ATTITUDE TOWARDS INNOVATION AMONG REPRESENTATIVES OF VARIOUS GENERATIONS OF RUSSIAN PEOPLE
Models of business cultures proposed by G.Hofstede and F.Trompenaars - Ch.HampdenTurner are widely used in cross-cultural management. At the same time, many researchers using the findings of cross-cultural comparisons obtained with the framework of the models, treat the basic concepts related to cultural values, on the basis of authors’ or common interpretations. I argue this is a flawed approach which has to be substituted by the usage of empirical indicators underlying the models. The problem is illustrated with the value dimension of individualism – collectivism.
Purpose. In 2013 and in 2014, Federal Law No. 73-FZ of 25 June 2002 “On Cultural Heritage Objects (Monuments of History and Culture) of the Nations of the Russian Federation” was amended, including, the conceptual apparatus of the cultural heritage system. The latter is divided into tangible and intangible objects; the material cultural heritage includes monuments of history and culture. Objects of cultural heritage, according to legislative definition, have a complex composite structure, which requires analysis and systematization, since at the moment this concept and related to it are used in other acts of substantive law, in particular, in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Objects of cultural heritage, according to legislative definition, have a complex composite structure, which requires analysis and systematization, since at the moment this concept and related to it are used in other acts of substantive law, in particular, in the Criminal Code. Methodology: analysis, synthesis, legal, structural, functional, axiological methods. Conclusions. The object of cultural heritage has the following features: the immovable nature of the cultural heritage object (and associated movable objects and archaeological objects until they are included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation), anthropogenic character, age and cultural value of the cultural heritage object — is of fundamental importance as the basis for assigning the object the status of an object of cultural heritage, formal status in the Unified State Register of Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Russian Federation. Scientific and practical significance. The carried out research allows to specify the concept of objects of a cultural heritage and its component parts, thus, defining, in particular, subjects of crimes and offenses that encroach on monuments of history and culture. The findings of this study can be used to create regulatory legal acts that regulate the protection of cultural heritage sites, as well as to be applied in the training process in the training of specialists in the field of criminal and administrative law.
The article considers topical issues of foreign language teaching seen from the axiological angle of different cultures’ pedagogical paradigms and describes some typical characteristics of a number of pedagogical systems. A close attention is paid to various manifestations of the value components characteristic of various educational systems which reveal the existence of an axiological paradigm shift in teaching foreign languages.
Currently, successful business alliances are an important, crucial and one of the key strategic components in many industries and areas of production, industry and business. On the one hand, using the company's strategic alliances can increase and strengthen the competitiveness and market power, increase efficiency by gaining access to new and critical information resources and technical and technological capabilities. However, the issue there is another side of the coin, namely, according to statistics from 30 to 70% of established alliances fiasco. In other words, by alliances, do not meet the objectives of the parent companies and do not provide any competitive or strategic advantage, their success, or rather the failure does not justify the expectations imposed initially. It is important to note that over 50% of cases, the companies have entered into an alliance lost its value on the stock exchange, and some are even very quickly. The totality of the facts set out above leads to the creation of a certain paradox for companies. On the one hand, companies are faced with specific and significant obstacles in order to make the Union a smooth and successful, and on the other hand, they should and must form a larger number of unions than ever before, and have yet to rely more and more on them as a means to enhance their competitiveness, success and growth. In this article a review of the theoretical and methodological aspects of the formation of strategic alliances and presents regional industrial clusters of the Perm region, as a kind of strategic alliance.
Сultural differences in implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes toward innovation in three ethno-cultural groups: Ethnic Russians, representatives of the peoples of the Northern Caucasus (the Ingush and Chechens) and Tuvinians (N=804) are identified and analyzed. Individual theories of innovativeness are more pronounced among Ethnic Russians while respondents from the North Caucasus and Tuva prefer social ones. The relations between individual theories and level of creativity, orientation toward future and the index of innovativeness of personality as well as relations between social theories and risk for the success and orientation toward future are revealed.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.