One of the goals of the first edition of this book back in 2005 was to present a coherent theory for K-Means partitioning and Ward hierarchical clustering. This theory leads to effective data pre-processing options, clustering algorithms and interpretation aids, as well as to firm relations to other areas of data analysis. The goal of this second edition is to consolidate, strengthen and extend this island of understanding in the light of recent developments. Moreover, the material on validation and interpretation of clusters is updated with a system better reflecting the current state of the art and with our recent ``lifting in taxonomies'' approach. The structure of the book has been streamlined by adding two Chapters: ``Similarity Clustering'' and ``Validation and Interpretation'', while removing two chapters: ``Different Clustering Approaches'' and ``General Issues.'' The Chapter on Mathematics of the data recovery approach, in a much extended version, almost doubled in size, now concludes the book. Parts of the removed chapters are integrated within the new structure. The change has added a hundred pages and a couple of dozen examples to the text and, in fact, transformed it into a different species of a book. In the first edition, the book had a Russian doll structure, with a core and a couple of nested shells around. Now it is a linear structure presentation of the data recovery clustering.
The report presents the results of a global study of biomedical clusters. Its goal is to identify and analyse the most successful international practices of promoting biomedical clusters, in which the cooperation of universities, firms and clinics, combined with a developed infrastructure and public support measures led to a significant improvement in the quality of healthcare. The edition summarises the positive effects of biomedical clusters, describes their global landscape and reveals the key success factors, which are then compared with the features of the Moscow International Medical Cluster activities. The publication is of practical interest to government officials, entrepreneurs, researchers, clinicians, and other professionals involved in the development of biomedical clusters, and to anyone else interested in healthcare and cluster policies.
This article deals with the basic issues which are related to technology transfer. It is proposed basic characteristics of the innovation infrastructure and the possible measures to modernize the process of the technology transfer in Russia.
A wireless sensor network of rectangular mesh confi guration and between 20 and 260 clusters of smart sensors is studied. The probability of failure-free operation and the duration of the polling cycle are estimated.
In this paper we describe the cluster modification for the method of conjugated interactions for resource allocation in real time. In contrast to the original method, this modification allows to guarantee an arbitrarily high stability of the structure of resource allocation regardless of the volatile context of solving the problem.
The authors of this paper present the results of their studies of genesis of the notion «innovation» and adjacent terms in regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, since 1998.
This article examines the evolution of the significance of cluster territories in resource - driven economies. Authors provides an analysis of factors in turning a territory into a habitat for an industrial cluster. Authors proposes stages in transforming an industrial cluster into an innovation cluster based on saturating the base territory with spatially affined production and scientific units, strong direct and indirect relations, and intensive knowledge flows. The outcome of geographic concentration is expected to be the cluster synergy effects, which "turns into" the cumulative territory effect with reflection in positive social - economic processes. Authors have conducted the testing of particular cluster territories for the intensity of using a cluster territory.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management