Sophisticated Bidders in Beauty-Contest Auctions
Galavotti S., Moretti L., Valbonesi P.
In this paper, we study bidding behavior by firms in beauty-contest auctions, i.e. auctions in which the winning bid is the one which gets closest to some function (average) of all submitted bids. Using a dataset on public procurement beauty-contest auctions in Italy and exploiting a change in the auction format, we show that firms’ observed bidding behavior departs from equilibrium and can be predicted by an index of sophistication, which captures the firms’ accumulated capacity of bidding well (i.e., close to optimality) in the past. We show that our empirical evidence is consistent with a Cognitive Hierarchy model of bidders’ behavior. We also investigate whether and how firms learn to think and bid strategically through experience.
, Вопросы государственного и муниципального управления 2015 № 1 С. 69-91
In 2004–2005 the Russian government started to implement the reform of public procurement. In order to decrease incentives to corruption and encourage competition, they established new procurement procedures. Meanwhile, according to the anecdotal evidence, since the decade of the reform, diff erent types of rent-seeking behavior have been still widespread in Russian procurement. In this ...
Added: October 21, 2014
, , et al., An impact of different regulatory regimes on the effectiveness of public procurement / Высшая школа экономики. Series PA "Public Administration". 2013. No. WP BRP 08/PA/2013.
The reform of budget-sector entities enables us to compare the impact of different types of public procurement regulations in budget and autonomous organizations in Russia. Such analysis is important in light of the critical discussion of the effects of current procurement regulation (94-FL), as well as taking into account the introduction of the Federal Contract ...
Added: November 29, 2013
Examination of the Effects of Personal and Purchasing Unit Characteristics on Types of Problems Experienced and Types of Contracts That Are Problematic
, , , Journal of Management Research (США) 2014 Vol. 6 No. 4 P. 21-49
This paper provides a contribution to the knowledge of contract administration by examining the role of personal and organization characteristics in project success. The research described in this paper examines the effects that personal and organizational characteristics of procurement professionals have on project success, specifically on the frequency and severity of problems experienced for different ...
Added: October 20, 2014
, , , Journal of Public Procurement 2014 Vol. 14 No. 4 P. 538-566
ABSTRACT. Why do some countries (often developing and emerging economies) adopt special laws on PPP, whilst in others PPPs are governed by the legislation on public procurement and related bylaws? This paper explains the above global discrepancies from an institutional perspective. In a contract-theoretical framework we demonstrate how PPPs can enable projects that are not feasible through standard public procurement arrangements. ...
Added: October 3, 2014
, , et al., International Journal of Public Administration 2015 Vol. 38 No. 11 P. 796-814
The combination of two reforms in Russia, reform of public-sector entities and of public procurement, enables us to estimate the results of a transition from rigid to more flexible regulations in public procurement (PP). We consider two public universities in 2011–2012. The procurements of one university were regulated by rigid Federal Law during the entire ...
Added: July 24, 2015
, , Академическое приложение к журналу Госзаказ: управление, размещение, обеспечение 2010 № 4 С. 11-28
Авторами была предпринята попытка обобщения и систематизации проблем, с которыми сталкиваются российские госзаказчики. Одними из методов проведенного исследования стали глубинные интервю, кейс-стади и опросы, направленные на изучение практического опыта госзакупок. ...
Added: October 30, 2012
, , Journal of Competition Law & Economics 2015 Vol. 11 No. 2 P. 331-352
Why do people violate the law? The Hobbesian outlook would be that people violate the law in the absence of appropriate punishment. John Stuart Mill would have attributed the violation to the lack of incentives to behave legally. In this paper, we combine these two factors to examine the effect of antitrust regulation on price ...
Added: October 21, 2014
, Госзаказ: управление, размещение, обеспечение 2012 № 29 С. 2-2
Статья анонсирует второе определяющее чтение закона о ФКС. Внесено более 300 поправок , значительно меняющих облик законопроекта. За последние месяцы происходят интереснейшие институциональные изменения в системе закупок. Создаются подразделения по государственным закупкам в системе Счетной палаты РФ, участие в процессе Торгово-промышленной палаты России дает надежду на объединение всех бизнес-сообществ нашей страны и выработать консолидированную позицию ...
Added: November 22, 2012
State-business relations and participation of firms in public procurement in Russia: an empirical study
, , Journal of Public Procurement 2012 Vol. 12 No. 4 P. 547-572
In this paper, we regard public procurement as an instrument used by the government for indirect support of enterprises. In this context, we have investigated the place that public procurement occupy in statebusiness interrelations. Using data from a large survey of Russian manufacturing enterprises conducted in 2009 we show that in Russia public procurement cannot ...
Added: September 11, 2012
, , Вопросы государственного и муниципального управления 2013 № 4 С. 166-190
Some countries treat public-private partnerships (PPP) within public procurement legislation, whilst others adopt a specially designed PPP law to distinguish PPPs from the routine purchases of goods and services. There is no evidence to suggest which of the approaches is more efficient. Differences are visible even for highly developed economies such as the UK (no ...
Added: January 9, 2014
, Госзаказ: управление, размещение, обеспечение 2011 № 25 С. 95-103
Среди всего многообразия продукции, закупаемой для государственных нужд, можно выделить продукцию, которая относится к интеллектуальным услугам. Данный вид услуг обладает специфическими свойствами, которые определяют характер их производства, механизм ценообразования, порядок формирования спроса и предложения на рынке данного вида услуг. В рамках правового регулирования механизмов размещения государственного заказа определены четкие правила проведения закупочных процедур, которые применяются ...
Added: January 22, 2013
Сравнительный анализ эффективности закупочной деятельности государственных организаций сходной сферы деятельности
, , et al., Вопросы государственного и муниципального управления 2013 № 2 С. 5-36
The reform of budget sector’ entities enables us to compare the impact of different types of public procurement regulations in budget and autonomous organizations in Russia. Such analysis is important in the view of critical discussion on the effects of current procurement regulation (94-FL) as well as taking into account introducing of the Federal Contract ...
Added: July 26, 2013
, , et al., Госзаказ: управление, размещение, обеспечение 2012 № 29 С. 32-45
Исследованы уровень конкуренции и процент снижения цены контракта при проведении конкурентных закупок в 2011 году. Проведен анализ 1 971 428 процедур размещения заказов, из них 101 472 открытых конкурса, 832 757 открытых электронных аукционов, 1 037 199 запросов котировок цен. Анализ данных проводился по всем субъектам РФ, определялся показатель по Федеральным округам и в среднем по РФ Оценены уровень стартовой и ...
Added: November 22, 2012
, , International Journal of Public Administration 2018 Vol. 41 No. 5-6 P. 435-445
Using public procurement to foster innovation is a widespread practice worldwide. However, in Russia public procurement has had no significant impact on developing innovation. Empirical research with expert interviews and qualitative and quantitative data analysis has revealed the reasons for poor performance to promote innovation, including tough anti-trust and anti-corruption rules, limited use of tenders ...
Added: September 18, 2018
Влияние изменений в регулировании на характеристики закупок в государственных организациях: анализ опыта крупного российского университета
, , et al., Российский журнал менеджмента 2014 Т. 12 № 4 С. 29-54
This paper analyses the impact of two reforms dealt with transparency improvement and adoption of more flexible regulation on effectiveness of procurement of a large state university (Higher School of Economics) in the period from 2008 to 2012. We evaluate the impact of two significant changes in the public procurement regulation: transfer to electronic auctions ...
Added: February 4, 2015
, , et al., Experimental Economics 2017 Vol. 20 No. 1 P. 70-99
We experimentally study the effects of allotment—the division of an item into homogeneous units—in independent private value auctions. We compare a bundling first-price auction with two equivalent treatments where allotment is implemented: a two-unit discriminatory auction and two simultaneous single-unit first-price auctions. We find that allotment in the form of a discriminatory auction generates a ...
Added: September 29, 2015
, Вопросы государственного и муниципального управления 2009 № 3 С. 35-46
The paper presents a brief overview of theoretical and empirical literature on collusion in public procurement. We discuss the main economic models of collusion, the impact of market factors on the appearance and sustainabil ity of collusion, and the ways of hindering collusion in public procurement through different stages of procurement cycle. We also describe ...
Added: October 2, 2012
Three Quantitative Management Problems in Public Procurement and Decision Procedures for Their Analysis and Solving
, Procedia Computer Science 2013 Vol. 17 P. 1142-1153
Three management problems that a state (or a public administration acting on its behalf) faces in procuring goods and/or services are considered: a) choosing the type of a contract to be awarded and the type of a competitive bidding to determine the winning bid, b) setting the initial price for a contract being the subject ...
Added: September 29, 2014
Estimation of Costs in the Russian Public Procurement System: A Case Study of Voronezh State University
, , Estimation of Costs in the Russian Public Procurement System: A Case Study of Voronezh State University / Высшая школа экономики. Series MAN "Management". 2015. No. WP BRP 41/MAN/2015 .
The growing attention of governments, international organizations and NGOs to public procurement issues over the last two decades has been accompanied by many studies of the efficiency of public procurement. However, few researchers have considered the costs of procurement regulation for public customers and private suppliers. This problem is especially acute for the public procurement ...
Added: September 18, 2015
Реформа системы госзакупок и практика отбора поставщиков для государственных нужд в России в 2004 и 2008 гг. (по данным обследований предприятий обрабатывающей промышленности)
, , Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики 2010 Т. 14 № 2 С. 202-226
Corruption in government procurements remains to be one of grave problems in transition economies. A reaction to this problem in Russia came in 2005-2006 in form of a radical reform of government procurements. This paper analyses the main parameters of firms participating in government procurements before and after changes in regulation. Our analysis is based ...
Added: October 13, 2012
, , Indicators Of Corruption In Public Procurement: The Example Of Russian Regions / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC". 2014. No. WP BRP 76/EC/2014.
Corruption is widely spread across the world and is believed to affect economic growth negatively. It is most persistent in the developing countries. Russian economy is not an exception. Significant losses are also reported in public procurement in Russia due to corruption. Unfortunately, to measure corruption is very challenging. In this paper, using the data ...
Added: November 27, 2014
Access of firms to public procurement in Russia in the 2000s: before and after radical reform of regulation
, , International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies 2012 Vol. 5 No. 2 P. 140-157
This paper considers the consequences of public procurement reform in Russia in 2005-2006. We show that before the reform, manufacturing firms with government stakes, old firms and larger firms had advantages in access to government orders. In 2009 large firms retain their advantages in access to government orders. Estimated scales of ‘kickback’ in 2009 were ...
Added: September 11, 2012
, , Blacklisting in Russian Public Procurement: How it doesn't Work / Высшая школа экономики. Series PA "Public Administration". 2011. No. 01.
The main goal of public procurement reform in Russia, initiated in 2005, was to prevent corrupt deals between suppliers and procurers. That is why the public procurement law favors formal mechanisms to govern most of the stages of procurement: the procurer is not allowed to take into account the reputation of the supplier when he ...
Added: August 27, 2012
, , Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 2015 Vol. 31 No. 3 P. 568-598
This paper discusses systematically different concepts of anomie as an explanation of Group-focused Enmity (GFE) against selected groups in society. The GFE research programme has demonstrated the utility of applying the concept of anomia' - an individual reaction to disruptions in the normative order - to explain prejudices against vulnerable groups. This paper extends the ...
Added: September 29, 2015