Fairness Meets Machine Learning: Searching For A Better Balance
Высшая школа экономики , 2019.
Machine learning (ML) affects nearly every aspect of our lives, including the weightiest ones such as criminal justice. As it becomes more widespread, however, it raises the question of how we can integrate fairness into ML algorithms to ensure that all citizens receive equal treatment and to avoid imperiling society’s democratic values. In this paper we study various formal definitions of fairness that can be embedded into ML algorithms and show that the root cause of most debates about AI fairness is society’s lack of a consistent understanding of fairness generally. We conclude that AI regulations stipulating an abstract fairness principle are ineffective societally. Capitalizing on extensive related work in computer science and the humanities, we present an approach that can help ML developers choose a formal definition of fairness suitable for a particular country and application domain. Abstract rules from the human world fail in the ML world and ML developers will never be free from criticism if the status quo remains. We argue that the law should shift from an abstract definition of fairness to a formal legal definition. Legislators and society as a whole should tackle the challenge of defining fairness, but since no definition perfectly matches the human sense of fairness, legislators must publicly acknowledge the drawbacks of the chosen definition and assert that the benefits outweigh them. Doing so creates transparent standards of fairness to ensure that technology serves the values and best interests of society.
Montreal : Curran Associates, 2017
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 30 (NIPS 2017) ...
Added: October 19, 2017
AAAI Press, 2020
The Thirty-Fourth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence was held on February 7–12th, 2020 in New York, New York, USA. The surge in public interest in AI technologies, which we have witnessed over the past few years, continued to accelerate in 2019–2020, with the societal and economic impact of AI becoming a central point of public ...
Added: October 11, 2020
The CLA conference is an international forum for researchers, practitioners and students dedicated to the practice of Formal Concept Analysis (FCA) and areas closely related to it, including data analysis and mining, information retrieval, knowledge management, knowledge engineering, logic, algebra and lattice theory. The 15th of CLA, CLA 2020, was going to be held in Tallinn, Estonia ...
Added: October 30, 2020
Added: November 20, 2017
Added: October 21, 2019
Использование искусственного интеллекта в вопросах выявления и противодействия коррупции: обзор международного опыта
, , Государственное управление. Электронный вестник 2021 № 84 С. 241-255
In this article, the authors, using the example of several foreign publications, analyze the trends in the use of artificial intelligence and machine learning in discernment of corruption. Based on the international review, the authors make the conclusion that the mechanisms for detecting corruption, based on the use of artificial intelligence, described in foreign sources, ...
Added: February 25, 2021
The Fifth HCT Information Technology Trends (ITT 2018) is a major international research conference for the presentation of innovative ideas, approaches, technologies, research findings and outcomes, best practices and case studies, national and international projects, institutional standards and policies on Emerging Technologies for Artificial Intelligence. ITT 2018 will provide an outstanding forum for researchers, practitioners, ...
Added: February 28, 2019
Chelyabinsk : IEEE, 2018
The 2018 Global Smart Industry Conference is organized in order to exchange experience, promote discussion and presentation of research papers, and summarize results in development of innovative models, methods and technologies for the digital industry in universities, scientific and industrial associations of the Russian Federation as well as in foreign companies, and the experience of ...
Added: November 25, 2019
AIST: International Conference on Analysis of Images, Social Networks and Texts. 8th International Conference, AIST 2019, Kazan, Russia, July 17–19, 2019, Revised Selected Papers
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Analysis of Images, Social Networks and Texts, AIST 2019, held in Kazan, Russia, in July 2019. The 24 full papers and 10 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 134 submissions (of which 21 papers were rejected without being reviewed). The papers are organized ...
Added: February 9, 2020
Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Technologies are very important tools in building intelligent systems with various degree of autonomous behavior. These groups of tools support such features as ability to learn and adaptability of the intelligent systems in various types of environments and situations. The current and future Information Society is expecting to be implemented with ...
Added: September 26, 2021
, , et al., Всероссийский криминологический журнал 2015 Т. 9 № 3 С. 423-430
Modern criminalists do not share a common opinion regarding the choice of parameters which could be used to work out a system of characteristics to differentiate a maniac killer from an ordinary person. This hinders the development of efficient software for investigation purposes. The paper describes the experience of developing a neural network that can ...
Added: October 1, 2015
Formal Concept Analysis: 16th International Conference, ICFCA 2021, Strasbourg, France, June 29 – July 2, 2021, Proceedings
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Formal Concept Analysis, ICFCA 2021, held in Strasbourg, France, in June/July 2021. The 14 full papers and 5 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 32 submissions. The book also contains four invited contributions in full paper length. The research part ...
Added: July 10, 2021
, Международный журнал гражданского и торгового права 2019 № 2 С. 19-29
Digital transformation fundamentally changes the way business works and will work regardless of the industry. Companies should consider that the value of technology, as part of digital transformation, lies in the ability to radically transform the business and completely change or replace the company's business model. The digital transformation strategy should be constantly reviewed and ...
Added: September 2, 2021
, Zilsel. Science, Technique, Société 2019 No. 5 P. 446-468
L’ouvrage d’Adrian Mackenzie, professeur au Département de sociologie à l’Université de Lancaster, est d’un genre inédit au sein de la littérature émergente, mais encore peu étendue en sciences humaines et sociales, qui explore le fonctionnement du machine learning (ML). Les avancées spectaculaires de cette branche de l’intelligence artificielle (IA) depuis quelques années ont éclipsé les ...
Added: June 4, 2019
, , in : 2018 Fifth HCT Information Technology Trends (ITT). : IEEE, 2018. P. 1-6.
The law of accelerating returns can be viewed as a concept that describes acceleration of technological progress. The idea is that tools are used for developing more advanced tools that are applied for creating even more advanced tools etc. A similar idea has been implemented in algorithms for advancing artificial intelligence. In this paper, the ...
Added: February 28, 2019
, Логистика и управление цепями поставок 2018 № 4 (87) С. 27-33
One of the options for a more flexible approach to analyzing the reliability of supply chains is the principal component analysis (PCA). With a large number of variables describing supply chain, it is a difficult task to analyze the structure of variables in two-dimensional space. Within the analysis of the variables dependencies PCA allows to ...
Added: November 29, 2018
Интегрированные модели и мягкие вычисления в искусственном интеллекте. Сборник научных трудов IX-й Международной научно-практической конференции (Коломна, 19-22 мая 2019 г.)
Переславль-Залесский : Российская ассоциация искусственного интеллекта, 2019
Научно-практическая конференция посвящена вопросам построения интегрированных систем и реализации мягких вычислений в искусственном интеллекте. Основные направления работы конференции: Гибридные интеллектуальные системы и синергетический ИИ. Мягкие вычисления, измерения и оценки. Интеллектуальные вычисления. Вычисления, инспирированные природой. Гранулярные вычисления и вычисления со словами. Неклассические логики и семантики в ИИ. Многозначные, паранепротиворечивые и модальные логики ...
Added: January 28, 2020
Разработка интеллектуального голосового ассистента и исследование обучающей способности алгоритмов распознавания естественного языка
, , et al., Системный администратор 2017 № 12 С. 80-85
The development of cognitive technologies contributes to the effective introduction of Artificial Intelligence into the everyday life of a person. New interfaces for device-human interaction appear. Understanding the natural language of human is one of the most promising areas of the development of Artificial Intelligence. Voice assistants are a striking example of such systems, they ...
Added: December 10, 2017
, , Наука и техника транспорта 2018 № 4 С. 70-76
Показаны современные методы обработки данных в задаче анализа деятельности локомотивных бригад, как ключевого фактора надежности работы электроподвижного состава. Ключевая задача заключается в поиске зависимостей в данных и построении алгоритмов определения вероятности совершения нарушения локомотивными бригадами. В итоге проведенных исследований были получены достаточно высокие результаты как на обучающей, так и на тестовой выборках. ...
Added: December 9, 2018
Data Analytics and Management in Data Intensive Domains. 23rd International Conference, DAMDID/RCDL 2021, Moscow, Russia, October 26–29, 2021, Revised Selected Papers
“Data Analytics and Management in Data Intensive Domains” conference (DAMDID) is planned as a multidisciplinary forum of researchers and practitioners from various domains of science and research promoting cooperation and exchange of ideas in the area of data analysis and management in data intensive domains. Approaches to data analysis and management being developed in specific data intensive domains of X-informatics (such as X = astro, bio, chemo, geo, medicine, neuro, physics, ...
Added: August 30, 2021
, , et al., ACM SIGIR Forum 2016 Vol. 49 No. 2 P. 72-79
This paper provides the reader with a report on 9th Russian Summer School in Information Retrieval (RuSSIR 2015). ...
Added: February 27, 2017
Added: October 3, 2020
Proceedings of Machine Learning Research. Proceedings of the International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML 2017)
Sydney : [б.и.], 2017
Proceedings of Machine Learning Research. Volume 70: International Conference on Machine Learning, 6-11 August 2017, International Convention Centre, Sydney, Australia ...
Added: February 25, 2018
Analysis of Images, Social Networks and Texts Third International Conference, AIST 2014, Yekaterinburg, Russia, April 10-12, 2014, Revised Selected Papers
Berlin : Springer, 2014
This book constitutes the proceedings of the Third International Conference on Analysis of Images, Social Networks and Texts, AIST 2014, held in Yekaterinburg, Russia, in April 2014. The 11 full and 10 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 74 submissions. They are presented together with 3 short industrial papers, 4 invited papers and ...
Added: November 13, 2014