Discussing the major theories of political leadership with a focus on contemporary challenges that political leaders face worldwide, this research companion provides a comprehensive and up-to-date resource for an international readership. The editors combine empirical and normative approaches to emphasize the centrality of political culture, as well as the limits of culture and the universal demands of innovative adaptation.
This article examines the concept of politics in terms of event and process in the theory of Jacques Rancière. The author attempts to place it in wider theoretical boundaries of continental political philosophy in order to show its genealogy, dependence and also innovation. He appeals to such philosophers as Hannah Arendt and Claude Lefort to which the theory of Rancière refers to: this allows us to measure the Rancière’s contribution in existing tradition of understanding politics as event and extraordinary moment. Sealed vocabulary of his theory thus receives the possibility to be decrypted and the circle of problems to which it pretends to be a solution appears more clear. The intermediate goal of this article consists in analysis of the way through which politics acquire a status of the event and, in particular, the figure of anti-political and its role in constitualization of politics. The author demonstrates the inner restrictions and normative limits of such understanding of politics and shows that the logic of Rancière’s conception requires the introduction some additional notions and theoretical differentiations. This doesn’t understate the meaning of the theory of Jacques Rancière but, in the contrary, open to us new theoretical tasks: on a base of this conceptions we should think how the space of political argumentation organizes, how its language produces itself and how politics and police communicate with each other. We come to conclusion that the dissensual theory of Jacques Rancière suggests a “normativist horizon”, in frame of which politics as disagreement can be productive and not catastrophic.
Public administrative and civil service reforms have widely been used as a popular strategy to bring about systemic changes in entrenched bureaucracies. The general tendency that occurred in Post-Communist states was to adopt comprehensive policy measures dealing with the efficiency and effectiveness of state apparatus. This paper examines the process of an attempted civil service reform in Russia, starting from the first term of Putin’s Presidency. Based upon interviews with experts and public officials, it elaborates on the role of leadership, or the willingness of the national political elite to improve the system of public administration; the impact of path-dependency upon the course of institutional transformation; and finally, the role of reform strategy in the policy implementation process. The article concludes that the case of civil service reform in Russia may be explained by a combination of policy-making variables listed above. In addition, it highlights the transformation of the Russian policy-making system during the years of political centralization.
Rethinking the standard theory of democratic transition the author shows the uneven character of Central Asian political regimes. He sketches different strategies of political modernization in order to represent the impact of Post-Soviet constitutional reforms regarding such items as separation of powers, parliamentarism, presidential power and the role of political leadership. He discusses the importance of constitutional developments for traditional societies in transition, and concludes that post-communist constitutional development in the region is still far from complete.
The article deals with fundamental political notions in which reflected the crucial stages of the polis evolution.
Article deal with problem of aristocracy in denocratic Athens in Vth Century B.C.