced by the 2016 US presidential election, conspiracy theories, such as birtherism, the belief that Barack Obama is not a natural-born citizen, have become more impactful on modern-day liberal democracies. This study investigates the consequences of the conspiratorial narratives espoused by populist candidates, arguing that the creation of a narrative involving a “conspiring” establishment ...
Added: February 18, 2021
, , Electoral Studies 2020 Vol. 65 P. 102138
Why is the populist radical left and right on the rise across western Europe? Integrating theories on changing socio-political conflict with arguments about crises of political representation, we contend that electoral support for radical right and radical left parties is rooted in two distinct sets of socio-structural factors, but their translation into electoral choice is ...
Added: September 23, 2020
, , West European Politics 2019 Vol. 42 No. 6 P. 1188-1208
The article comparatively examines the levels of populism exhibited by parties in Western Europe. It relies on a quantitative content analysis of press releases collected in the context of 11 national elections between 2012 and 2015. In line with the first hypothesis, the results show that parties from both the radical right and the radical ...
Added: November 19, 2019
, Acta Politologica 2020 Vol. 12 No. 3 P. 1-26
The onset of the “post-truth” era, characterized by the accretion of conspiracy theories and “fake news”, has generally coincided with a rise in populist radical right politicians and groups who are often the receptors and propagators of such conspiracy theories. This study focuses on the consequences of conspiracism in populist candidates, arguing that conspiratorial ideation ...
Added: October 21, 2020
М.: МГИМО-Университет, 2020
В монографии рассмотрена широкая проблематика современного правого популизма — от ряда теоретических аспектов этого феномена до практической политики правопопулистских партий и лидеров. Феномен правого популизма исследуется как в его глобальном разрезе, так и на примере отдельных стран и регионов. Дан анализ причин широкого распространения правого популизма в Европе и в Западном полушарии, политических, социальных, социально-психологических ...
Added: May 9, 2020
, , Political Studies Review 2021 Vol. 1 No. 1 P. 1-24
The current study investigates the effect that formal education, as a factor of socio-economic development, have on the intensity and forms of political protest. By way of increased socialization of democratic values, increased cognitive understanding of the society at large, and human capital to participate in protests, increases in a country's level of formal education ...
Added: February 18, 2021
, Россия в глобальной политике 2021 Т. 19 № 1 С. 80-90
The growing popularity of populist movements as a result of economic turmoil is a matter of concern for the expert and political community. The financial crisis of 2008 and its impact on events in the Eurozone confirm the sad experience of the 1930s. In times of crisis, when solid political leadership is needed, the polarization of ...
Added: January 18, 2021
, Полис. Политические исследования 2021 № 1 С. 78-93
The challenge of right-wing populism to conservatism and liberal democracy in the United States deserves the most accurate analysis through the prism of an ideological approach. The author investigates ideological structures of American conservatism and populism on the basis of Michael Frieden’s method of «ideological morphology». The methodology of the paper divides ideologies on thin-centered ...
Added: May 9, 2020
Популизм, политическая персонализация и внимание ведущих печатных СМИ к лидерам зарубежных стран в G20
, , Вестник Московского университета. Серия 10: Журналистика 2020 № 5 С. 77-97
This article analyzes the influence of populism on the attention of the leading print media of the G20 countries to political leaders. Using the Factiva database, we collected information on the number of mentions of G20 countries and their leaders in the five leading print media of the each G20 countries in 2018, and also ...
Added: November 10, 2020
, Interface: a journal for and about social movements 2020 Vol. 12 No. 1 P. 677-679
A review of Cas Mudde's book "The Far Right Today". ...
Added: October 22, 2020
, , Interdisciplinary Journal of Populism 2021 No. 2 P. 7-31
Since the 2016 US presidential elections, political commentators and academics have often attributed the rise of both Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump to a general 'populist' wave affecting the country. While the two politicians are often juxtaposed with each other in terms of their alleged 'populism', there are grounds to question this characterisation for Bernie ...
Added: January 12, 2022
, Studia Politica 2020 Vol. 20 No. 2 P. 157-202
This article is dedicated to examining the changes in the political attitudes related to national populism in the European public opinion. The research hypothesis is that the “revival of nationalism” over the last years is due to the rise not in nationalist attitudes as such but in the strength of their intercorrelations with the political ...
Added: December 21, 2020
М.: Издательский дом «Дело» РАНХиГС, 2020
В сборнике представлены статьи участников XXVI Международного симпозиума «Пути России. Народничество и популизм», проходившего 27–28 сентября 2020 года. В фокусе внимания авторов–возвращение на общественно-политическую сцену народа, будь то в форме новых массовых движений или источника легитимности для интервенций, политиков-националистов и сопротивления международным институтам. Российская политическая традиция народничества дает один из важнейших примеров демократической активации масс. ...
Added: November 3, 2020
, , , Comparative Sociology 2021 Vol. 20 No. 2 P. 195-222
The current article investigates societal indicators associated with economic development that may account for the strong positive correlation between GDP per capita and protest intensity. The authors’ tests reveal that the expansion of democratization, education, and urbanization are one of the main influences accounting for this positive relationship between GDP per capita growth and anti-government protest intensity. Moreover, when ...
Added: July 2, 2021
«Мы, защитники наций и свобод». Как европейские правые популисты конструируют идентичности (случай «Национального объединения»)
, , Политическая наука 2020 № 4 С. 128-156
The article explores how the EU populist radical right in opposition to its national governments uses the concept of rights and freedoms when constructing identities. The research is based on a discourse analysis of speeches given by the leader of the French Rassemblement National Marine Le Pen in the run-up to the 2019 European parliamentary ...
Added: August 14, 2020
PAOLO COSSARINI AND FERNANDO VALLESPÍN (EDS.) POPULISM AND PASSIONS, DEMOCRATIC LEGITIMACY AFTER AUSTERITY ROUTLEDGE, 2019. 196 PP. £34.99. ISBN 9780815383796
, e-Extreme 2021 Vol. 22 No. 2 P. 11-14
Book Review: Paolo Cossarini and Fernando Vallespin (eds.), Populism and Passions: Democratic Legitimacy After Austerity ...
Added: August 24, 2021
, Общественные науки и современность 2019 № 5 С. 30-46
In the 1960–1970s, in Western intellectual circles the old Marxist dogma about the “withering away of the state”, which has been considerably weakened by that time, suddenly acquired unexpected allies not only in the person of influential post-Marxists like Jürgen Habermas, but also such liberals as Karl Jaspers and Hannah Arendt: They all believed in ...
Added: October 8, 2019
, , European Politics and Society 2019 Vol. 20 No. 4 P. 431-449
The article explores party-based populist and radical right looking at the cases of Latvia’s National Alliance (NA) and of the Estonian Conservative People’s Party (EKRE). The research question is: How does the intersection between the specificities of party-systems and particularistic identity-politics either facilitate or complicate the political engagements of EKRE and NA? This piece demonstrates ...
Added: February 20, 2020
Количественные текстовые характеристики как фактор успешности продвижения публикаций в рамках протестной коммуникации в социальных сетях
, Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право 2020 Т. 13 № 2 С. 249-268
Полноценный анализ протестной активности в XXI в. невозможен без учета сложной взаимосвязи между онлайн- и офлайн-поведением различных акторов. Социальные медиа и, более широко, все интернет-пространство становятся площадкой для новых форм состязательной политики и делают возможными формы поведения, трансформирующие классические методы протеста. При этом цифровые площадки не являются нейтральными по отношению к самой коммуникации: взаимодействие пользователей ...
Added: December 12, 2020
, Center for Analysis of the Radical Right 2021
On January 6th, hundreds of Stop the Steal protesters, who believe in the Big Lie that the election was “stolen” due to massive voter fraud, led an insurrection on the US Capitol building, seeking to do harm to US lawmakers and overturn the November 2020 election results. A lesser known, yet just as harmful, event ...
Added: December 16, 2021
, , et al., Политическая энциклопедия, 2018
Результат работы над проектом "Популизм в России и в мире", осуществленном в 2017 г. Фондом Конрада Аденауэра совместно с экспертной группой "Европейский диалог" ...
Added: March 10, 2018
, Master's Thesis: Higher School of Economics 2020
The onset of the “post-truth” era, characterized by the accretion of conspiracy theories and “fake news”, has generally coincided with a rise in right-wing populist groups and politicians who are often the receptors and propagators of such conspiracy theories. The proposed research project intends to focus on the way in which conspiracy theories are incorporated ...
Added: November 12, 2020
, Сравнительное конституционное обозрение 2018 Т. 27 № 3 С. 124-135
The current crisis of constitutionalism as an apparent challenge to liberal democracy makes it important to understand its social origins, implications, and forms of protection. The book under review presents a broad vision of the problem and a comparative analysis of theoretical, institutional, and functional deviations of authentic liberal constitutionalism, including its values, principles, and incentives. A fundamental work on ...
Added: January 7, 2019
, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 2019 Vol. 25 No. 2 P. 211-230
This case study focuses on Estonia and introduces the populist and radical right-wing party of EKRE (Eesti Konservatiivne Rahvaerakond/Estonian Conservative People’s Party). It demonstrates that EKRE’s employment of identity politics over the refugee question and immigration is embedded inside the pre-existing frame of Estonian restoration and “decolonization” nationalism. The party’s campaign over the refugee question ...
Added: February 20, 2020