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## On monodromy in families of elliptic curves over C

Cornell University
,
2018.

We show that if we are given a smooth non-isotrivial family of elliptic curves over ℂ with a smooth base B for which the general fiber of the mapping J:B→𝔸^1 (assigning j-invariant of the fiber to a point) is connected, then the monodromy group of the family (acting on H1(⋅,ℤ) of the fibers) coincides with SL(2,ℤ); if the general fiber has m≥2 connected components, then the monodromy group has index at most 2m in SL(2,ℤ). By contrast, in any family of hyperelliptic curves of genus g≥3, the monodromy group is strictly less than Sp(2g,ℤ).
Some applications are given, including that to monodromy of hyperplane sections of Del Pezzo surfaces.

Verbitsky M., Mehrotra S., Markman E., European Journal of Mathematics 2019 Vol. 5 No. 3 P. 964-1012

Let S be a K3 surface and M a smooth and projective 2n-dimensional moduli space of stable coherent sheaves on S. Over 𝑀×𝑀 there exists a rank 2𝑛−2 reflexive hyperholomorphic sheaf 𝐸_𝑀, whose fiber over a non-diagonal point (𝐹_1, 𝐹_2) is Ext^1_𝑆 (𝐹_1, 𝐹_2). The sheaf 𝐸_𝑀 can be deformed along some twistor path to a sheaf 𝐸_𝑋 over the Cartesian square 𝑋×𝑋 of every Kähler manifold X deformation equivalent to M. We prove that 𝐸_𝑋 is ...

Added: March 11, 2019

Esterov A. I., Gusev G. G., Mathematische Annalen 2016 Vol. 365 No. 3 P. 1091-1110

We generalize the Abel–Ruffini theorem to arbitrary dimension, i.e. classify general square systems of polynomial equations solvable by radicals. In most cases, they reduce to systems whose tuples of Newton polytopes have mixed volume not exceeding 4. The proof is based on topological Galois theory, which ensures non-solvability by any formula involving quadratures and single-valued ...

Added: February 27, 2017

V. V. Shevchishin, Izvestiya. Mathematics 2009 Vol. 73 No. 4 P. 797-859

In this paper we prove the non-existence of Lagrangian embeddings of the Klein bottle K in R4 and CP2. We exploit the existence of a special embedding of K in a symplectic Lefschetz pencil pr:X→S2 and study its monodromy. As the main technical tool, we develop the combinatorial theory of mapping class groups. The results ...

Added: March 18, 2013

Netay I. V., Савватеев А. В., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2016.

The paper is devoted to the description of family of scalene triangles for which the triangle formed by the intersection points of bisectors with opposite sides is isosceles.
We call them Sharygin triangles.
It turns out that they are parametrized by an open subset of an elliptic curve.
Also we prove that there are infinitely many non-similar integer ...

Added: October 19, 2016

Nesterenko A., Математические вопросы криптографии 2014 Vol. 5 No. 2 P. 99-102

In this article we present an algorithm for constructing an elliptic curve endomorphism for given complex irrationality. This endomorphism can be used for speeding up a group operation on elliptic curve. ...

Added: February 2, 2015

Brav C. I., Thomas H., Compositio Mathematica 2014 Vol. 150 No. 3 P. 343-333

We show that some hypergeometric monodromy groups in Sp(4,Z) split as free or amalgamated products and hence by cohomological considerations give examples of Zariski dense, non-arithmetic monodromy groups of real rank 2. In particular, we show that the monodromy of the natural quotient of the Dwork family of quintic threefolds in P^{4} splits as Z*Z/5. ...

Added: September 29, 2014

Pavlov A., Mathematische Zeitschrift 2021 No. 297 P. 223-254

We show that for maximal Cohen–Macaulay modules over the homogeneous coordinate ring of a smooth Calabi–Yau varieties X, the computation of Betti numbers can be reduced to computations of dimensions of certain HomHom spaces in the bounded derived category Db(X). In the simplest case of a smooth elliptic curve E embedded in P2 as a smooth cubic, we get explicit values for Betti ...

Added: October 31, 2020

Bogomolov F. A., Fu H., European Journal of Mathematics 2018 Vol. 4 No. 2 P. 555-560

We construct pairs of elliptic curves over number fields with large intersection of projective torsion points. ...

Added: September 13, 2018

Brown F., / arxive. Series math "nt". 2013. No. arXiv:1110.6917v2.

Abstract. We study the de Rham fundamental group of the configuration space
E (n) of n + 1 marked points on a complex elliptic curve E, and define multiple
elliptic polylogarithms. These are multivalued functions on E (n) with unipotent
monodromy, and are constructed by a general averaging procedure. We show
that all iterated integrals on E (n) , ...

Added: May 14, 2014

Alexander Esterov, Lang L., Geometry and Topology 2021 Vol. 25 No. 6 P. 3053-3077

Let C_d be the space of non-singular, univariate polynomials of degree d. The Viète map V sends a polynomial to its unordered set of roots. It is a classical fact that the induced map V_∗ at the level of fundamental groups realises an isomorphism between π_1(C_d) and the Artin braid group B_d. For fewnomials, or equivalently for the intersection C of C_d with a collection of coordinate ...

Added: October 27, 2020

Serge Lvovski, Manuscripta Mathematica 2014 Vol. 145 P. 235-242

We show that using an idea from a paper by Van de Ven one may obtain a
simple proof of Zak's classification of smooth projective surfaces
with zero vanishing cycles. This method of proof allows one to extend
Zak's theorem to the case of finite characteristic. ...

Added: October 14, 2014

Yu. Burman, Serge Lvovski, Moscow Mathematical Journal 2015 Vol. 15 No. 1 P. 31-48

Suppose that C ⊂ P^2 is a general enough nodal plane curve
of degree > 2, : \hat C → C is its normalization, and π: C′ → P^1 is a finite
morphism simply ramified over the same set of points as a projection
pr_p ◦ν : \hat C → P1, where p ∈ P^2 ...

Added: January 14, 2015

Takebe T., International Journal of Modern Physics A 2004 Vol. 19, May suppl. P. 418-435

Trigonometric degeneration of the Baxter-Belavin elliptic r matrix is described by the degeneration of the twisted WZW model on elliptic curves. The spaces of conformal blocks and conformal coinvariants of the degenerate model are factorised into those of the orbifold WZW model. ...

Added: August 14, 2014

Takeuchi K., Esterov A. I., Lemahieu A., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2016. No. arXiv:1309.0630v4.

Recently the second author and Van Proeyen proved the monodromy conjecture on topological zeta functions for all non-degenerate surface singularities. In this paper, we obtain higher-dimensional analogues of their results, which, in particular, prove the conjecture for all isolated singularities of 4 variables, as well as for many classes of non-isolated and higher-dimensional singularities. One ...

Added: September 18, 2017

Esterov A. I., Compositio Mathematica 2019 Vol. 155 No. 2 P. 229-245

We prove that the monodromy group of a reduced irreducible square system of general polynomial equations equals the symmetric group. This is a natural first step towards the Galois theory of general systems of polynomial equations, because arbitrary systems split into reduced irreducible ones upon monomial changes of variables.
In particular, our result proves the multivariate ...

Added: February 5, 2019

Brown F., / arxive. Series math "nt". 2013. No. 1110.6917.

Abstract. We study the de Rham fundamental group of the configuration space
E (n) of n + 1 marked points on a complex elliptic curve E, and define multiple
elliptic polylogarithms. These are multivalued functions on E (n) with unipotent
monodromy, and are constructed by a general averaging procedure. We show
that all iterated integrals on E (n) , ...

Added: May 14, 2014

Takebe T., Kuroki G., Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical 2001 Vol. 34 No. 11 P. 2403-2413

We construct a Gaudin type lattice model as the Wess-Zumino-Witten model on elliptic curves at the critical level. Bethe eigenvectors are obtained by the bosonisation technique. ...

Added: August 14, 2014

Serge Lvovski, / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2017.

We show that the monodromy group acting on $H^1(\cdot,\mathbb Z)$ of a smooth
hyperplane section of a del Pezzo surface over $\mathbb C$ is the entire
group $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb Z)$. For smooth surfaces with $b_1=0$ and hyperplane section
of genus $g>2$, there exist examples in which a similar assertion is
false. Actually, if hyperplane sections of ...

Added: June 14, 2017

Esterov A. I., Takeuchi K., Ando K., Advances in Mathematics 2015 Vol. 272 P. 1-19

We study the monodromies at infinity of confluent A-hypergeometric functions introduced by Adolphson. In particular, we compute the monodromy zeta-function. ...

Added: October 10, 2014

Vyugin I. V., Гонцов Р. Р., Успехи математических наук 2012 Т. 67 № 3 (405) С. 183-184

Получено обобщение результата Ильяшенко-Хованского, утверждающего, что разрешимость в квадратурах фуксовой системы с малыми коэффициентами эквивалентна ее треугольности. В работе этот результат обобщен на случай систем с малыми собственными значениями матриц вычетов. ...

Added: February 21, 2013

Khoroshkin S. M., Tsuboi Z., Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical 2014 Vol. 47 P. 1-11

We consider the 'universal monodromy operators' for the Baxter Q-operators. They are given as images of the universal R-matrix in oscillator representation. We find related universal factorization formulas in the Uq(\hat{sl}(2)) case. ...

Added: December 8, 2014

Brown F., Levin A., / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2013. No. 1110.6917 [.

Abstract. We study the de Rham fundamental group of the configuration sp ace of several marked points on a complex elliptic curve, and define multiple elliptic polylogarithms. These are multivalued functions with unipotent monodromy, and are constructed by a general averaging proce dure. We show that all iterated integrals on this configuration space can be ...

Added: October 4, 2013

Poberezhny V. A., / ИТЭФ. Series "Препринты ИТЭФ". 2012. No. 57/12.

In this work we investigate the action of generalized Schlesinger transformation on the isomonodromic families of meromorphic connections on the linear bundles of rank two and degree zero over an elliptic curve. The main interest is the action of the gauge transformation on the moduli space of vector bundles. the central result is the explicit ...

Added: March 31, 2014

Rybakov S., Mathematical notes 2016 Vol. 99 No. 3 P. 397-405

Let S be a bielliptic surface over a finite field, and let an elliptic curve B be the Albanese variety of S; then the zeta function of the surface S is equal to the zeta function of the direct product P1 × B. Therefore, the classification problem for the zeta functions of bielliptic surfaces is ...

Added: July 8, 2016