The Global Big Oil on the Way to Business Model Innovation?
In this book we study innovations for the middle of the pyramid, focusing on the experience of middle income countries in Latin America. This middle income segment, which is middle by the standards of emerging markets although low by the standards of advanced economies, has grown steadily in the last few decades and has become an attractive segment for firms to serve. These middle income countries in Latin America are a laboratory for understanding this phenomenon because despite being emerging countries, they have a large middle income segment that provide attractive and different opportunities, similarly to other regions like Eastern Europe or the Middle East. Additionally, by focusing on a region that has a common political, social and economic history we are able to draw cross-country conclusions more easily, while at the same time benefit from a variety of experiences and innovations that have appeared in multiple countries.
The book is based on case studies and examples of firms that have created innovations for the middle of the pyramid. The cases are detailed analyses of exemplar firms that have introduce innovations to address some of the most intractable challenges of emerging markets and that have been successful at creating a business proposition of something that was commonly addressed by the government or by non-for-profit organizations. The examples are presented within a general framework that provides detailed statistics of the challenge to help explain how the challenge can nevertheless become a large business opportunity for some entrepreneurial managers.
The book can provide useful and new insights to managers of both emerging economies who want to serve their growing middle classes that until recently were being served in the informal economy, as well as to managers of multinationals from advanced countries who may find that the growing middle classes in emerging economies are a profitable and expanding market segment to serve.
The present article is devoted to a legal regulation of investments in gas industry of Russia. The author points attention of the scientist on it its perspectives in view of BRICS, on the possibilities that this form of cooperation can provide. The object of the article is the characterization of the actual legal regulation and of the investment climate in general. In the conclusion the author proposes the new approach for cooperation in the domain of the gas production in Russia.
Among key problems of strategic development of the Russian Federation – a gain of the advanced positions in a global competition, an exit on standards of a life of the developed countries. Methods of achievement of the proclaimed priorities among which predominate an emphasis on realisation of innovations and optimisation of use of regional and human potentials are defined also. It means also working out of essentially new domestic industrial policy which main objective – stimulation of transition of a national economy on the way of development allowing a science and hi-tech sectors of the industry to become by the locomotive of economic growth, to provide adequate conditions for development for industrial sector of economy. Many questions concerning a theme of research carried out in the given collection, successfully dare in the European countries. Therefore studying a positive European experience important for decrease in vulnerability of domestic economy in the face of many global problems. These problems demand today adequate reactions at level of an industrial policy, start of new industrial strategy. In this work it is a lot of the specific proposals directed on the further development of the Russian industry. Authors have formulated both new tactical and strategic ideas, not ordinary decisions for achievement of leadership in the field in the future.
In the era marked by globalization and its profound impacts on individuals, societies, states and markets, world-class universities need to position themselves in the forefront of seeking conceptual and practical solutions to daunting challenges by paying greater attention to their roles in serving local society and contributing to global common goods. World-Class Universities: Towards a Global Common Good and Seeking National and Institutional Contributions provides updated insights and debates on how world-class universities will contribute to the global common good and balance their global, national and local roles in doing so.
The article examines Russia’s dependence on hightech imported goods. We improve the OECD hightechnology product classification by increasing the level of disaggregation, accounting for new goods, ensuring comparability over time, and differentiating goods by technological level on quite high levels of disaggregation. We describe the major trends in the world market for high-tech goods and identify the leading countries in each sector (most frequently, China, Germany, Republic of Korea, Switzerland, and Singapore) primarily by calculating net exports of high-tech goods in these sectors. We also assess Russian competitive positions in the global market for high-tech goods by sectors, applying the newly developed competitiveness index, and measure Russian dependence on high-tech goods imported from countries that recently imposed sanctions against Russia. We show that Russia’s economy is highly dependent on imports of pharmaceutical goods and medical equipment, machinery and equipment (except nuclear reactors, fuel elements, engines and turbines), and electrical equipment. The sectors with most imports originating from ‘sanctionimposing’ countries are aircraft, medical and optical equipment, engines and turbines, and pharmaceutical goods. Computers and electronic equipment are at the opposite pole: in these sectors, China is the world leader and the key partner for Russia.