This article describes and analyses the main instruments of state housing policy applied in different countries. In addition, it proposed a quantitative approach to the measurement of the intensity of state regulation of market rental housing. With the help of indexes of intensity of regulation, characterizing instruments such as the limitation of rent, protection of tenants from eviction and the rationing of housing, we show the main trends of state intervention in 81 countries/provinces from 1910 to 2017. In addition, the article examined in details the housing policy in three countries: Germany, USA and Russia.
The paper aims at measuring the general state intervention in rental housing market in Germany from 1913 through 2015. Four policy classes are considered: Incentives for social housing, tenant protection, housing rationing, and rent controls. Based on a legislation analysis, for each class an index measuring the degree of regulation is constructed. The indices reflect dramatic increases in regulations during and after the World Wars. The 2010s are characterized by a surge in all classes of regulations related to the growing housing scarcity in large cities due to interregional migration leading to a geographical mismatch between housing supply and demand.