Nikolai Petrovich Likhachev, His Collection, and Its Formation
In this article the author makes an attempt to create a new partition in the modern numismatics - psychological numismatics. As the subject of the study were made by the image on the coins and banknotes, dedicated to the famous Russian and foreign psychologists, psychophysiology and neuroscience, as well as the most important events in the history of psychology.
Each of the Keramos conferences has a distinct theme within ceramic studies. The proceedings of the second Keramos conference presented in this volume focus on the ceramic conventions of western Anatolia in the Archaic and Classical periods. The conference aimed to discuss a wide range of topics including workshops, chronology and dating, cultural interactions, trade, movement of ceramics and the spread of ideas, characterisation and contextualising pottery, classification and archaeometric analysis. In this respect, the papers in this volume not only present the results of current research and archaeological material of western Asia Minor but also include new suggestions, approaches and questions in ceramic studies. The second Keramos conference on 'Archaic and Classical Western Anatolia: New Perspectives in the Ceramic Studies' is dedicated to the memory of Crawford H. Greenewalt Jr, director of the excavations at Sardis for more than 30 years, and professor at the University of California, Berkeley. After participating in several archaeological explorations in Turkey since 1959, Greenie played an important role and contributed to the advancement of archaeological research and knowledge especially in Lydia and western Anatolia.
The issues of institutionalization and demarcation of the boundaries of academic disciplines in recent years have received a significant interest, within the framework of new waves of epistemological and institutional research and interdisciplinarity. The aim of this work is to model the process of academic discipline’s institutionalization and the structure of its institutions by the case of accounting discipline, in the international and Russian context. Due to the specific nature of the subject, we will use the institutional approach as well as the associated socialnetwork approach within which discipline is viewed as the result of the interaction of individual actors, their groups and networks in the subject discourse. The paper identifies the reasons for interest in demarcating the boundaries of academic disciplines in general, and accounting in particular. The institutional structure of accounting is defined as a set of institutions of accounting practices (techniques and professions) and accounting knowledge (science and the dissemination of knowledge (education and professional communication)). The stages of development of all these institutions are structured; special attention is paid to the institutions of accounting knowledge. It is shown that today accounting, institutionally, is a mature academic discipline, a separate part of economic science and practice. The main features of accountants’ academic community network organization are revealed: its tightness facilitates the exchange of knowledge within the community, but also hinders the search for new objects and methods of research and interdisciplinarity. The features of the development of accounting institutions in the Russian academic environment are discussed. The importance of the results is due to the possibilities of social construction in society and in markets that are provided by all economic disciplines, including accounting. The model of the structure of institutions and networks presented in this work can be extended to other disciplines that will help overcome the existing gap between the content of domestic and foreign ideas about their institutional nature and subject fields, as well as the revision of Russian national educational and research classifications, the content of training programs in economic disciplines, including accounting.
The paper is focused around two biographical themes. Theme one is history of demolishing Leningrad school of dramatic theory developed in the State Institute of History of Art (GIII) in the 1920s. In 1931, the GIII was closed by a Sovnarkom resolution and transformed into Leningrad division of the State Academy of Art Studies (LOGAIS) established by the same resolution. Theme two is description of the ‘academic traumatism’, traumatic behavior and its biographical effects caused by destruction of a whole scientific trend during the anti-formalism campaign of the early 1930s. Based on archival documents (from the Russian State Archive of Literature and Art), shorthand notes and reports on discussions of the 1930s, we analyze and classify behavioral tactics of initiators, participants and victims of the longstanding stigmatization and catalog absolutory, denunciative and repentant narratives. Several documents are analyzed as climax points of polemics and demolition of the scientific community. The most important of them is the unpublished letter to the editors of Rabochiy i Teatr journal written by Alexander Slonimsky, mostly known in the world of science as a Pushkinist. Through the 1920s–1930s, Slonimsky was one of the key players in development and obliteration of dramatic theory associated primarily with Alexei Gvozdev’s group and with transformation and dissolution of the leading humanities institutes. When compared to the regular reports on scourging and self-recrimination of members of the theatrological ‘clique’, the text of the letter appears to be engrained in the complicated mosaic of measures aimed to discredit Meyerhold’s theater practice and Gvozdev as the leader of the scientific school. Deliberate misinterpretation and corruption of self-descriptions along with reconstruction of biographies are some of the most crucial factors that affected reception of cultural projects and their creators in the 1930s and later.
In his book Government of Paper, Matthew Hull questions the way in which bureaucracies are enacted in practice through the analysis of the material products of their lifecycle—documents. Documents constantly engage with different people, places, and things, becoming “bureaucratic objects” that mediate all actors and objects involved. Previously overlooked in theoretical studies, the material side of documents seems to be crucial for shaping the governance of a city and its inhabitants. As writing practices and “graphic artifacts” establish a stable relationship between words and things, discourse, and individuals/objects/environments, a focus on documents can provide a new methodological perspective in the analysis of state bureaucracies. The book contains six parts: The introduction provides the reader with a theoretical framework on the material practices of bureaucracy establishment. It is followed by five thematic chapters devoted to different types of widely used documents among state bureaucrats of the Islamabad Capital Territory Administration (ICTA) and Capital Development Authority (CDA).