From salary to the performance-based remuneration of russian physicians: how motivation at work is changing.2018. - 25 с.
In the internal medicine wide spectrum the gastroenterology is one of the chapters, less enlightened by the scientific evidence. It does not mean that the practice of the grasntroenterology may ot be improved by the systematic use of the approaches of the evidence based medicine
State Capitalism could be characterized by a triple role of the state: the state performs as a “programmer” to guide economic activity; it acts as a “protector” to safeguard national economic interests; and it also plays the role as a “producer” to create national wealth through its state-owned enterprises (SOEs). However, the influences of State Capitalism in a country are not only limited to the domestic sphere. They often extend internationally, either through the globalization of SOEs, or through Sovereign Fund investments, or by means of other influences. Many recent acquisition projects by SOEs, often in strategic sectors, highlight the importance of understanding this new geopolitical investment which has created special relations between State Capitalism and the free market. They also raise the question of the need for updating national economic security concerns in the context of globalization. As the value of Sovereign Funds reaches several trillion dollars, the controversy surrounding these Funds is evolving. For many, these Funds do not necessarily always look for maximizing business performance, but are sometimes also accompanied by political and strategic ambitions of the respective states from where they originate. The phenomenon of State Capitalism has gained prominence in recent years especially in several emerging markets. It appeared, firstly, because of multiple government interventions in the economy,and secondly, emphasis given to the globalization of their SOEs / economic organizations in international markets (China, Russia, Brazil, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, India, Korea, etc.). In January 2012, The Economist published another special article on State Capitalism and wondered if the new balance of power that is being built-up with the emergence of market oriented SOEs will pose a challenge to the liberal capitalist model. The objectives of this conference are manifold: to examine the characteristics of State Capitalism in the world economy, especially in emerging countries, to assess its real impact on economic development, to identify its scope to other developing countries, and also to explore the major challenges that it poses to the liberal capitalist model in the world of free-markets.
Preface The world of healthcare is very challenging. Resource-constrained services, creeping bureaucratic requirements, new patient populations with greater needs than ever before, demand in excess of supply, clinician overload, major and minor breaches of patient safety, politicized workplaces, and ideology masquerading as systems planning: everywhere you look, the barriers to the provision of high-quality care are considerable, and often daunting. In the midst of all these problems, where can we turn for help? One answer is to change the focus and shift from the negatives to the positives. The very countries in which these types of problems reside always contain examples which have risen above the adversity, and provide solutions to problems. These are success stories that overcome difficulties, surmount obstacles, and deliver an accomplishment worthy of study in its own right. Professor Jeffrey Braithwaite, as health reform series editor, has led a team of internationally renowned scholars to deliver a compendium of work with precisely this focus. Regional experts Professors Russell Mannion (Europe), Yukihiro Matsuyama (South-East Asia), Paul Shekelle (the Americas), Stuart Whittaker (Africa), Samir Al-Adawi (Eastern Mediterranean), and Jeffrey Braithwaite (the Western Pacific) have made a concerted effort to harness the energies, expertise, and analytic ability of 161 authors who have combined to articulate positive messages about healthcare improvement in 60 countries. Rich and poor, northern and southern hemisphere, publicly or privately funded, technologically sophisticated or focused on the basics: the range of health systems examples, and their differing characteristics, is truly impressive. As you will see, each team of authors presents a single case example, which narrates a story of accomplishment in their home health system. The sheer diversity of case examples is testament to the range of things that can go right in healthcare. They provide plenty of lessons for those who want to improve care in their own system. Collectively, they act as a set of blueprints for what success looks like across many settings, sectors, and initiatives. That every country enrolled in the project, no matter how politically, financially, or logistically challenged, could adduce a shining example of success, is a reminder of what can be done by inspiring people who are determined to provide better services to their patient populations. In addition to being inspiring, this volume, the second in the Taylor & Francis health reform series, is instructive and practically relevant. It is jampacked with the expertise of many far-thinking and generous people across the world who take the task of improving the system they work in or on, very seriously indeed. For those of us whose appetite for reform and improvement can occasionally flag, or in cases when we become reform weary, this book is just the tonic needed. In a word, it’ s energizing. As the most extensive anthology of health system success stories ever assembled, we commend this book to you.
The paper consists of three main sections. The first is devoted to a discussion of the "state capitalism" concept and the reasons for the growing interest to this phenomenon. It is proposed here to consider the state capitalism not only in terms of the state ownership in major national industrial enterprises and banks, but also taking into account the efficiency of SOEs. In the second section, the new data on the state involvement in the Russian economy are represented, including the shares of the state in the authorized capital of the largest industrial enterprises and banks. Their economic indicators are compared. Contrary to some assumptions P / E values for national champions are lagging behind the average for emerging markets. The third section examines the hypothesis that one of the major challenges faced by the state capitalism is the development of investment incentives for SOEs and their performance. It is shown that the interests of the state as an owner of business enterprises are often in conflict with the interests of the state as a social institution. A number of examples are demonstrated. In order to solve this problem the state should reduce its stakes in SOEs except for those that are of strategic importance. The output of the analysis is that the state capitalism as a social phenomenon has no a long-term perspective. Most of so called “state capitalist” countries will take in future the path of traditional mixed market economy.
Based on thorough analysis of legislation, the author studies legal regulation of salary payment terms, shows the history of this issue.
Market growth of personal medical device comes from a number of factors: • Aging population requiring more attention; • Patients with chronic diseases may measure blood pressure and blood glucose at home; • Reducing the cost of these devices; • Ease of use and availability of medical devices; • Risen cost of a series of medical tests. This article discusses the new challenges that arise in the relationship doctor - patient in the remote Monitoring human healthcare. With the advent of a greater variety of low-cost medical devices, as well as low-cost high-quality mobile communication system will allow the system to tell the Remote Healthcare Monitoring System has also become possible. This system should be as ready to doctors and patients themselves. there is a new quality in the interaction between doctor and patient. Considers a new model of doctor-patient relationship in the light of the transfer of active interaction to the virtual world.
Monetary incentives in online experiments are not always easy to implement. Yet online experiments are advantageous in terms of natural decision-making environment, less stress on participants and large number of the latter. Can we obtain plausible results from online experiments by using non-monetary in- centives like altruism and curiosity? We investigate the role of non-monetary incentives in a simple Ellsberg-type experiment which can be easily compared to similar lab experiments.
This prototype development explains the challenges encountered during the ISO/IEEE 11073 standard implementation process. The complexity of the standard and the consequent heavy requirements, which have not encouraged software engineers to adopt the standard. The developing complexity evaluation drives us to propose two possible implementation strategies that cover almost all possible use cases and eases handling the standard by non-expert users. The first one is focused on medical devices (MD) and proposes a low-memory and low-processor usage technique. It is based on message patterns that allow simple functions to generate ISO/IEEE 11073 messages and to process them easily. MD act as X73 agent. Second one is focused on more powerful device X73 manager, which do not have the MDs' memory and processor usage constraints. The protocol between Agent and Manager is point-to-point and we can distribute the functionality between devices.
Developed both implementation X73 Agent and Manager will cut developing time for applications based on ISO/EEE 11073.