Информативные возможности записных разрядных книг начала XVIII века
The “Dedikatsiya” (‘Dedication’) opening the Russian Vice-Chancellor P. P. Shafirov’s book “Razsuzhdenie o prichinah Sveyskoi voiny” (“Discource Concerning the Just Causes of the War Between Sweden and Russia: 1700–1721”) was known in historiography in printed editions of 1717–1722. It is the first time that the original archival manuscript of “Dedikatsiya” is published.
The article describes the influence of strelets riots on army modernization by Peter the Great.
The book is a volume of reports in the 5th International congress of Petrine towns
The paper provides new information about the biography of Ivan Musin-Pushkin, the first and lifelong Russian senator during the reign of Peter I. There is a brief summary of the author's set of arguments disproving the legend of his lineage as an illegitimate son of Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich. The reasons why the future count and senator rose through the ranks become clear, if one studies his activities during his tenure as the governor of Astrakhan and the okolnichij. The published archival documents and the letters of the count and his nearest relations help gain an insight into the prominent dignitary's character in the bosom of his family and when he was not handling nitty-gritty bureaucratic issues. Published for the first time, Ivan Musin-Pushkin's last will and testament turns out to be the quintessence of his mindset and intellectual experiences expressed in 1717.
The present paper aims to demonstrate that the modern editions of the pamphlet by the eminent Italian philosopher and lawyer Gianvincenzo Gravina entitled In Defence of Roman Laws and addressed to Peter the Great, contain a grave error in that they reproduce the addressee's title from the later editions of Gravina's minor writings as "The Emperor of Moscow". A thorough examination of Gravina's Mss. and the earliest editions leaves no doubt that in the original (1698) text Peter had been properly addressed as "The Tzar of Moscow", thus conforming to contemporary political realities and attitudes.
This article examines the history of the control of public finance during the reign of Peter the Great. It engages in a global and systematic study of the different types of control and their functioning that leads to an analysis of little-known aspects of Peter's reforming activity in the fields of administration and control, and the specification of the distinguishing features of the control system set up in the early eighteenth century. The establishment of the state meant tightening control structures. Control eventually turned into a system resting on a network of agents, responsible for controlling government administration a priori and a posteriori, and on the various interacting techniques and procedures they used to facilitate investigation. Not only did control intensify and become a specialized institution illustrating the state's will to improve its administrative services and ensure a better follow-up of the reforms under way, it also took care of the complex stabilisation policy for public finance in order to cope with the critical financial situation of the time. The article clearly demonstrates that the monarchy made every effort to prevent and crack down on abuse and frauds at all levels of financial administration.
This paper presents the emergence of Russian post offices in the XVIIIth century.