Does green bonds placement create value for firms?
The paper is focused on the analysis of Russian stock market reaction on the announcements related to innovative activity of Russian traded companies. We use event study methodology to estimate abnormal stock returns in the announcement day. It is assumed that information about company’s progress in innovative activity is incorporated in stock prices. Therefore, if stock market investors positively perceive company's developments and its disclosure, it should be positive abnormal stock returns. The results show that Russian investors positively assess the announcements about completion of innovative project or its stage. Moreover, the reaction is independent of innovation type: development of a new product, production technology or organization practices. In addition, the reaction is stronger for larger companies that corresponds to increasing returns to scale assumption.
This study focuses on the analysis of the financial impact of positive and negative PR-communication on the Russian aviation market. The influence of all types of PR activity on increase in shares sales was found and attributed on the example of three largest Russian airlines. It is also shown that an increase in the number of negative information about the company in mass media leads to decrease its share prices, which will not happen in the reverse case, an increase in the quantity of positive information does not leads to increase share prices and prices volatility.
The problem of stationarity of sign coincidence of returns is considered. Statinarity of sign coincidence of a pair of stocks is tested by two sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Chi-Square tests. Multiple comparison pocedures, such as Bonferroni and Holm procedures, are employed to test stationarity of sign coincidence in market network and to control the family-wise error rate (FWER). The method is validated for testing stationarity of stock's prices and returns. It is shown that the hypotheesis of stationarity is rejected for prices and it is not rejected for returns and their sign coincidence on some significance level.
In the past decade, the debt capital markets have seen the emergence of a new type of financial instruments, so called “green bonds”. Efforts of governments around the world to transition to a more sustainable economy as well as the availability of socially responsible investors contributed to a successful establishment and dynamic development of this segment. Certain investors might prefer these kinds of instruments over regular bonds thanks to their added environmental component, creating an incentive for issuers and other market participants to enter the green bond market. The below article examines the unique features of the green bonds and the possibility of introduction of such financial instruments in Russia.
The problem of stability of connections of stock returns over time is considered. This problem is formulated as a multiple testing problem of homogeneity of covariance matrices. A statistical procedure based on Box’s M-test and Bonferroni correction is proposed. This procedure is applied to French and German stock markets.
In contrast to competition authorities in developed countries, Russian competition authority often applies price cap on domestic wholesale price for large exporting companies. Competition authority issues remedies under merger approval or as a part of infringement decisions. Until recently, remedies are considered almost exclusively as a sign of intention of Federal Antitrust Service, Russian Federation, to expand the influence on markets and to restore price regulation. In this context price remedies never have any positive effects.
We suggest an alternative explanation. Large exporters of raw materials that obtain monopoly power due to mergers or protectionist policies exercise third-degree price discrimination. Prices for domestic customers, that are higher than export prices, decrease social welfare within the country. Price remedy is one of the ways to prevent price discrimination, together with import liberalization and sanctions for excessive prices.
We analyze the impact of incremental market power due to mergers or protectionist trade policies as well as compensatory measures applied by Federal Antitrust Service, Russian Federation, on the markets of metals. As methods for empirical estimations financial event study and difference-in-differences method are applied. None of the instruments - including price remedies, antitrust investigations, the reduction of import tariffs - shows a clear advantage over others. With a reasonable degree of confidence we can only say that the lack of compensatory measures would be accompanied by higher prices in the domestic markets, up to several dozen percent.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.