THE ANCHORING EFFECT IN MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS: EVIDENCE FROM AN EMERGING MARKET
This chapter surveys the recent trends in the literature on the performance of M&A deals in developed and emerging capital markets. This literature is voluminous, diverse and challenging. We focus on the transactions within one country – domestic M&As – in particular focusing on the methods that the researchers use to estimate whether M&A deals promote efficiency gains or not. We discuss the research instruments which allow an assessment of the effects of M&As on firm operating performance and on firm value. Analysing the results of latest empirical studies we reveal that target shareholders gain significantly in M&A deals. The evidence suggests that in most cases acquiring shareholders receive negative or insignificant returns in the short-run in developed capital markets, while in emerging economies acquiring shareholders mostly gain in M&A deals. Operating performance analysis reveals mixed results in developed and emerging capital markets, while the analysis of papers which use value performance indicators show the destruction of company value due to M&As in developed and emerging capital markets. The review also analyses studies that examine the relationship between different methods.
Issues of ex post evaluation of mergers and antitrust bodies prescriptions are discussed. Among them: interrelation of enactment and enforcement from the perspectives of errors of I and II types in antitrust mergers control; probable consequences of mergers for competition; Аннотации к статьям 206 тьям № 1, 2012 comparative advantages and failures of decision variants available for antitrust bodies; ways of decision-making in expected merger. Also there are issues on efficacy of antimonopoly body decisions taking into account cost of monitoring, sanctioning of mergers participants, including influence on competition condition on relevant markets.
This paper presents an empirical analysis of the Russian market of mergers and acquisitions in 2003-2012. This analysis allowed for the conclusion that, to assess and forecast the integration activity of Russian companies, the most precise and appropriate models are seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average models built on weighted observations to eliminate the effect of the structural changes which are characteristic of developing economies. Forecasting the values of development of the market for corporate control may serve as “input” information to form a prompt regulation system for the mergers and acquisitions of holding companies, which meets current needs.
The work deals with the constructions with the evaluative predicates in russian that are expressed with special forms with suffiz -o sich as holodno (it is cold), zamechatelno (it is nice), nuzchno (it is necessary) etc.. The main issue in focus is the role of Dative argument. Th aurthors show that the Dative argument usually associated with the experiencer semantic role can stand for the so-cold "reference point" for the evaluation. Thus the evaluative predicates could be devided into three classess according to the possibilities of Dative argument to express these two roles.
The industrial development of emerging markets has been a powerful driver for mergers and acquisitions. The contributions collected in this book assess major M&A deals in the largest emerging capital markets (Brazil, Russia, India, China) and their role in shareholder value creation in the markets’ specific business environments. In addition, the book explores various dimensions of M&A deals in order to summarize the main trends in corporate control markets in the largest emerging countries, and how they differ from those in developed countries; to identify deal-performance relationships and the determinants of success or failure; to reveal the drivers for the premium in M&A deals; and to capture market responses to different M&A strategies. By doing so, the book makes a significant contribution to the literature, which has to date largely focused on developed markets.
In the article we analyze the mergers between Russian and foreign companies influence on competition in metal industry. Using the event study approach confirms the statement that Russian metal suppliers have more market power in domestic market than foreign companies in their markets. Thus mergers in Russia may indeed lead to more anticompetitive consequences, negatively influencing social welfare.
This article is delighted to the mergers expected influence on competition in metal industry. The results confirm the statement that Russian metal producers have more market power in domestic market in comparison with foreign companies in their markets. Thus mergers in Russia may indeed lead to anticompetitive consequences, negatively influencing metal buyers welfare.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.