Pre‐commercial Procurement, Procurement of Innovative Solutions and Innovation Partnerships in the EU: Rationale and Strategy
This proceeding volume contains selected contributions from the participants of the IV International Young Researchers Conference: Physics, Technologies and Innovation (PTI-2017) held from May 15 to 19, 2017 in Ekaterinburg, Russia. The conference continued the tradition of annual meetings in the general area of modern science and innovative technology. This, fourth, conference was organized and held by the Institute of Physics and Technology of the Ural Federal University, one of the largest educational institutions in Russia. The primary aim of the conference was providing the opportunity for younger researchers (of graduate and postgraduate level) to meet and discuss the results of their studies, and to present their work in front of a panel of national and international experts. To encourage graduate and postgraduate students to attend and make the meeting as accessible as possible, the conference this year, same as previously, was totally free of charge for all the participants.
This article analyses how the intensification of centralized monitoring within public organization may impact incentives for efficiency in those divisions of the organization that have different levels of financial autonomy. The efficiency of divisions’ activities was estimated through their procurement effectiveness. All the divisions were classified as non-commercial units (NCU) funded by the government or as income earning units (IEU) operating in the market and having broader financial autonomy. The results show that under standard monitoring, the IEU had more efficient procurements compared to the NCU. After intensification of centralized monitoring, the differences in performance became insignificant. These findings show that stricter monitoring is efficient for organizations with soft budget constraints, while for organizations with hard budget constraints it is preferable to use more flexible regulations.
We study the role of institutional deficiences, i.e. corruption, in affecting the innovative performance of family firms versus non-family businesses in 7 European countries and Russia that represent two large geographical areas with different history of institutional development. A comparative quantitative empirical analysis is based on the common self-edentitication of family firms and identical sample design of surveys implemented in EU in 2010 and in Russia in 2014, correspondingly. Keeping in mind the regional embeddedness of family firms (Stough et al, 2015) our analysis is extended at the regional level where regions are classified in two groups: with high and low level of corruption. Results show that propbability of family firms to innovate, either by the introduction of a new product or a new process, is higher than non-family firms in the case of the EU sample. As far as the role of corruption at the regional level, Russian family firms appear to be more innovative in regions with low corruption level while for European firms the results are mixed.
Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Innovation management in industrial enterprises is always associated with high costs and a high probability of failure. In this study, we consider the estimation of the maturity of the organizational capacity of the industrial enterprises to implement innovations. For this purpose, we analyzed various approaches to innovation management maturity model (ICMM), as well as a study of innovative enterprises to identify major gaps in their innovative activity. This article offers a systematic approach to improving innovation management
The book enriches the current discussion of smart specialization by placing it in a broader international context. Smart specialization in the european context displays several commonalities and differences when compared to other similar approaches in the world. By using a comparative perspective, the book aims to make further advances in the area of smart specialization, innovation and industrial policies: to articulate country-specific approaches; to intergate analytically global value chains and international dimentions; to explore institutional preconditions for the implementation smart specialization strategies and how different institutional contexts impact on the implementation of smart specialization type policies
Luddites is a historical term used to describe a type of artisan, lost their guild status, economic independence and position in the course of the industrial revolution. Perm case allows us to apply the term to a situation of mass introduction of cultural industries in the modern city. In modern society, Gallery is a specialized factory for the production of art. It organizes artistic activity of people of art, develops rules for distinguishing art, creates a center of attraction for artists, their agents and producers. Similar functions are performed by modern theaters, museums, book fairs and exhibition centers. The paper presents an analysis of resistance practices that the local branch of the Union of Artists of Russia, some writers and journalists met with the development of the project in the Perm Museum of Modern Art PERMM and support program for cultural
|1 (26) 2017| © Издательство «Эйдос», 2017. Только для личного использования. © Publishing House EIDOS, 2017. For Private Use Only. Международный журнал исследований культуры International Journal of Cultural Research www.culturalresearch.ru Содержание / Table of Contents Тема номера / Topic of the Issue КУЛЬТУРНЫЕ ИНДУСТРИИ / CULTURAL INDUSTRIES Андрей Николаевич КАБАЦКОВ / Andrey Nikolaevich KABATSKOV | Луддиты в современной культурной индустрии. Пермский кейс / Luddites in Modern Cultural Industry. Perm Case | 82 industries. Displaying the birth of public skirmishes in the press, the ideology of resistance to cultural invasion. The core of the resistance ideology was the idea of the construction of the local territorial identity, spiritual identity and traditions of the mining civilization storage (Ivanov). This allowed the opposition to present a cosmopolitan conflict, businessmen and the keepers of folk traditions. The reason for the defeat of bearers is a disability to mobilize citizens. Relegating them to the role of spectators, and the power of the initiators of the cultural changes turned them into the crowd of onlookers in no one's own social position. As a result of the defeat of “Perm cultural project” Luddites were able to celebrate a victory (in contrast to their British predecessors), and creative industries were compromised.
During the last decades the number of universities extending their initial education and teaching missions towards the triple helix and knowledge triangle paradigms, e.g. knowledge and technology transfer and innovation has increased substantially. In line with this evolution the term ‘entrepreneurial university’ became increasingly popular however until recently there is hardly a common understanding of ‘entrepreneurial universities’. The main perception of ‘entrepreneurial universities’ rests with a visible and measurable contribution of universities to innovation and entrepreneurship in a broader sense. Although this perception is plausible and convincing it raises many open questions which mainly point to university governance models. The innovation and entrepreneurial university paradigm requires a holistic view on university governance approaches which include the full set of universities missions and respective management routines. In this respect it’s of utmost importance that universities keep a “healthy balance” between their missions. This statement is frequently used in many instances yet thus far there is no clear indication what a “healthy balance” implies. The chapter provides first indications about entrepreneurial university governance and respective management approaches.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.