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Working paper

Firms’ Perspectives On Innovation Policy Measures

The article explores the effectiveness of public policies to encourage innovation by industry, and in particular to develop industry-science interactions. The demand and impact of innovation policy measures on enterprises’ behaviour is investigated based on the results from a specialized survey of high-tech and medium high-tech manufacturing enterprises in Russia, conducted in 2018. The empirical approach is based on the concept of additionality allowing to determine the net effects of policy interventions. Particular attention is paid to the comparison of changes in the behaviour of enterprises (behavioral additionality) depending on their innovation strategies, including the decision to cooperate with universities and R&D organizations. The results indicate that while there is a strong demand for policy instruments used to promote innovation, they do not provide significant additional impacts to the business’ innovation activity. State efforts to promote industry-science cooperation seem to be ineffective. Public support contributes to reinforcing already established links, but does not lead to the emergence of new research partnerships.