The eigenvalue problem for the perturbed resonant oscillator is considered. A method for constructing asymptotic solutions near the boundaries of spectral clusters using a new integral representation is proposed. The problem of calculating the averaged values of differential operators on solutions near the cluster boundaries is studied.
A hybrid of two novel methods - additive fuzzy spectral clustering and lifting method over a taxonomy - is applied to analyse the research activities of a department. To be specific, we concentrate on the Computer Sciences area represented by the ACM Computing Classification System (ACM-CCS), but the approach is applicable also to other taxonomies. Clusters of the taxonomy subjects are extracted using an original additive spectral clustering method involving a number of model-based stopping conditions. The clusters are parsimoniously lifted then to higher ranks of the taxonomy by minimizing the count of “head subjects” along with their “gaps” and “offshoots”. An example is given illustrating the method applied to real-world data.
This paper presents a relatively rare case of an optimization problem in data analysis to admit a globally optimal solution by a recursive algorithm. We are concerned with finding a most specific generalization of a fuzzy set of topics assigned to leaves of domain taxonomy represented by a rooted tree. The idea is to “lift” the set to its “head subject” in the higher ranks of the taxonomy tree. The head subject is supposed to “tightly” cover the query set, possibly bringing in some errors, either “gaps” or “offshoots” or both. Our method globally minimizes a penalty function combining the numbers of head subjects and gaps and offshoots, differently weighted. We apply this to a collection of 17645 research papers on Data Science published in 17 Springer journals for the past 20 years. We extract a taxonomy of Data Science (TDS) from the international Association for Computing Machinery Computing Classification System 2012. We find fuzzy clusters of leaf topics over the text collection, optimally lift them to head subjects in TDS, and comment on the tendencies of current research following from the lifting results.
We define a most specific generalization of a fuzzy set of topics assigned to leaves of the rooted tree of a domain taxonomy. This generalization lifts the set to its 'head subject' in the higher ranks of the taxonomy tree. The head subject is supposed to 'tightly' cover the query set, possibly bringing in some errors, both 'gaps' and 'offshoots'. Our method globally minimizes a penalty function combining the numbers of head subjects and gaps and offshoots, differently weighted. We apply this to a collection of about 18000 research papers published in Springer journals on Data Science for the past 20 years. We extract a taxonomy of Data Science from the international Association for Computing Machinery Computing Classification System 2012 (ACM-CCS). We find fuzzy clusters of leaf topics over the text collection and use lifted head subjects of the thematic clusters to comment on the tendencies of current research in the corresponding aspects of the domain.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.