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Working paper

Painlevé equations from Nakajima-Yoshioka blow-up relations

Gamayun, Iorgov and Lisovyy in 2012 proposed that tau function of the Painlevé equation equals to the series of c=1 Virasoro conformal blocks. We study similar series of c=−2 conformal blocks and relate it to Painlevé theory. The arguments are based on Nakajima-Yoshioka blow-up relations on Nekrasov partition functions. We also study series of q-deformed c=−2 conformal blocks and relate it to q-Painlevé equation. Using this we prove formula for the tau function of q-Painlevé A_7^{(1)′} equation.