Collective Action Abroad: How Foreign Investors Organize
Collective Management of Residential Housing in Russia: The Importance of Being Social Homeowners associations (HOAs) implement collective management in residential housing. We assess the performance of such associations in Russia by using the stochastic frontier technique. Cultural traits enabling tenants to make proper use of the HOA decision-making procedures are essential for resolving the collective action problem and ensure accountability of governing bodies and outside contractors. Such “technical civic competence” has a stronger impact on HOA performance than more conventional forms of social capital which rise in their significance when HOA governance breaks down and informal grassroots alternatives are mobilized instead. Massive and indiscriminate “supplyled” introduction of collective management in residential housing without matching cultural and institutional prerequisites could be counterproductive. Flexibility, freedom of choice, and market development are required to avert the failures of HOAs commonly observed in Russia.
The achievement of high level of business activity is inseparably connected with the конъектурой market, with the creation of the state and municipal authorities of favorable conditions for the activities of the business elements and the ability of business to form their consolidated position, which is the basic element of the state policy and the formation of civil society. In this connection, the priority directions of research and the objectives, which the authors have set before us in the work of the steel analysis and evaluation, by the example of Nizhny Novgorod region, the regional business associations, models, forms, and the evolution of their relations with the regional authorities, business associations, Federal and municipal level and other aspects of their development.
Human rights advocacy has evolved into a legitimate foreign policy priority of the contemporary United States. The values and beliefs behind this concern are endorsed by a variety of American NGOs. The paper looks at American human rights advocacy and its impact on foreign policy decision-making. Human rights groups constitute a powerful independent lobby sector, whose success must be attributed to the unique nature of the American political culture. The article analyses the industrys specific characteristics and offers a classification of NGOs based on their mission, activities and lobbying profile.
In this article one соuld find an attempt to analyse critically the typical expert evaluations, some popular political rankings and ratings of the efficient lobbying and effective GR-management in the contemporary Russia.
Using the historical method in the book examines the impact of entrepreneurship on the economy through a complex system the relationship between entrepreneurship, competition and innovation. The focus is, of course, given to entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship. Generalizing considerations about the businessman from economics, psychology and sociology, which is based on the life-cycle model of entrepreneurship. Through the prism of growth in venture capital are considered organizational forms of business activities and various forms of formal and informal business associations. Comply with federal state educational standard of higher education of the fourth generation. For students of the academic bachelor in "Management", but it can be useful to undergraduates, postgraduates and doctoral students involved in various aspects of business in today's economy.