Does technological development explain higher education expansion?
Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics , 2020. No. 59/EDU/2020.
Globalisation and the development of technology called forth an expansion and a fundamental transformation of systems of higher education around the world. This research proposes a theoretical model that demonstrates that the growth in higher education enrolment is in response to technological shocks in which either high-skill-biased technologies, technologies replacing middle-skill workers or technologies raising the productivity of high-skill workers, which increases the wage premium of high-skill workers. The authors illustrate the workings of the model using Russian data for 2000–2018, discuss changes in the structure of the labour force, relative wages and enrolment in higher education during the last twenty years.
Turku: [б.и.], 2012
The Pan-European Institute publishes a quarterly discussion forum Baltic Rim Economies (BRE) which focuses on the development of the Baltic Sea region. In BRE, high level public and corporate decision makers, representatives of Academia, and several other experts contribute to the discussion. ...
Added: June 20, 2013
, , , Russian Education and Society 2018 Vol. 2 No. 60 P. 101-132
Objective: to identify the causes and consequences of the increasing stratification of higher educational institutions by the volumes and sources of financing, as well as by the areas of training. Methods: during the research we used methods of statistical and economic analysis of the results of the universities’ activities. Using econometric models, the relationships were ...
Added: October 10, 2017
, , Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences 2016 Vol. 86 No. 5 P. 371-383
A full closed mathematical model to describe and calculate Kondratiev’s long wave (LW) of economic development is presented for the first time. The innovative process that generates a new long wave in the economy is described as a stochastic Poisson process. The key role in constructing production functions during both the upward and downward trends ...
Added: October 28, 2018
, Research Paper: Higher School of Economics 2019
Cuba has been undergoing a process of economic transition in which cooperatives have been prioritized for their ability to produce desperately needed food products and other outputs while promoting Cuban social values, but reality has proven this to be a rather daunting task. Three agricultural models and one non-agricultural model have been in operation over ...
Added: November 12, 2020
The regional distribution of foreign investment in Russia. Are Russians more appealing to multinationals as consumers or as natural resource holders?
, , Economics of Transition and Institutional Change 2014 Vol. 22 No. 4 P. 605-634
This article conducts a plant-level study of the factors affecting foreign direct investment (FDI) inflow to a large openning economy endowed with specific factor advantages. We conclude that the distribution of FDI in the Russian regions depends on market access and can be most notably by the knowledge-capital framework. Factor endowments built by natural resources ...
Added: August 25, 2014
Government sponsored competitive intelligence for regional and sectoral economic development: Canadian experiences
, Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business 2016 Vol. 6 No. 1
Can competitive intelligence (CI) be used to assist in regional and sectoral economic development? This article looks at intelligence initiatives (largely around training) sponsored by various government departments and agencies in Canada and their link to regional and sectoral economic development. The article provides examples of the kind of intelligence initiatives that have been used ...
Added: September 19, 2016
, Человек и труд 2000 № 11 С. 81-84
Успехи мировых научно-технологических лидеров во многом определяются эффективной интеграцией науки, образования и бизнеса, выступающей действенным инструментом устойчивого развития и конкурентоспособности этих стран в условиях глобализации и становления экономики, основанной на знаниях. ...
Added: January 17, 2013
P.: l’Observatoire, 2016
The annual report prepared by a large group of Russian and French researchers. The report focuses on the trends of development of Russia in the sphere of economy, domestic and foreign policy, social and regional policy. ...
Added: September 28, 2016
, Бизнес-журнал 2006 № 16(100)
Усилия российских предприятий направлены не на реализацию инновационных прорывов с перспективой создания новых рынков, а преимущественно на имитацию чужих инноваций и сохранение прежней ниши на локальных рынках. Все это обрекает экономику на движение по «догоняющему» пути развития и растущее технологическое отставание. ...
Added: January 16, 2013
, Вопросы экономики 2012 № 11 С. 4-23
The paper considers the factors explaining violent pressure of law enforcement agencies on businessmen in Russia in recent years. This phenomenon has been analyzed from the viewpoint of “destructive entrepreneurship” concept (Baumol, 1990) and “limited access order” framework (North et al, 2009). The paper stresses the key role of economic and political organizations in defending ...
Added: December 20, 2012
Main Principles of the Strategy of Socioeconomic Development of the Northern and Arctic Regions of the Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krai)
, , et al., Journal of Siberian Federal University. Series: Humanities & Social Sciences 2020 Vol. 13 No. 5 P. 800-817
The article reflects the main features of the new Strategy for Socioeconomic Development of the Northern and Arctic Regions of the Krasnoyarsk Territory of Russia. The work employs standard methodological tools for the development of the regional strategic documents, such as assessment of the situation, general principles of the socioeconomic development of the Northern and ...
Added: August 10, 2020
Eurasian Studies in Business and Economics. Country Experiences in Economic Development, Management and Entrepreneurship
Switzerland: Springer, 2017
This volume brings together selected papers from the 17th EBES Conference, organized in Venice in winter 2015. The theoretical and empirical papers present the latest research in diverse areas of business, economics, and finance from many different regions. They chiefly focus on the interactions between economic development, entrepreneurship and financial institutions, especially putting the spotlight on ...
Added: November 17, 2016
Milan: Italian Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI), 2018
Four years after its launch, Rome MED – Mediterranean Dialogues has established itself as an annual conference and global hub for high-level dialogue aimed at enhancing debate among policy-makers and experts around current trends and challenges stemming from the Mediterranean region. The goal is to lay the groundwork for mutual understanding and trust building among ...
Added: November 23, 2018
Proceedings of the 30th International Business Information Management Association Conference (IBIMA)
Madrid: International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA), 2017
Vision 2020: Sustainable Economic development, Innovation Management, and Global Growth. ...
Added: December 12, 2017
Инновационная система России в преддверии VI долгосрочного кондратьевского цикла: возможности и ограничения
, Национальные интересы: приоритеты и безопасность 2019 Т. 15 № 3 (372) С. 509-520
Subject Things change rapidly in all sectors of the economy, causing that advanced economies lag behind those economic entities which neglect innovative S&T ideas, their completion, slowly adapt to new circumstances, being reluctant to ensure a smooth, flexible and mutually beneficial interaction of economic agents. Currently, Russia demonstrates such trends and sluggish development. Objectives The research identifies issues ...
Added: August 22, 2021
, , Post-Communist Economies 2010 Vol. 22 No. 3 P. 283-302
Despite the impressive economic growth in Russia between 1999 and 2007, there is a fear that Russia may suffer the Dutch disease, which predicts that a country with large natural resource rents may experience a de-industrialisation and a lower long term economic growth. In this paper we study if there are any symptoms of the ...
Added: October 4, 2012
, Вестник Института экономики Российской академии наук 2015 № 1 С. 149-162
The 19th century saw an explosive growth of the gap between the “First” and the “Third” World as regards per capita incomes and levels of life that has become to be known as the “Great Divergence”. In the 20th century the Great Divergence continued up to the early 1970s, and then – in the late ...
Added: December 3, 2015
El atraso de las naciones: los retros al desarollo en las teorias de Evgeny Preobrazhensky y Raul Prebisch
, , Investigación Económica 2013 Vol. 72 No. 283 (enero-marzo) P. 5-30
This article surveys the views on economic development sustained by two protagonists of developmental policy in the U.S.S.R. and Latin America: the Russian economist Evgeny Preobrazhensky (1886 – 1937) and the Argentine economist Raúl Prebisch (1901 – 1986). Although both thinkers started from different analytical premises, and elaborated their theories in diverse social and political ...
Added: October 19, 2013
, , Journal of Theoretical Politics 2022 Vol. 34 No. 1 P. 3-34
Offering employment in the public sector in exchange for electoral support (patronage politics) and vote-buying are clientelistic practices frequently used by political machines. In the literature, these practices are typically studied in isolation. In this paper, we study how the interaction between these two practices (as opposed to having just one tool) affects economic development. ...
Added: December 4, 2020
, , Вопросы экономики 2016 № 1 С. 81-106
Various components of culture have recently been in the focus of economic research. Numerous empirical studies show that cultural norms, as well as religion and language, matter for economic development and have not only statistical but also economic significance. This paper considers various examples of how culture can affect individual values and behavior. It also ...
Added: October 16, 2015
, , Post-Communist Economies 2012 Vol. 24 No. 2 P. 191-217
In spite of a growing body of literature investigating the determinants of youth unemployment, studies at sub-national level are still scarce, especially for Russian regions. This article is an innovative attempt to analyse econometrically the key factors affecting the youth unemployment rate and the ratio between youth and total unemployment rates for 75 Russian regions ...
Added: September 3, 2012
Minorities, Human Capital and Long-Run Development: Persistence of Armenian and Greek Influence in Turkey
, Minorities, Human Capital and Long-Run Development: Persistence of Armenian and Greek Influence in Turkey / . 2016.
We study the long-term economic legacy of highly-skilled minorities a century after their wholesale expulsion. Using mass expulsions of Armenian and Greek communities of the Ottoman Empire in the early 20th century as a unique natural experiment of history, we show that districts with greater presence of Armenian and Greek minorities at the end of ...
Added: June 12, 2018
Globalización financiera y sus efectos sobre el desarrollo financiero [Financial globalization and its effects on financial development]
, Ensayos Sobre Política Económica 2011 Vol. 29 No. 66 P. 80-127
This paper shows the empirical evidence about the nexus financial globalization-financial development, and the theoretical relationship between both, because this is important for the process of economic growth and development. A new empirical test is elaborated, with new indicators of financial globalization and financial development closer to theoretical and conceptual framework, and with a different ...
Added: January 23, 2014
, , Азия и Африка сегодня 2019 № 10 С. 52-54
The Centre for Sociological and Political Sciences Studies of the Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences held the Round Table “Tourism in Africa: Prospects for Development”. Participants of the round table placed considerable emphasis on the fact that African countries that have committed to developing tourism industry face both old problems – ...
Added: October 15, 2020