KIBS for Public Needs
Public Administration. PA. Высшая школа экономики , 2015. No. WP BRP 27/PA/2015.
Knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) are a rapidly developing sector of modern economies. Numerous studies suggest that KIBS facilitate knowledge exchange between providers and consumers, and improve the innovativeness of the latter. However, because KIBS are strongly reliant on service co-production by the customer and provider working in partnership, intensive cooperation between the two parties is essential. Public procurement may offer supporting mechanisms for this sector, both directly (by purchasing services) and indirectly (by demonstrating the benefits of KIBS consumption, which may stimulate a demand for them from the private sector). Yet, legislative constraints on the types of admissible public procurement mechanisms may have an undesirable effect on the provider selection, meaning that services may not be purchased from the most efficient or the most suitable provider. Alongside this, public bodies are known to be managerially less efficient than private firms, partly due to their distorted system of incentives. These key differences between the public and private sectors motivated us to study the efficiency of publicly procuring KIBS. In particular, we find that consumers of KIBS in the public sector report lower satisfaction from KIBS and admit a lower level of co-production than the private sector. Our main recommendations refer to the optimal choice of procurement mechanisms and the system of incentives in public institutions.
, , et al., Public Procurement Efficiency As Perceived By Market Participants: The Case Of Russia / НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP Series "Public and Social Policy". 2021. No. 29.
Added: July 15, 2021
Регламентированные закупки в России: как повысить стимулирующую роль расходов бюджетов и регулируемых компаний
, , et al., Госзаказ: управление, размещение, обеспечение 2020 № 60 С. 28-61
Перед экономической политикой России, как и всех других стран в 2020 году, стоит задача поддержки экономики. Среди инструментов решения этой задачи значительное место занимают бюджетные расходы и расходы контролируемых государством компаний. Эти расходы достигают величины, равной трети ВВП России (что вдвое и более выше аналогичного показателя для стран ОЭСР). Из контролируемых государством расходов (по суммам ...
Added: August 2, 2020
, , , Games and Economic Behavior 2019 Vol. 117 P. 289-315
We experimentally study sequential procurement auctions where bidders' capacity constraints are private information. Our experiment involves two first-price auctions with a belief elicitation stage at the end of the first. Our results show that (i) observed behavior in the second auction is overall consistent with sequential rationality; (ii) first auction bids are decreasing in the ...
Added: October 1, 2019
, , , European Journal of Political Economy 2020
We empirically compare bids (i.e. prices) from temporary partnerships (TPs), that outsource part of the contract before the auction, and firms that outsource afterwards. Using a comprehensive dataset on procurement auctions for public works in Valle d’Aosta (Italy), we find that the timing of outsourcing affects the bids and the probability of winning the auction. ...
Added: December 4, 2020
Отражение экологических приоритетов государства в закупочной деятельности государственных организаций
, , , Вопросы государственного и муниципального управления 2021 № 2 С. 34-60
The paper analyses the extent to which environmental priorities of the government affect procurement activities of government bodies, state-owned companies and public institutions. Environmental priorities are not formalised in Russian public procurement legislation, but they are reflected in the strategic documents, and as such may implicitly shape procurement activities. By surveying public bodies in 22 regions of the Russian Federation, we evaluate factors affecting ...
Added: June 14, 2021
, , et al., Public Money & Management 2022 Vol. 42 No. 3 P. 181-190
This paper presents a public procurement transaction cost evaluation using a large-scale survey of procurers and suppliers. The study was conducted in Russia in 2017. The results of the survey confirmed that the lower the contract value, the more expensive the procurement procedure. An empirical analysis of factors impacting public procurement cost evaluation also revealed ...
Added: October 21, 2020
, , , International Journal of Public Administration 2018 P. 414-434
This paper estimates the impact of corruption on the incentives of procurers to maintain honest competition in tenders. Customers, who procure for themselves, and Agencies, who procure for the customers in their region are considered. Basing on a large dataset of open auctions conducted by Russian regional-level authorities in 2011, the analysis shows that in ...
Added: January 18, 2018
, , Favoritism in public procurement auctions: model of endogenous entry / Department of Economics - University of Perugia (IT). Series ISSN 2385-2275 "Working papers of the Department of Economics - University of Perugia (IT)". 2015. No. 15.
Governments of different countries try to lower the entry cost in public procurement in order to decrease public spending. The purpose of this paper is to examine how the entry cost influences favoritism and procurement prices in the corrupt environment. We adapt the model of selective entry and find that lower entry cost always reduces ...
Added: November 29, 2015
, , et al., СоциоДиггер 2021 Т. 1 № 6 С. 19-29
Последнее десятилетие ознаменовалось внесением кардинальных изменений в российскую систему государственных закупок. Основными направлениями ее реформирования стали преодоление коррупционных проявлений в ходе закупочных процедур, обеспечение их максимальной прозрачности и конкуренции среди участников торгов. И во многом эти реформы были реализованы. По оценкам исследования Всемирного банка, охватившего 180 стран, по показателю «размещение информации о закупках» Россия получила ...
Added: February 1, 2021
, , , Journal of Industrial and Business Economics 2018 Vol. 45 No. 4 P. 443-473
Knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) are special in that they rely on knowledge exchange between service providers and consumers and thus intensive cooperation between the two parties is essential at all stages. This implies approaches to find the “right” provider may have to differ from those used in the sector of more homogeneous services and ...
Added: October 25, 2018
Incentives for Repeated Contracts in Public Sector: Empirical Study of Gasoline Procurement in Russia
, , et al., International Journal of Procurement Management 2016 Vol. 9 No. 3 P. 272-289
Contrary to previous studies of relational contracting this paper analyzes the impact of repeated procurements on the price of a simple homogeneous product. Using a large dataset on procurements of AI-92 gasoline in Russia in 2011, we show that price difference between repeated and one-time contracts can be explained by the type of procurement procedures. ...
Added: December 3, 2015
, , et al., Evaluation of Public Procurement Costs: Macrolevel Assessment Based on Microdata / НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP Series "Public and Social Policy". 2018. No. 20.
Public procurement cost evaluation is important both for procurement optimization at the company level and for evaluating the public procurement regulatory system. This paper presents a survey-based methodological approach to public procurement cost evaluation at the macro level. Our approach is based on a methodology for assessing the efficiency of public procurement developed by PwC ...
Added: December 15, 2018
, , et al., ЭКО 2020 № 11 С. 83-103
This paper examines key problems and assesses effectiveness of the Russian public procurement system. The results of mass survey of customers and suppliers in 2020 testify to conservation of problems accumulated in the public procurement system. In order to ensure the final outcome of the procurement, honest participants have to move into the ‘gray zone’ ...
Added: October 25, 2020
, , et al., ЭКО 2018 № 9 С. 17-38
This article examines the problems of the Russian public procurement system based on the analysis of assessments from a mass survey of both customers and suppliers. It is shown that despite a significant change in legislation, most of the problems that were noted by researchers and practitioners 7–8 years ago remain including price dumping, regulatory ...
Added: August 29, 2018
Единая информационная система в сфере закупок как государственная цифровая платформа: современное состояние и перспективы
, , Вопросы государственного и муниципального управления 2020 № 3 С. 49-70
Technological progress and economic incentives contribute to the rapid development and digitalization of all areas of government activity, including public procurement. The key role in digital transformation belongs to electronic platforms. They provide technological feasibility of electronic procurement process and its’ accessibility for all the participants. This article analyzed previous studies on the use of ...
Added: September 30, 2020
, , , Set-Asides: The Not-So-Clear Side of Public Procurement / SSRN. Series "Working Papers". 2020.
Set aside procedures in public procurement are those reserved for a sub-class of bidders, such as small and medium enterprises (SMEs) only, as a tool of the preferential treatment of SMEs by many governments. Prior studies and our results indicate these setasides reduce costs of government contracting. If they are cheaper, why should regulations enforce them, and why do ...
Added: February 4, 2020
, Журнал институциональных исследований 2020 Т. 12 № 1 С. 160-176
This paper, based on a large-scale online survey of suppliers conducted by the HSE IIMS in 2017, analyzed various conflict resolution strategies in public procurement. The specific feature of this sphere is the presence of the state as the dominant party in the contractual relationship and the resulting differences in assessing the chances of protecting ...
Added: March 30, 2020
Причины заключения контрактов с заранее определенными поставщиками: результаты эмпирического исследования
, , , Вопросы экономики 2018 № 10 С. 90-105
The experience of the last decade has demonstrated that the state policy on the extension of competitive procedures in public procurement has been challenged by the attempts of customers and suppliers to restrict competition. The mass survey of customers and suppliers carried out by the Institute for Industrial and Market Studies in 2017 showed that ...
Added: October 10, 2018
Conflict Resolution in Russian Public Procurement: Understanding Supplier Strategies in a State Dominated System
, Conflict Resolution in Russian Public Procurement: Understanding Supplier Strategies in a State Dominated System / . 2020. No. 28.
This paper, based on a large-scale online survey of suppliers conducted by the HSE IIMS in 2017, analyzed various conflict resolution strategies in public procurement. The specific feature of this sphere is the presence of the state as the dominant party in the contractual relationship, and the resulting differences in assessing the chances of protecting ...
Added: July 27, 2020
, , et al., Госзаказ: управление, размещение, обеспечение 2020 № 60 С. 66-75
В марте-апреле 2020 года Институт анализа предприятий и рынков ВШЭ в рамках долгосрочного проекта фундаментальных исследований «Поведение экономических агентов на рынках государственных закупок и развитие предприятий в переходных экономиках» провел массовый онлайн-опрос госзаказчиков и поставщиков. Целью опроса был анализ существующих проблем в регулировании и практике применения Закона о контрактной системе (44-ФЗ) на основе оценок самих ...
Added: July 27, 2020
, ООО "Медиа-Принт", 2018
The article addresses the economic complex of Saint Petersburg. It evaluates the current state of the economic affairs in Russian Federation in connection with support programmes, measures and instruments, developed to counter the economic growth slowdown. In particular, it analyzes anti-crisis programme mechanisms in Saint Petersburg and other regions of North-West Federal District. The article ...
Added: February 17, 2020
, , et al., Cham: Springer, 2016
This volume discusses post-socialist urban transport functioning and development in Russia, within the context of the country’s recent transition towards a market economy. Over the past twenty-five years, urban transport in Russia has undergone serious transformations, prompted by the transitioning economy. Yet, the lack of readily available statistical data has led to a gap in ...
Added: October 19, 2016
, , Russian Education & Society 2018 Vol. 60 No. 5 P. 402-421
We investigate the main question of whether higher education institutions are able to increase their performance due to mergers, takeovers, or organizational restructuring. The problem of measuring performance when there are several “output” and “input” indicators can currently be solved by recourse to a proven data analysis method (data envelopment analysis, DEA). Two models are ...
Added: August 27, 2018
, , , Форсайт 2016 Т. 10 № 4 С. 25-45
This study evaluates the import dependence of Russian industrial firms and analyzes the ‘switch’ to using Russian products and technologies in the context of their availability and firms’ interest in them. The main information source for the study was a survey of company executives conducted in September-October 2015. The obtained results suggest that in quantitative ...
Added: December 5, 2018