European Mainstream Parties' Strategies in Response to the Right-Wing Populism: the UK Case
The article explores the question how the European political mainstream responds to the challenges of right-wing populism and what effects it brings to the resilience of the political system. The empirical material for the article is the British case. Focusing on the internal dimension of the concept of resilience, we use the classification of the mainstream strategic responses developed by W. Downs and the analytical tools of historical institutionalism to investigate the mainstream strategic responses (Conservative and Labor) to the challenges of right-wing populism (United Kingdom Independence Party, UKIP) in UK. As a result of the research, it was concluded that the political mainstream is moving from ignoring strategies to mixed strategies, in this case, cooptation of UKIP’s program with elements of political and institutional isolation. Such strategies are effective from an electoral point of view, but at the same time they carry “unintended consequences” for the resilience of the whole political system.
The article outlines key problems to be solved by the researches of euroscepticism in Central and South-Eastern Europe. It reveals sub-regional and national peculiarities of euroscepticism, its classification of hard and mild, right and left, oppositional and in power, pro-American and Russia-friendly, public and political class, values-based and pragmatic ones. The author also stresses the necessity to pay attention to the influence of eurosceptic mood in Old Europe and Russia on the region under review.
The article analyzes the political reality of modern Europe. The migration crisis, terroristic attacks in Paris and Brussels have led to protests and the strengthening of the ultra-right-wing parties in the European society. We have to admit that in the political reality of Europe there is a conflict of identity politics and the politics of tolerance, a conflict of democratic values and the values of liberalism. This tension is a result of the policy of liberalism. The phenomenon of political nostalgia has been activated in the European political thinking, which gives rise to the myth of the blessed past of Europe. Does this really mean that the era of progressive, liberal Europe is ending? Maybe Europe needs new leaders, who formulate a request for a new political elite? The victory of the Eurosceptic right candidate Norbert Hofer in the first round of presidential elections in Austria in 2016 is a clear evidence that the request for the right-wing politicians in Europe is great. The fraction in the European Parliament entitled «Europe of Nations and Freedom» (2015) unites MPs from far-right European parties. Predicting the imminent end of the project of the United Europe, this group is opposed to the policy of the EU and advocates the revival of the European nation-states.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.