Growth Effects of Sports Franchises, Stadiums, and Arenas: 15 Years Later
The article is devoted to studying styles of consumption in the field of leisure, focusing on sporting clays which became popular among the Russian elite in the second half of 1990s. The study demonstrates that today people with medium and low income are also engaged in sporting clays. The question arises as to whether sporting clays stimulates social differentiation or social integration. The empirical data collected from participants of a sporting clays club describe the institutionalization process of sporting clays in modern Russia, show social and economic qualities of shooters, and present a typology of people engaged in this kind of shooting.
Risk management, along with financial management are the most important trends of the modern corporate governance, the efficiency of those cannot be determined unambiguously. The most common methods of evaluating are the following: cost and value-based approach, KPI’s, rating assessment. This diversity is the result of the versatility of risk management. Despite the prevalence of these approaches to the evaluation of the successfulness of risk management, it should be mentioned that the problem of its comprehensive assessment of the efficiency is unsolved. The basis of the risk management efficiency is the economic impact of its implication, which evaluation methodology is disclosed in this article.
This book presents recent research developments in social networks, economics, management, marketing and optimization applied to sports. The volume will be of interest to students, researchers, managers from sports, policy makers and as well athletes. In particular the book contains research papers and reviews addressing the following issues: social network tools for player selection, movement and pricing in team sports, methods for ranking teams and evaluating players' performance, economics and marketing issues related to sports clubs, techniques for predicting outcomes of sports competitions, optimal strategies in sports, scheduling and managing sports tournaments, optimal referee assignment techniques and the economics and marketing of sports entertainment.
In this paper we deal with mathematical modeling of team sport games based on cellular automata (CA). We describe some developments of CA models of football. Presumable learning and optimization problems in team modeling based on CA are discussed. Some general problems are discussed which are related to the accounting of mentality of game participants.
Recent developments in international football governance seem to be progressively leading toward an increasing use of technological devices for refereeing purposes. Opponents to change are often portrayed as old-fashioned or conservative. Philosophy might be of some help to overcome the dispute. In this paper, we first explore several concepts that are central to the current debate on football refereeing. Then, we determine the business of referees in relation to rules. We assess different arguments displayed regarding the role of chance and skills in competitions. Finally, we argue for the idea of referees as full players in football games.
In the aspect of the Russian Federation preparation for the holding of the global sports competitions, not only practical questions become urgent, but also a theoretical analysis of the legal regulation of sports relations problems does. This article touches on the basic methodological approaches to the category «mechanism of legal regulation» in the context of relations arising in sports sphere.
The regulation of sport relations has sufficiently prolonged history; however, only from the middle of XX century state begins to take active part in this process. It is traditionally customary to assume that as the prevailing catalysts of this they served the need for providing safety with taking of sport measures, which sport association no longer could manage by its forces, and the entering into the sport of the large volume of the money investments, whose revolution needed control from the side of state. There are other points of view on this score.
In the digest original texts of scientific works by the participants of the CXXXIX International Scientific and Practical Conference and the I stage of Research Analytics Championship in Philology "Role and ratio of verbal and nonverbal means of communication against the background of the increasing value of information and intensity of its turnover"; the CXL International Scientific and Practical Conference and the I stage of Research Analytics Championship in Art History, History, Philosophy, Culturology, physical culture and sports "Material and spiritual factors of the personal creativity expression in the general social process of the cultural values formation" are presented.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.