Nominative object in modern North Russian dialects
This work is devoted to the differential object marking in Finno-Ugric languages (Mari, Erzya, Moksha, Udmurt languages). The interaction of different factors (noun phrase structure, noun phrase referential properties, information structure etc.)
The paper presents an overview of the current issues and tendencies in studies of differential argument marking (DAM). This research area is of topical interest in modern descriptive and theoretical linguistics, primarily in the context of the general methodological problem of modeling linguistic variation. Therefore, along with traditional issues such as studies of DAM in specific languages and structural positions, modern research addresses the issues of the universality of mechanisms of DAM, its diachronic emergence and development, statistical analysis and multivariate models in typological and language-specific investigations of DAM.
Different inflectional endings of masculine animate and inanimate nouns in the accusative are common to Croatian and Russian and constitute Differential Object Marking (henceforth DOM) in these two languages. Additionally, Russian nouns of all genders get DOM in the plural, making this feature even more consistent. In this paper we investigate the acquisition of DOM by Russian and Croatian children. Our longitudinal data reveal that in both languages DOM is acquired early. However, the acquisition route is different. While Croatian children erroneously extend the use of the Acc=Gen to inanimate forms, Russian children start with erroneously 0-marked animate forms and switch to erroneously overmarked (Acc=Gen) forms much later.
The phenomenon of differential object marking (DOM) is widely spread across languages and considered to be one of the features characterizing the Finno-Ugric, Altaic and some other language families [Aissen 1998; Moravcsik 1978]. For these languages there exist two basic patterns for DO encoding, namely the overt case marker or no overt marking. There are various attempts to suggest the syntactic account for this phenomenon. First, the DP/NP having the ‘theme’ role of two-argument predicates can occupy different syntactic positions in a clause. It could be VP internal, it could move to the AgrP to case checking. Moreover, as it has been shown in the literature in some languages both forms can occupy the same syntactic position.
The work is devoted to the differential object marjing in Moksha lnaguage (Mordvin, Finno-Ugric). The DO in Moksha can be encoded in different ways: it can have a special definite genitive or possessive genitive marker on the corresponding NP or this NP does not have a special marker. The verb can have an affix triggered by both Subject and Object or only by Subject. The first (definite) mode is opposed to the second (unmarked) mode. The factor that is in focus is the referential properties of an NP in the DO position. The analysis of data has shown that it is not "the definiteness" od the DO that triggers the choice of DO encoding. The more complicated referential features come into play. I suggest the new rule for definite mode choice: there should be a set of entities that are discourse anchored (present in the world of discourse); the DO with definite encoding must refer to a certain subset of the first set.
The article concerns the experiment on the Direct Object encoding choice in Komi-zyryan depending on the verb semantic features (presuppositional properties)/
The book is devoted to the word order typology. The languages with free order are under discussion. It concerns verious phenomena that can trgger word order variation and have impact on the syntactic structure of a sentence such as infromation structure, differential argument marking, clitics position etc.
The article examines the main trends in the study of the Stalinist period and the phenomenon of Stalinism in connection with the mass opening of the archives.