VISUALIZING ATTRACTIVE SPOTS FOR VISITORS AND THE MAKING OF THE TOURIST PLACES AT THE BLACK SEA COAST OF RUSSIA (THE END OF THE 19TH AND THE BEGINNING OF THE 20-TH CENTURIES)
Russian guidebooks evolved to become more practical and utilitarian at end of the 19th century, several decades later than in Europe. By analyzing an extensive body of Russian travel guides, we explore the network of actors who actively engaged in this transformation. We approach travel guides as complex artifacts that combine social interaction and market logistics, integrating elements from the past and present, from different geographical locations, and from the various professional activities of authors, publishers, and entrepreneurs to inform increasingly diverse consumers. Approaching travel guides collectively as a boundary object helps shed light on the processes of commercialization of travel and emergence of the tourism industry in the Russian Empire, which were set in motion not only by work arrangements of governmental bodies but also, and more significantly, by public and commercial initiatives.
Iran has remained one of the most effective tools in Russia's foreign policy towards the West for more than two hundred years. Drawing on previously unpublished and recently declassified sources which change the established wisdom on many aspects of the history of Russia and Iran, Denis V. Volkov examines this relationship, and situates it within the broader context of Oriental studies. With a particular focus on the activities of scholars-diplomats, as well as scholars involved in academia, missionary activities and the military within their own professional domains, Volkov analyses the interaction of intellectuals with state structures and their participation in the process of shaping and conducting foreign policy towards Iran. This work explores the specific institutional practices of Russia's Oriental studies, including organisation of scholarly intelligence networks, taking advantage of state power for the promotion of institutional and individual interests, and profound engagement with Russia's domestic and foreign policy discourses of its time.
This article examines special features of pleasure gardens (amusement parks) in the late imperial Russia and demonstrates them as sociocultural phenomena. The author attempts to broaden the horizon of the urban leisure studies by addressing to the experience of amusement parks and urban history studies gained by the foreign colleagues. Pleasure gardens appeared to be remarkable phenomena in the urban space of the late imperial Russia in both, a province and capital cities. They managed to become the fin-de-siècle translators of the developing mass culture and were also a place where high culture met the low. The author stresses the significant contribution of the pleasure gardens into the leveling of the audience tastes and into the leisure democratization.