### Working paper

## Boundness of b2 for hyperkahler manifolds with vanishing odd-Betti numbers

Let M be a simple hyperk¨ahler manifold, that is, a simply connected compact holomorphically symplectic manifold of K¨ahler type with h 2,0 = 1. Assuming b2(M) 6= 5, we prove that the group of holomorphic automorphisms of M acts on the set of faces of its K¨ahler cone with finitely many orbits. This statement is known as Morrison-Kawamata cone conjecture for hyperk¨ahler manifolds. As an implication, we show that a hyperk¨ahler manifold has only finitely many non-equivalent birational models. The proof is based on the following observation, proven with ergodic theory. Let M be a complete Riemannian manifold of dimension at least three, constant negative curvature and finite volume, and {Si} an infinite set of complete, locally geodesic hypersurfaces. Then the union of Si is dense in M.

We prove that the characteristic foliation F on a nonsingular divisor D in an irreducible projective hyperk¨ahler manifold X cannot be algebraic, unless the leaves of F are rational curves or X is a surface. More generally, we show that if X is an arbitrary projective manifold carrying a holomorphic symplectic 2-form, and D and F are as above, then F can be algebraic with non-rational leaves only when, up to a finite ´etale cover, X is the product of a symplectic projective manifold Y with a symplectic surface and D is the pull-back of a curve on this surface. When D is of general type, the fact that F cannot be algebraic unless X is a surface was proved by Hwang and Viehweg. The main new ingredient for our results is the observation that the canonical class of the (orbifold) base of the family of leaves is zero. This implies, in particular, the isotriviality of the family of leaves of F. We show this, more generally, for regular algebraic foliations by curves defined by the vanishing of a holomorphic (d − 1)-form on a complex projective manifold of dimension d.

The transcendental Hodge lattice of a projective manifold M is the smallest Hodge substructure in pth cohomology which contains all holomorphic p-forms. We prove that the direct sum of all transcendental Hodge lattices has a natural algebraic structure, and compute this algebra explicitly for a hyperkähler manifold. As an application, we obtain a theorem about dimension of a compact torus T admitting a holomorphic symplectic embedding to a hyperkähler manifold M. If M is generic in a d-dimensional family of deformations, then dimT≥2^[(d+1)/2].

Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.

This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.