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Working paper

Degrees of cohomological classes of multisinguliarities in Hurwitz spaces of rational functions

The main goal of the present paper are new formulae for degrees of strata in Hurwitz spaces of rational functions having two degenerate critical values with preimages of prescribed multiplicities. We consider the case where the multiplicities of the preimages of one critical value are arbitrary, while the second critical  value has degeneracy of codimension 1. Our formulae are based on the universal cohomological expressions for codimension 1 strata in terms of certain basic cohomology classes in general Hurwitz spaces of rational functions obtained by M. Kazarian and S. Lando. We prove new relations valid in cohomology of Hurwitz spaces that were conjectured by M. Kazarian on the base of computer experiments. As a corollary, we obtain new, previously unknown, explicit formulae for certain families of double Hurwitz numbers in genus 0. One may hope that the methods developed in the present paper are applicable  to proving more general relations in cohomology rings of Hurwitz spaces and deducing more general formulae for double Hurwitz numbers.