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## Algebraic groups whose orbit closures contain only finitely many orbits

Cornell University
,
2017.
No. 1707.06914 [math.AG].

In press

We classify all connected affine algebraic groups G such that there are only finitely many G-orbits in every algebraic G-variety containing a dense open G-orbit. We also prove that G enjoys this property if and only if every irreducible algebraic G-variety X is modality-regular, i.e., the modality of X (in the sense of V. Arnol’d) equals to that of a family which is open in X.

V. L. Popov, Doklady Mathematics 2017 Vol. 96 No. 1 P. 312-314

For connected simple algebraic groups defined over an algebraically closed field of characteristic
zero, the classifications of irreducible algebraic representations of modalities 0, 1, and 2 are obtained. ...

Added: June 30, 2017

Vladimir L. Popov, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1409.6330.

A "rational" version of the strengthened form of the Commuting Derivation Conjecture, in which the assumption of commutativity is dropped, is proved. A systematic method of constructing in any dimension greater than 3 the examples answering in the negative a question by M. El Kahoui is developed. ...

Added: September 24, 2014

Vladimir L. Popov, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2015. No. 1503.08303.

For every pair (G, V ) where G is a connected simple
linear algebraic group and V is a simple algebraic G-module with
a free algebra of invariants, the number of irreducible components
of the nullcone of unstable vectors in V is found. ...

Added: March 31, 2015

Vladimir L. Popov, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2022. No. 2207.13072.

A new infinite series of rational affine algebraic varieties is constructed whose automorphism group contains the auto\-morphism group Aut(F_n) of the free group F_n of rank n. The automorphism groups of such varieties are nonlinear and contain the braid group B_n on n strands for n > 2, and are nonamenable for n > 1. ...

Added: July 27, 2022

Vladimir L. Popov, Proceedings of the Steklov Institute of Mathematics 2016 Vol. 292 P. 209-223

For every algebraically closed field k of characteristic different from 2, we prove
the following: (1) Finite-dimensional (not necessarily associative) k-algebras of general type
of a fixed dimension, considered up to isomorphism, are parametrized by the values of a tuple
of algebraically independent (over k) rational functions of the structure constants. (2) There
exists an “algebraic normal form” to ...

Added: March 29, 2016

Vladimir L. Popov, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2022. No. 2206.14040.

We prove that every orbit of the adjoint representation of any connected reductive algebraic group G is a rational algebraic variety. For complex simply connected semisimple G, this implies rationality of affine Hamiltonian G-varieties (which we classify). ...

Added: June 29, 2022

Roman Avdeev, Petukhov A., Transformation Groups 2021 Vol. 26 No. 3 P. 719-774

Let G be a symplectic or special orthogonal group, let H be a connected reductive subgroup of G, and let X be a flag variety of G. We classify all triples (G, H, X) such that the natural action of H on X is spherical. For each of these triples, we determine the restrictions to ...

Added: September 2, 2020

Vladimir L. Popov, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1401.0278.

We explore orbits, rational invariant functions, and quotients of the natural actions of connected, not necessarily finite dimensional subgroups of the automorphism groups of irreducible algebraic varieties. The applications of the results obtained are given. ...

Added: January 3, 2014

Vladimir L. Popov, Pacific Journal of Mathematics 2015 Vol. 279 No. 1--2 (Special issue In memoriam: Robert Steinberg) P. 423-446

For the coordinate algebras of connected affine algebraic groups, we explore
the problem of finding a presentation by generators and relations canonically
determined by the group structure. ...

Added: December 27, 2015

Popov V. L., Mathematical notes 2019 Vol. 105 No. 3-4 P. 580-581

It is shown that the main result of N. R. Wallach, Principal orbit type theorems for reductive algebraic group actions and the Kempf–Ness Theorem, arXiv:1811.07195v1 (17 Nov 2018), is a special case of a more general statement, which can be deduced, using a short argument, from the classical Richardson and Luna theorems. ...

Added: May 27, 2019

Р.С. Авдеев, Труды Московского математического общества 2011 Т. 72 № 1 С. 5-62

We develop a structure theory of connected solvable spherical subgroups in semisimple algebraic groups. Based on this theory, we obtain an explicit classification of all such subgroups up to conjugacy. ...

Added: February 25, 2014

Vladimir L. Popov, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2021. No. 2105.12861.

Starting with exploration of the possibility to present the underlying variety of an affine algebraic group in the form of a product of some algebraic varieties, we then explore the naturally arising problem as to what extent the group variety of an algebraic group determines its group structure. ...

Added: May 28, 2021

Р.С. Авдеев, Труды Московского математического общества 2010 Т. 71 С. 235-269

A spherical homogeneous space G/H of a connected semisimple algebraic group G is called excellent if it is quasi-affine and its weight semigroup is generated by disjoint linear combinations of the fundamental weights of the group G. All the excellent affine spherical homogeneous spaces are classified up to isomorphism. ...

Added: February 25, 2014

В. Л. Попов, Доклады Российской академии наук. Математика, информатика, процессы управления (ранее - Доклады Академии Наук. Математика) 2017 Т. 475 № 1 С. 14-16

Даны классификации неприводимых представлений простых алгебраических групп модальностей 0, 1 и 2. ...

Added: May 3, 2017

V. L. Popov, Proceedings of the Steklov Institute of Mathematics, Springer 2019 Vol. 307 P. 193-197

We prove that, for any prime integer $p\geqslant 2$, there exists an algebraic action of the two-dimensional Witt group $W_2(p)$ on an al\-geb\-raic variety $X$ and a point $x\in X$ such that the closure of the $W_2(p)$-orbit of $x$
in $X$ contains infinitely many $W_2(p)$-orbits.\;This is related to the problem of extending from characteristic zero to ...

Added: March 30, 2020

Roman Avdeev, Cupit-Foutou S., Advances in Mathematics 2018 Vol. 328 P. 1299-1352

Given a connected reductive algebraic group G and a finitely generated monoid Γ of dominant weights of G, in 2005 Alexeev and Brion constructed a moduli scheme M_Γ for multiplicity-free affine G-varieties with weight monoid Γ. This scheme is equipped with an action of an `adjoint torus' T_ad and has a distinguished T_ad-fixed point X_0. ...

Added: February 25, 2018

Р.С. Авдеев, Петухов А. В., Математический сборник 2014 Т. 205 № 9 С. 3-48

For every finite-dimensional vector space V and every V-flag variety X we list all connected reductive subgroups in GL(V) acting spherically on X. ...

Added: October 22, 2014

V. L. Popov, Transformation Groups 2011 Vol. 16 No. 3 P. 827-856

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a
closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove
that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the ...

Added: March 16, 2013

Arzhantsev I., Celik D., Hausen J., Journal of Algebra 2013 Vol. 387 P. 87-98

Given an action of an affine algebraic group with only trivial characters on a factorial variety, we ask for categorical quotients. We characterize existence in the category of algebraic varieties. Moreover, allowing constructible sets as quotients, we obtain a more general existence result, which, for example, settles the case of afinitely generated algebra of invariants. ...

Added: November 13, 2013

Vladimir L. Popov, , in : Lie Groups, Geometry, and Representation Theory. A Tribute to the Life and Work of Bertram Kostant. Vol. 326.: Copyright Holder Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2018. Ch. 16. P. 459-479.

We first establish several general properties of modality of algebraic group
actions. In particular,we introduce the notion of a modality-regular action and prove
that every visible action is modality-regular. Then, using these results, we classify irreducible
linear representations of connected simple algebraic groups of every fixed
modality < 3. Next, exploring a finer geometric structure of linear actions, we ...

Added: October 27, 2018

Roman Avdeev, Transformation Groups 2021 Vol. 26 No. 2 P. 403-431

Given a connected reductive complex algebraic group G and a spherical subgroup H⊂G, the extended weight monoid Λˆ+G(G/H) encodes the G-module structures on spaces of regular sections of all G-linearized line bundles on G/H. Assuming that G is semisimple and simply connected and H is specified by a regular embedding in a parabolic subgroup P⊂G, ...

Added: September 9, 2021

V. L. Popov, Mathematical notes 2018 Vol. 103 No. 5 P. 811-819

We prove that the family of all connected n-dimensional real Lie groups is uniformly Jordan for every n. This
implies that all algebraic (not necessarily affine) groups over fields of characteristic zero and some
transformation groups of complex spaces and Riemannian manifolds are Jordan. ...

Added: April 13, 2018

Vladimir L. Popov, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2015. No. 1504.03867.

Exploring Bass' Triangulability Problem on unipotent algebraic subgroups of the affine Cremona groups, we prove a triangulability criterion, the existence of nontriangulable connected solvable affine algebraic subgroups of the Cremona groups, and stable triangulability of such subgroups; in particular, in the stable range we answer Bass' Triangulability Problem is the affirmative. To this end we ...

Added: April 16, 2015

Vladimir L. Popov, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2015. No. 1508.02860.

For the coordinate algebras of connected affine algebraic groups, we explore the problem of finding a presentation by generators and relations canonically determined by the group structure. ...

Added: August 13, 2015