If you can't beat them, do you have to join them? Strategies rising powers use to challenge and transform the international order
What strategies do rising states use to challenge the established international order and bring about its transformation? This question has received surprisingly little attention, as both realist and liberal theorists have focused on whether or not there will be a demand for change on the part of rising powers. Both schools assume that change will involve open and violent confrontation between status quo powers and challengers. Realists see this as the natural state of affairs and regard great power confrontation to be the major engine of change in international relations. Liberals are more optimistic and argue that rising powers will be more inclined to accept the established order because they find the costs of challenging it to be prohibitive. We believe that these arguments are flawed in that they limit rising powers to only two options: they can either “beat ‘em” or “join ‘em”. Rising states can either acquiesce to the existing order or wage a full-out frontal assault to overthrow and replace it.In examining the behavior of post-Soviet Russia (the contemporary rising power that has been the most proactive in its opposition to the established order), we find that rising powers have a wider menu of effective strategies available to them – from simply ignoring the parts of the established order that they do not like, to forming new relationships and institutions that achieve specific aims. These strategies allow rising powers to resist the established order and work towards its gradual transformation
Priority areas: humanitarian
, Cambridge : Harvard University Press, 2016
Shaper Nations provides illuminating perspectives on the national strategies of eight emerging and established countries that are shaping global politics at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The volume’s authors offer a unique viewpoint: they live and work primarily in the country about which they write, bringing an insider’s feel for national debates and politics. The conventional ...
Added: October 31, 2019
, Civilitas 2011 Vol. 3 P. 58-88
After the end of the Cold War and the establishment of a unipolar international order, many scholars came to the conclusion that “balancing” as an instrument of state policy has disappeared. This research proves the opposite. First, it undertakes theoretical analysis of the “balancing dilemma” and defines the system of independent variables which can guarantee ...
Added: January 23, 2013
Amsterdam : Rodopi Publishers, 2014
Global Studies Encyclopedic Dictionary ...
Added: January 17, 2015
М. : ИДВ РАН, 2019
The collection of articles by Russian scholars focuses on the positive changes on the Korean Peninsula that occurred during 2018. The results of the North Korean leader's summits with the leaders of China, the USA and South Korea held in 2018 are analyzed. The impact of these meetings on the prospects of resolving the nuclear ...
Added: April 12, 2021
Comparison of Africa’s Engagement with Russia, China and India: historical, cultural, economic and political dimensions. A view from Moscow
, Kazan Journal of International Law and International Relations 2016 P. 83-90
Over the past two decades, a fundamental transformation has taken place in the global economy caused by the impressive economic growth of developing countries like China, India, Brazil, and South Africa. Concurrently and since the beginning of the XXI century, the world economy has gone to a new step of globalization, one in which is ...
Added: February 7, 2017
, , Polis (Russian Federation) 2021 No. 3 P. 57-76
The article suggests that the contemporary mode of interactions between leading global and regional actors is not transitional, but sustainable, thus constituting the world order for the near future. Providing a theoretical context, the article claims that over the last thirty years neoliberal and neorealist schools of thought have prevailingly focused on verifying their pre-established ...
Added: August 5, 2021
, , Journal of Globalization Studies 2010 P. 70-89
This article analyzes the global causes of the contemporary crisis and the possibilities to eliminate the most acute problems that have generated this crisis. It analyzes both the negative role of the world financial flows and their important positive functions including the ‘insurance’ of social guaranties at the global scale. Оn the one hand, anarchic ...
Added: October 14, 2014
, М. : ИДВ РАН, 2019
Republic of Korea faced the pressure from the power countries. It is time for us to ponder whether the strategic ambiguity about China's “One belt, one road” initiative and American “Indo-Pacific” strategy is the best choice to Korea. It is necessary to come out from the situation when beginning of the hegemonic war between the US—China ...
Added: April 12, 2021
This volume examines the complex international system of the twenty first century from a variety of perspectives. Proceeding from critical theoretical perspectives and incorporating case studies, the chapters focus on broad trends as well as micro-realities of a Post-Westphalian international system. The process of transformation and change of the international system has been an ongoing ...
Added: October 17, 2014
Lodz : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego , 2013
Added: July 25, 2015
, Russia in Global Affairs 2017 № 2 С. 103-114
На фоне изменения баланса сил в мире, роста великодержавного соперничества и хаотизации мировой политики происходит формирование трансрегиональных экономических объединений. Не ставя своей целью углубление регионализации в мире, США отчасти способствуют этому процессу. Вашингтон стремится посредством создания американо-центричных блоков – ТТП и ТТИП - укрепить свои лидирующие позиции. США надеются вовлечь в макрорегиональные союзы большую часть ...
Added: June 29, 2016
, Проблемы Дальнего Востока 2019 № 5 (1) С. 139-142
The article is devoted to the development of relations between China and the European Union over the past period (2018-2019). The article describes the nature of relations between the parties, gives an overview of the events that occurred, and draws conclusions about the further development of China's relations with European countries. ...
Added: December 5, 2019
, L. : Palgrave Macmillan, 2015
The number of conflicts in the world is increasing, as well as their intensity and fierceness. We see the trend of unfolding spiral of violence in the world and thus there is a pressing need to assess the underlying reasons of it. Challenges to a secure development of the world stem from political, economic and ...
Added: January 23, 2015
, , Восток. Афро-азиатские общества: история и современность 2019 № 6 С. 173-188
This article analyzes the development potential of Greater Eurasia and its long-term institutionalization. The authors believe that Greater Eurasia, as a geopo-litical reality, is undergoing a certain transformation. Originally formed as a pole of confrontation under the pressure of American politics and based mainly on the Russian-Chinese strategic partnership, now it is acquiring more and ...
Added: April 24, 2020
Н. Новгород, Саров : Нижегородский государственный университет им. Н.И. Лобачевского, 2009
In the collection are published articles on a wide range of regional issues in international relations and foreign policy of the great powers in modern and contemporary times. ...
Added: January 13, 2014
, Cogent Social Sciences 2019 Vol. 5 No. 1 P. 1-22
Abstract: Civil and political activism is not a monolithic, “one-size-fits-all” phenomenon. It is rather viewed as nationally unique, segmented political attempts to engage different groups of citizens into a civil movement. The paper explores the specifics and effectiveness of some types of Russian civil and political activism—female, youth, unofficial, religious. Based on a political marketing communications framework, the author argues ...
Added: May 9, 2019
, Полития: Анализ. Хроника. Прогноз 2019 Т. 95 № 4 С. 39-52
Despite the widespread use of the term “national interests” in the media and academia, researchers and experts still cannot come to a consensus on its meaning. Political realists equate national interests with the “ПОЛИТИЯ” № 4 (95) 2019 51 states’ aspiration for power and security, liberals — with the will of citizens, constructivists — with ...
Added: October 6, 2020
, , et al., М. : Проспект, 2011
Учебник ориентирован на мировой опыт и традиции политической науки и политологического образования, новаторский и оригинальный характер которого состоит прежде всего в многоуровневой структуре материала. Помимо основного текста учебник включает интерпретации, фактологические сведения, цитаты из классической и новейшей литературы, обширный банк научных биографий видных представителей социально-политической мысли, определения ключевых понятий. Учебник позволяет получить объемное и целостное ...
Added: April 12, 2013
Украинский кризис и американо-европейские отношения: Структурные последствия и наметившиеся тенденции
, , Актуальные проблемы Европы 2016 № 1 С. 11-35
Международный кризис вокруг Украины, начавшийся с массовых демон- страций на Майдане в Киеве и переросший в кровавый вооруженный конфликт в Восточной Европе, сегодня является одним из главных вызовов региональной безопасности. Отличительной чертой украинского кризиса является комплексный характер его последствий для системы политических, страте- гических и экономических связей в регионе. В данной статье рассмотрено структурное влияние ...
Added: June 29, 2016
, Springer, 2017
This book examines in depth science diplomacy, a particular field of international relations, in which the interests of science and those of foreign policy intersect. Building on a wealth of examples drawn from history and contemporary international relations, it analyzes and discusses the links between the world of scientists and that of diplomats. Written by a ...
Added: October 24, 2018
, Russia in Global Affairs 2017 No. 1 P. 35-48
The current elites lack Primakov’s ability to find a balance between national and international interests, see a better future, and choose the best way to achieve it. It is this ability that has placed Primakov among the brilliant representatives of realist thought. ...
Added: March 15, 2017
, , Вестник Московского университета. Серия 12: Политические науки 2015 № 2 С. 7-32
The authors of this article use a new paradigm of global studies, in which the idea of globalization as a process of making a uniform world is deemed outmoded. The main trend of development on the planet is identiﬁed as a segmentation into several mega-regions ( integrated systems ) which will compete with each other. ...
Added: August 28, 2018
Актуальные подходы в преподавании и современные исследования зарубежной истории: материалы региональной научной конференции. Курский государственный университет, исторический факультет, 4 декабря 2014 г.
Курск : Курский государственный университет, 2015
The collection of materials of a regional conference is timed to the 80th anniversary of the Faculty of History and the 50th anniversary of the Department of General History of the Kursk State University. ...
Added: September 2, 2015
, Journal of Global Security Studies 2016 Vol. 1 No. 2 P. 111-126
Today’s emerging powers and potential challengers to US and Western Hegemony, Russia and China, are developing states that exhibit profound weaknesses in terms of the legitimacy of their political regimes and state institutions. There are growing fears in both countries that these internal vulnerabilities are actively being exploited by the US and other Western powers. ...
Added: December 4, 2015