Finding itself in the post-Paris world: Russia in the new global energy landscape
Makarov I. A., Henry Chen Y., Paltsev S.
Because the Russian economy relies heavily on exports of fossil fuels, the primary source of human-induced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, it may be adversely impacted by Paris Agreement-based climate policies that target reductions in GHG emissions. Applying the MIT Economic Projection and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model to assess the impacts of the Paris Agreement on the Russian economy, this study projects that climate-related actions outside of Russia will lower the country’s GDP growth rate by about one-half of a percentage point. The Paris Agreement is also expected to raise Russia’s risks of facing market barriers for its exports of energy-intensive goods, and of falling behind in the development of low-carbon energy technologies that most of the world is increasingly adopting. The researchers argue that to address these risks, the country needs a new comprehensive development strategy that accounts for the post-Paris global energy landscape. They offer suggestions for key elements of such a strategy, including diversification of the economy, moving to low-carbon energy sources and investing in human capital development. The study simulates three simple diversification scenarios showing that redistribution of incomes from the energy sector to the development of human capital would help avoid the worst possible outcomes.
, , , Finding Itself in the Post-Paris World: Russia in the New Global Energy Landscape / . 2017. No. WP-2017-022.
The Russian budget relies heavily on exports of fossil fuels, which are the major source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Climate-related policies that target a reduction in GHG emissions substantially affect the Russian economy. We apply the MIT Economic Projection and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model to assess the impacts of the Paris Agreement on the ...
Added: December 19, 2017
, , , Climate Policy 2020 Vol. 20 No. 10 P. 1242-1256
Because the Russian economy relies heavily on exports of fossil fuels, the primary source of human-induced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, it may be adversely impacted by Paris Agreement-based climate policies that target reductions in GHG emissions. Applying the MIT Economic Projection and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model to assess the impacts on the Russian economy of ...
Added: January 15, 2020
CD-LINKS, 2019: Linking Climate and Sustainable Development: Policy insights from national and global pathways. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria.
, , et al., Laxenburg: IIASA, 2019
Understanding the connections between climate change policies and sustainable development is critically important for the implementation of the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Well-designed climate mitigation policy can lead to significant co-benefits for a range of development priorities, including enhanced energy security and safety and reduced indoor air pollution; however, if not properly managed, ...
Added: August 10, 2020
, , Актуальные проблемы Европы 2018 № 1 С. 77-100
The Paris Agreement on Climate Change reflects the consensus of the world community on transition to low-carbon development. Greenhouse gas emissions reduction is closely intertwined with various national objectives, such as strengthening energy security, technological development, and many others. Transition to low-carbon development is a new reality of world energy, which brings significant risks for ...
Added: September 23, 2017
, , et al., Climatic Change 2020 No. 162 P. 1787-1803
This paper explores the consequences of different policy assumptions and the derivation of globally consistent, national low-carbon development pathways for the seven largest greenhouse gas (GHG)–emitting countries (EU28 as a bloc) in the world, covering approximately 70% of global CO2 emissions, in line with their contributions to limiting global average temperature increase to well below ...
Added: August 26, 2020
, , Вестник Московского университета. Серия 6: Экономика 2017 № 6 С. 3-22
The paper focuses on main economic instruments for greenhouse gas emissions regulation (carbon tax, cap-and-trade, hybrid instruments) and aims at revealing the possible ways of emissions regulation in Russia. The main objective is to identify criteria of instrument choice and develop the framework of optimal instrument design required for establishing national system of greenhouse gas ...
Added: October 19, 2017
, , , Вопросы экономики 2018 № 4 С. 76-94
The paper applies multiregional CGE Economic Policy Projection and Analysis (EPPA) model to analyze major risks the Paris Agreement on climate change adopted in 2015 brings to Russia. The authors come to the conclusion that if parties of the Agreement meet their targets that were set for 2030 it may lead to the decrease of average ...
Added: April 1, 2018
Climate change and Deep Decarbonization of the Economies in Northeast Asia: Challenges and Opportunities
, ERINA Business News 2016 No. 117 P. 33-40
A comprehensive review of the climate change mitigation and low carbon development issues in the Northeast Asia, including Russia, China, Japan, Mongolia, Republic of Korea and DPR of Korea. The countries face an outstanding challenge of using their huge reserves of fossil fuels while committing to prevent global warming by over 2 degree Celsius. Their ...
Added: September 27, 2016
Industrial Development in CIS Countries: Are there Conditions for Re-industrialization Capacity Building? Analytical report
, United Nations Industrial Development Organisation, 2017
For successful implementation of inclusive and sustainable industrial development (ISID) in the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) UNIDO acts as a global forum for the establishment of relevant international standards, including on industrial statistics. In this format, UNIDO implements a regional project “Improvement of industrial statistics and development of indicators of industrial performance ...
Added: October 24, 2017
, , et al., Nature 2021 No. 596 P. 377-383
The remaining carbon budget for limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius will probably be exhausted within this decade. Carbon debt generated thereafter will need to be compensated by net-negative emissions. However, economic policy instruments to guarantee potentially very costly net carbon dioxide removal (CDR) have not yet been devised. Here we propose intertemporal instruments to provide ...
Added: August 23, 2021
, , , Энергия: экономика, техника, экология 2012 № 5 С. 37-39
The article discusses the potential role of Russia in global carbon markets, prospects and opportunities for national businesses in greenhouse gas emission reduction ...
Added: July 20, 2016
, , , Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers, 2010
This report analyzes the development trends and conditions of the Russian economy, specifically its energy sector. It also reviews the projections of carbon emissions by 2020 and beyond in the context of the Russian government's scenarios of economic development. The second section of the report focuses on Russia's position in the negotiation process on a ...
Added: July 21, 2016
, , Review of European and Russian Affairs 2017 Vol. 11 No. 2 P. 1-20
According to the current international climate change regime, countries are responsible for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that result from economic activities within their national borders, including emissions from producing goods for export. At the same time, imports of carbon-intensive goods are not addressed by international agreements, including the Paris Agreement that was adopted in 2015. ...
Added: October 20, 2017
, , Niigata: Economic Research Institute for Northeast Asia (ERINA), 2017
Global warming is recognized as one of the most urgent challenges for human society in the 21st century. The international community has agreed to undertake necessary actions to prevent dangerous anthropogenic impacts on the climatic system. Based on the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2014), the UNFCCC Parties adopted the ...
Added: February 12, 2019
, , et al., P.: IDDRI/SDSN, 2015
The Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) is a collaborative global research initiative seeking to understand how individual countries can transition, on a technological, socio-economic and policy “pathway”, to a low-carbon economy consistent with the internationally agreed goal of limiting anthropogenic warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius (2°C). Achieving this goal requires that the world ...
Added: March 5, 2016
«Оценка трансграничных рисков и глобальных последствий изменений климата и развитие экономической деятельности в бассейнах Арктических морей»
, , , Известия РАН. Серия географическая 2019 № 2 С. 100-108
Contemporary challenges and threats to sustainable development including safe use of transboundary resources of rivers and Arctic seas in condition of climate change are connected with cumulative impact of numerous factors. Ongoing environmental changes have transboundary nature and will have significant impact in international scale. In case of overlapping of factors of impact their nature ...
Added: October 13, 2016
, , et al., Russia direct, 2015
This report examines the changes happening in Russia ever since the issue of global warming was introduced on the global agenda. Only today, after the planet has experienced a variety of catastrophic natural disasters, have world leaders and decision makers grown more aware of the urgency of the problem. In Russia, where climate changes have ...
Added: July 27, 2016
, Нефтегазовая вертикаль 2020 № 21-22/2020 С. 66-70
Nowadays the global climate change is becoming more and more an issue for interests of the states and corporations. Thre is a lot at stake: trillions of USD of investments in carbon emission reductions, transition to green technologies, losses of businesses and shares in traditional energy markets, new mega-projects and multibillion carbon markets around the ...
Added: December 4, 2020
, , International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology 2019 Vol. 10 No. 2 P. 1460-1466
The article discusses investment projects to diversify the production of an industrial company and a set of action models and techniques for the simultaneous development of several unrelated technological areas that can be used as the basis for expanding the range of high-tech goods and services aimed at increasing their competitiveness in various niche markets. ...
Added: November 10, 2020
Diversification of Educational Services in the Conditions of Industry 4.0 on the Basis of AI Training
, , et al., On the Horizon 2019 Vol. 27 No. 3/4 P. 206-212
The purpose of the paper is to determine the perspectives of diversification of educational services in the conditions of industry 4.0 on the basis of artificial intelligence (AI) training, determine the consequences of this process for academic and teaching staff and to develop recommendations for its practical implementation. ...
Added: October 6, 2019
, , et al., P.: IDDRI/SDSN, 2014
The Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) is a collaborative initiative to understand and show how individual countries can transition to a low-carbon economy and how the world can meet the internationally agreed target of limiting the increase in global mean surface temperature to less than 2 degrees Celsius (°C). Achieving the 2°C limit will require ...
Added: March 5, 2016
, Climate change and our future: anticipating trends and challenges using media data / . 2016. No. 65/STI/2016 .
This paper proposes a multidisciplinary approach to understanding the future perspectives of climate change. First, it analyzes the possibilities of using the media as an information source for anticipating trends and challenges in this area through exploring the topics that have been actively discussed in the news in the recent 5 years. Second, qualitative and ...
Added: October 12, 2016
, Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики 2013 Т. 17 № 3 С. 480-499
В последние два десятилетия глобальное изменение климата из узкоспециального естественнонаучного вопроса превратилось в одну из наиболее острых проблем мировой экономики и политики, в важнейший элемент новой реальности, к которой отдельные страны и все человечество вынуждены приспосабливать свою хозяйственную деятельность. Проблема изменения климата междисциплинарна, она включает в себя как минимум четыре составляющие: 1) геофизическая составляющая, касающаяся дискуссии о ...
Added: October 24, 2013
, , Sustainability 2020 Vol. 12 No. 8 P. 1342
This study explores U.S. public companies’ reactions to scientific announcements by the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) with respect to updated climate change knowledge and how it affects their stock valuations, given their carbon emission/environmental outlooks. Based on a sample of total daily returns collected for 10 industry indexes from the S&P 500 Index ...
Added: April 14, 2020