### Working paper

## On the derived category of IGr(3,8)

Let R be a commutative Noetherian ring such that X=SpecR is connected. We prove that the category D^b(cohX) contains no proper full triangulated subcategories which are strongly generated. We also bound below the Rouquier dimension of a triangulated category T, if there exists a triangulated functor T→D^b(cohX) with certain properties. Applications are given to the cohomological annihilator of R and to point-like objects in T.

In this paper, all indecomposable two-term partial tilting complexes over a Brauer tree algebra with multiplicity 1 are described, using a criterion for a minimal projective presentation of a module to be a partial tilting complex. As an application, all two-term tilting complexes over a Brauer star algebra are described and their endomorphism rings are computed.

The study of derived categories is a subject that attracts increasingly many young mathematicians from various fields of mathematics, including abstract algebra, algebraic geometry, representation theory and mathematical physics. The concept of the derived category of sheaves was invented by Grothendieck and Verdier in the 1960s as a tool to express important results in algebraic geometry such as the duality theorem. In the 1970s, Beilinson, Gelfand and Gelfand discovered that a derived category of an algebraic variety may be equivalent to that of a finite dimensional non-commutative algebra, and Mukai found that there are non-isomorphic algebraic varieties that have equivalent derived categories. In this way the derived category provides a new concept that has many incarnations. In the 1990s, Bondal and Orlov uncovered an unexpected parallelism between derived categories and birational geometry. Kontsevich’s homological mirror symmetry provided further motivation for the study of derived categories. This book is the proceedings of a conference held at the University of Tokyo in January 2011 on the current status of the research on derived categories related to algebraic geometry. Most articles are survey papers on this rapidly developing field. The book is suitable for young mathematicians who want to enter this exciting field. Some basic knowledge of algebraic geometry is assumed.

This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.

In this paper we introduce new categorical notions and give many examples. In an earlier paper we proved that the Bridgeland stability space on the derived category of representations of K(l), thel-Kronecker quiver, is biholomorphic toC×Hfor l ≥ 3. In the present paper we define a new notion of norm, which distinguishes {Db(K(l))}l≥2. More precisely, to a triangulated category T which has property of a phase gap we attach a non-negative real number T ε. Natural assumptions on a SOD T = T1, T2 imply T1, T2ε ≤ min{T1ε , T2ε}. Using the norm we define a topology on the set of equivalence classes of proper triangulated categories with a phase gap, such that the set of discrete derived categories is a discrete subset, whereas the rationality of a smooth surface S ensures that [Db(point)] ∈ Cl([Db(S)]). Categories in a neighborhood of Db(K(l)) have the property that Db(K(l)) is embedded in each of them. We view such embeddings as non-commutative curves in the ambient category and introduce categorical invariants based on counting them. Examples show that the idea of non-commutative curve-counting opens directions to newcategorical structures and connections to number theory and classical geometry.We give a definition, which specializes to the non-commutative curve-counting invariants. In an example arising on the A side we specialize our definition to non-commutative Calabi–Yau curvecounting, where the entities we count are a Calabi–Yau modification of Db(K(l)). In the end we speculate that one might consider a holomorphic family of categories, introduced by Kontsevich, as a non-commutative extension with the norm, introduced here, playing a role similar to the classical notion of degree of an extension in Galois theory.

A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.

Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.